Urban and Highway Stormwater Pollution: Concepts and Engineering, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Urban and Highway Stormwater Pollution

Concepts and Engineering, 1st Edition

By Thorkild Hvitved-Jacobsen, Jes Vollertsen, Asbjorn Haaning Nielsen

CRC Press

367 pages | 101 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781439826850
pub: 2010-03-25
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As the world population grows, already burgeoning cities are becoming taxed in every conceivable way. One topic that receives few headlines, but significantly impacts an area’s quality of health and economic development is the challenge to maintain sustainable urban drainage (SUD). Poor drainage can hamper transportation, add to problems of pollution, and compromise essential clean water resources. While a number of references concentrate on the hydrology, hydraulics, and transport phenomena relevant for urban drainage, we must recognize that any solution requires a more comprehensive consideration of the problem.

Urban and Highway Stormwater Pollution: Concepts and Engineering offers a comprehensive text on wet weather pollution originating from urban drainage and road runoff. Bringing together the empirical and theoretical approaches needed to mitigate the problem, this volume:

  • Provides a basic understanding of sources, pathways, and impacts of pollutants associated with wet weather hydrologic cycles occurring in areas with impervious or semi-impervious surfaces
  • Examines wet weather pollutant discharges into streams, lakes, and coastal waters, as well as soil systems
  • Details tools to quantify physical, chemical, and biological characteristics associated with wet weather pollution and methodologies for pollution abatement, control, and monitoring runoff

  • Offers general methodologies and site-specific approaches to deal with stormwater runoff, road runoff, and sewer overflows
  • Supplies reliable predictive tools and modeling methods

SUD is rapidly becoming a problem of crisis proportions; but while we must act quickly, any solution must be based on sound principles, accurate data, and proven methods. Written by top researchers with years of experience, this book offers those working at the front line with an accessible resource that helps ameliorate problem situations and prevent others from developing.

Table of Contents

Fundamentals of Urban and Highway Stormwater Pollution

The Urban Hydrologic Cycle

Urban Drainage and Pollution: Basic Phenomena and Characteristics

Basic Pollutant Characteristics and Environmental Effects

Types and Performance of Urban Drainage Systems

Wet Weather Quality Modeling and Prediction

Urban Drainage in the Future

Pollution from Urban and Highway Wet Weather Flows: Concepts and Definitions

Rainfall Characteristics

Runoff Event Characteristics

Sources of Pollutants

Pollutant Variability

Statistical Concepts

Pollutant Characterization

Transport and Transformations: A Toolbox for Quality Assessment Within Urban Drainage

Toolbox Fundamentals

Characteristics of Constituents

Mass Balances

Physical Processes: Water and Mass Transport

Physicochemical Processes

Chemical Processes

Microbiological Processes

Plants and Eutrophication

Stormwater Runoff: Sources, Transport, and Loads of Pollutants

Atmospheric Constituents and Deposition

Snow Events: Pollutant Accumulation and Release

Stationary and Mobile Sources for Pollutants

Drainage Systems: Collection and Transport of Runoff Water

Pollutant Buildup and Wash-Off at Urban and Road Surfaces

Pollutant Concentrations and Loads

Combined Sewer Overflows: Characteristics, Pollutant Loads, and Controls

Overflow Structures and CSO Characteristics

CSO Pollutant Sources

Deposition, Erosion, and Transport of Sewer Solids

Extreme Event and Annual Load Calculations

Characteristic Pollutant Concentrations and Loads

Control of Combined Sewer Overflows

Effects of Combined Sewer Overflows and Runoff from Urban Areas and Roads

General Characteristics of Effects

Hydraulic Related Effects on Receiving Waters

Effects of Biodegradable Organic Matter

Effects of Nutrient Discharges

Pollutants with Toxic Effects

Effects of Pathogenic Microorganisms

Contamination of Soils and Groundwater

Experimental Methods and Data Acquisition within Urban Drainage

General Characteristics of Sampling, Monitoring, and Analysis

The Nature of Data

Measurement Programs

Measurement Programs in Practice

Urban Wet Weather Quality Management

The Nature of Urban Wet Weather Quality Management

Rainwater Harvesting and Water Sensitive Urban Design

Interactions between Sewers, Wastewater Treatment Plants, and Receiving Waters during Runoff Periods

Nonstructural Bmps

Climate Changes and Urban Runoff

Stormwater Pollution Control and Mitigation Methods

Physical, Chemical, and Biological Characteristics of Pollutants Related to Treatment

Overview of Structural Types of Bmps

Pond Systems for Stormwater Treatment

Infiltration of Stormwater

Filters and Bioretention Systems

Constructed Wetlands

Swales and Filter Strips

Inlet Structures

Comparison of Pollutant Removal Performances of Bmps

Modeling of Wet Weather Water Quality

How to Model and Why Do It?

Types of Models for Transport and Transformation of Constituents

Types of Urban Drainage Models With Specific Characteristics

Legislation and Regulation

U.S. Regulations

European Union Legislation

Water Quality Criteria for Wet Weather Discharges

Water Quality Regulation for Wet Weather Discharges

Information and Technical Support

Appendix 1

Appendix 2

References and related websites and final notes found after most chapters

About the Authors

Thorkild Hvitved-Jacobsen, Jes Vollertseu, and Asbjorn Haauing Nielsen are with the Department of Environmental Engineering at Aalborg University in Denmark. Professor Hvitved-Jacobsen is the former head of the internationally respected Sewer Processes and Network Group and is responsible for building up the group over the past 20 years. He is one of the world’s leading authorities on wastewater process engineering of sewers and treatment plants and urban and highway runoff pollution.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply