1st Edition

Users Guide to Physical Modelling and Experimentation Experience of the HYDRALAB Network

Edited By L. E. Frostick, S.J. McLelland, T.G. Mercer Copyright 2011
    272 Pages
    by CRC Press

    272 Pages
    by CRC Press

    A Users Guide to Hydraulic Modelling and Experimentation provides a systematic, comprehensive summary of the progress made through HYDRALAB III . The book combines the expertise of many of the leading hydraulic experimentalists in Europe and identifies current best practice for carrying out state-of-the-art, modern laboratory investigations. In addition it gives an inventory and reviews recent advances in instrumentation and equipment that drive present and new developments in the subject. The Guide concentrates on four core areas – waves, breakwaters, sediments and the relatively-new (but rapidly-developing) cross-disciplinary area of hydrodynamics/ecology. Progress made through the ‘CoMIBBS’ component of HYDRALAB III provides the material for a chapter focussed on guidance, principles and practice for composite modelling. There is detailed consideration of scaling and the degree of relevance of laboratory/physical modelling approaches for specific contexts included in each of the individual chapters. The Guide includes outputs from the workshops and several of the innovative transnational access projects that have been supported within HYDRALAB III, as well as the focussed joint research activities SANDS and CoMIBBS. Its primary purpose is to serve as a shared resource to disseminate the outstanding advances achieved within HYDRALAB III but, even more than this, it is a tribute to the human and institutional collaborations that led to and sustained the research advances, the human relationships that were strengthened and initiated through joint participation in the Programme, and the training opportunities that participation provided to the many young researchers engaged in the projects.

    Acronyms and Abbreviations
    List of symbols

    Rationale for the book
    Advantages and disadvantages of physical modelling
    Choice of facility
    General principles of scale modelling
    Layout of the book

    Application of wave models
    Selection of wave characteristics for model tests
    Wave generators and wave generation
    Planning and execution of tests
    Measurement and analysis of laboratory waves
    Data management
    Typical sources of errors
    Future work

    Model set-up and operation
    Analysis procedures
    Reporting procedures
    Future work

    Sediment dynamics
    Objectives and approach
    General principles
    Sediments and scaling laws
    Measuring and observation techniques
    Procedures for performance of tests
    Uncertainty assessment

    Ecological experiments
    Ecological perspective
    Hydraulic engineering perspective
    Experimental design
    Incorporating plants into physical models
    Incorporating small animals into physical models
    Linking physical models of ecology with numerical models and their extension to field data
    Summary conclusions and future challenges

    Composite modelling
    The concept of composite modelling
    Composite modelling technique case studies used in CoMIBBS
    Issues in applying composite modelling

    Subject Index


    Stuart J. McLelland, Lynne E. Frostick, T.G. Mercer