1st Edition

Users Guide to Physical Modelling and Experimentation
Experience of the HYDRALAB Network





ISBN 9780415609128
Published May 20, 2011 by CRC Press
272 Pages

USD $125.00

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Book Description

A Users Guide to Hydraulic Modelling and Experimentation provides a systematic, comprehensive summary of the progress made through HYDRALAB III . The book combines the expertise of many of the leading hydraulic experimentalists in Europe and identifies current best practice for carrying out state-of-the-art, modern laboratory investigations. In addition it gives an inventory and reviews recent advances in instrumentation and equipment that drive present and new developments in the subject. The Guide concentrates on four core areas – waves, breakwaters, sediments and the relatively-new (but rapidly-developing) cross-disciplinary area of hydrodynamics/ecology. Progress made through the ‘CoMIBBS’ component of HYDRALAB III provides the material for a chapter focussed on guidance, principles and practice for composite modelling. There is detailed consideration of scaling and the degree of relevance of laboratory/physical modelling approaches for specific contexts included in each of the individual chapters. The Guide includes outputs from the workshops and several of the innovative transnational access projects that have been supported within HYDRALAB III, as well as the focussed joint research activities SANDS and CoMIBBS. Its primary purpose is to serve as a shared resource to disseminate the outstanding advances achieved within HYDRALAB III but, even more than this, it is a tribute to the human and institutional collaborations that led to and sustained the research advances, the human relationships that were strengthened and initiated through joint participation in the Programme, and the training opportunities that participation provided to the many young researchers engaged in the projects.

Table of Contents

Foreword
Acronyms and Abbreviations
List of symbols
Contributors

Introduction
Introduction
Rationale for the book
Advantages and disadvantages of physical modelling
Audience
Choice of facility
General principles of scale modelling
Layout of the book

Waves
Introduction
Application of wave models
Selection of wave characteristics for model tests
Wave generators and wave generation
Planning and execution of tests
Measurement and analysis of laboratory waves
Data management
Typical sources of errors
Future work

Breakwaters
Introduction
Model set-up and operation
Analysis procedures
Reporting procedures
Future work

Sediment dynamics
Introduction
Objectives and approach
General principles
Sediments and scaling laws
Measuring and observation techniques
Procedures for performance of tests
Results
Reporting
Uncertainty assessment
Examples

Ecological experiments
Introduction
Ecological perspective
Hydraulic engineering perspective
Experimental design
Incorporating plants into physical models
Incorporating small animals into physical models
Linking physical models of ecology with numerical models and their extension to field data
Summary conclusions and future challenges

Composite modelling
Introduction
The concept of composite modelling
Composite modelling technique case studies used in CoMIBBS
Issues in applying composite modelling

References
Bibliography
Subject Index

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