A Users Guide to Hydraulic Modelling and Experimentation provides a systematic, comprehensive summary of the progress made through HYDRALAB III . The book combines the expertise of many of the leading hydraulic experimentalists in Europe and identifies current best practice for carrying out state-of-the-art, modern laboratory investigations. In addition it gives an inventory and reviews recent advances in instrumentation and equipment that drive present and new developments in the subject. The Guide concentrates on four core areas – waves, breakwaters, sediments and the relatively-new (but rapidly-developing) cross-disciplinary area of hydrodynamics/ecology. Progress made through the ‘CoMIBBS’ component of HYDRALAB III provides the material for a chapter focussed on guidance, principles and practice for composite modelling. There is detailed consideration of scaling and the degree of relevance of laboratory/physical modelling approaches for specific contexts included in each of the individual chapters. The Guide includes outputs from the workshops and several of the innovative transnational access projects that have been supported within HYDRALAB III, as well as the focussed joint research activities SANDS and CoMIBBS. Its primary purpose is to serve as a shared resource to disseminate the outstanding advances achieved within HYDRALAB III but, even more than this, it is a tribute to the human and institutional collaborations that led to and sustained the research advances, the human relationships that were strengthened and initiated through joint participation in the Programme, and the training opportunities that participation provided to the many young researchers engaged in the projects.
Acronyms and Abbreviations
List of symbols
Rationale for the book
Advantages and disadvantages of physical modelling
Choice of facility
General principles of scale modelling
Layout of the book
Application of wave models
Selection of wave characteristics for model tests
Wave generators and wave generation
Planning and execution of tests
Measurement and analysis of laboratory waves
Typical sources of errors
Model set-up and operation
Objectives and approach
Sediments and scaling laws
Measuring and observation techniques
Procedures for performance of tests
Hydraulic engineering perspective
Incorporating plants into physical models
Incorporating small animals into physical models
Linking physical models of ecology with numerical models and their extension to field data
Summary conclusions and future challenges
The concept of composite modelling
Composite modelling technique case studies used in CoMIBBS
Issues in applying composite modelling
IAHR Book Series Discount
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Aims & Scope
An important function of any large international organisation representing the research, educational and practical components of its wide and varied membership is to disseminate the best elements of its discipline through learned works, specialised research publications and timely reviews. IAHR is particularly well-served in this regard by its flagship journals and the extensive and wide body of substantive historical and reflective books that have been published through its auspices over the years. The IAHR Book Series is an initiative of IAHR, in partnership with CRC Press/Balkema-Taylor & Francis Group, aimed at presenting the state-of-the-art in themes relating to all areas of hydro-environment engineering and research.
The Book Series will assist researchers and professionals working in research and practice by bridging the knowledge gap and by improving knowledge transfer among groups involved in research, education and development. This Book Series includes Design Manuals and Monographs. The Design Manuals contain practical works, theory applied to practice based on multi-authors' work; the Monographs cover reference works, theoretical and state of the art works.
Peter A. Davies, Series Editor