Ethics, Risk, and Decision-Making
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Incommensurability is the impossibility to determine how two options relate to each other in terms of conventional comparative relations. This book features new research on incommensurability from philosophers who have shaped the field into what it is today, including John Broome, Ruth Chang and Wlodek Rabinowicz.
The book covers four aspects relating to incommensurability. In the first part, the contributors synthesize research on the competing views of how to best explain incommensurability. Part II illustrates how incommensurability can help us deal with seemingly insurmountable problems in ethical theory and population ethics. The contributors address the Repugnant Conclusion, the Mere Addition Paradox and so-called Spectrum Arguments. The chapters in Part III outline and summarize problems caused by incommensurability for decision theory. Finally, Part IV tackles topics related to risk, uncertainty and incommensurability.
Value Incommensurability: Ethics, Risk, and Decision-Making will be of interest to researchers and advanced students working in ethical theory, decision theory, action theory, and philosophy of economics.
Table of Contents
Henrik Andersson and Anders Herlitz
Part I: Accounts of Incommensurability
1. Incommensurability is Vagueness
2. Are Hard Cases Vague Cases?
3. Parity without Imprecise Equality
Part II: Incommensurability and Ethical Theory
4. On "Incommensurability,"Discontinuity," and the Repugnant Conclusion: "Imprecise Equality" or Vagueness?
5. Spectrum Arguments, Indeterminacy, and Value Superiority
6. Incommensurability and Vagueness in Population Axiology
Part III: Incommensurability and Decision Theory
7. Nondeterminacy and Reasonable Choice
8. Cross-Categorical Value Comparisons
9. What Does Incommensurability Tell Us about Agency?
Part IV: Incommensurability, Risk and Uncertainty
10. Incommensurability Meets Risk
11. Incommensurability That Can(not) Be ignored
12. Hard Choices Made Harder
Henrik Andersson is a postdoc at Lund University. His research has had a focus on value theory and especially the phenomenon of value incommensurability. In his current research project, he applies recent results from value theory in order to address the hard choices we face when we aim to combat climate change.
Anders Herlitz is a researcher at the Institute for Futures Studies in Stockholm. His research focuses on comparability problems and rational choice, especially in relation to distributive theory. He is currently working on a monograph addressing how to distribute scarce health resources.