Users Guide to Physical Modelling and Experimentation: Experience of the HYDRALAB Network, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Users Guide to Physical Modelling and Experimentation

Experience of the HYDRALAB Network, 1st Edition

Edited by Lynne E. Frostick, Stuart J. McLelland, T.G. Mercer

CRC Press

272 pages

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A Users Guide to Hydraulic Modelling and Experimentation provides a systematic, comprehensive summary of the progress made through HYDRALAB III . The book combines the expertise of many of the leading hydraulic experimentalists in Europe and identifies current best practice for carrying out state-of-the-art, modern laboratory investigations. In addition it gives an inventory and reviews recent advances in instrumentation and equipment that drive present and new developments in the subject. The Guide concentrates on four core areas – waves, breakwaters, sediments and the relatively-new (but rapidly-developing) cross-disciplinary area of hydrodynamics/ecology. Progress made through the ‘CoMIBBS’ component of HYDRALAB III provides the material for a chapter focussed on guidance, principles and practice for composite modelling. There is detailed consideration of scaling and the degree of relevance of laboratory/physical modelling approaches for specific contexts included in each of the individual chapters. The Guide includes outputs from the workshops and several of the innovative transnational access projects that have been supported within HYDRALAB III, as well as the focussed joint research activities SANDS and CoMIBBS. Its primary purpose is to serve as a shared resource to disseminate the outstanding advances achieved within HYDRALAB III but, even more than this, it is a tribute to the human and institutional collaborations that led to and sustained the research advances, the human relationships that were strengthened and initiated through joint participation in the Programme, and the training opportunities that participation provided to the many young researchers engaged in the projects.

Table of Contents


Acronyms and Abbreviations

List of symbols




Rationale for the book

Advantages and disadvantages of physical modelling


Choice of facility

General principles of scale modelling

Layout of the book



Application of wave models

Selection of wave characteristics for model tests

Wave generators and wave generation

Planning and execution of tests

Measurement and analysis of laboratory waves

Data management

Typical sources of errors

Future work



Model set-up and operation

Analysis procedures

Reporting procedures

Future work

Sediment dynamics


Objectives and approach

General principles

Sediments and scaling laws

Measuring and observation techniques

Procedures for performance of tests



Uncertainty assessment


Ecological experiments


Ecological perspective

Hydraulic engineering perspective

Experimental design

Incorporating plants into physical models

Incorporating small animals into physical models

Linking physical models of ecology with numerical models and their extension to field data

Summary conclusions and future challenges

Composite modelling


The concept of composite modelling

Composite modelling technique case studies used in CoMIBBS

Issues in applying composite modelling



Subject Index

About the Series

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An important function of any large international organisation representing the research, educational and practical components of its wide and varied membership is to disseminate the best elements of its discipline through learned works, specialised research publications and timely reviews. IAHR is particularly well-served in this regard by its flagship journals and the extensive and wide body of substantive historical and reflective books that have been published through its auspices over the years. The IAHR Book Series is an initiative of IAHR, in partnership with CRC Press/Balkema-Taylor & Francis Group, aimed at presenting the state-of-the-art in themes relating to all areas of hydro-environment engineering and research.
The Book Series will assist researchers and professionals working in research and practice by bridging the knowledge gap and by improving knowledge transfer among groups involved in research, education and development. This Book Series includes Design Manuals and Monographs. The Design Manuals contain practical works, theory applied to practice based on multi-authors' work; the Monographs cover reference works, theoretical and state of the art works.

Peter A. Davies, Series Editor

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / Dams & Reservoirs