1st Edition

Visible Learning A Synthesis of Over 800 Meta-Analyses Relating to Achievement

By John Hattie Copyright 2009
    392 Pages
    by Routledge

    392 Pages
    by Routledge

    This unique and ground-breaking book is the result of 15 years research and synthesises over 800 meta-analyses on the influences on achievement in school-aged students. It builds a story about the power of teachers, feedback, and a model of learning and understanding. The research involves many millions of students and represents the largest ever evidence based research into what actually works in schools to improve learning. Areas covered include the influence of the student, home, school, curricula, teacher, and teaching strategies. A model of teaching and learning is developed based on the notion of visible teaching and visible learning.

    A major message is that what works best for students is similar to what works best for teachers – an attention to setting challenging learning intentions, being clear about what success means, and an attention to learning strategies for developing conceptual understanding about what teachers and students know and understand.

    Although the current evidence based fad has turned into a debate about test scores, this book is about using evidence to build and defend a model of teaching and learning. A major contribution is a fascinating benchmark/dashboard for comparing many innovations in teaching and schools.


    Chapter 1 The challenge

    Chapter 2 The nature of the evidence: A synthesis of meta-analyses

    Chapter 3 The argument: Visible teaching and visible learning

    Chapter 4: The contributions from the student

    Chapter 5 The contributions from the home

    Chapter 6 The contributions from the school

    Chapter 7 The contributions from the teacher

    Chapter 8 The contributions from the curricula

    Chapter 9 The contributions from teaching approaches - I

    Chapter 10 The contributions from teaching approaches - II

    Chapter 11: Bringing it all together

    Appendix A: The 800 meta-analyses

    Appendix B: The meta-analyses by rank order



    John Hattie is Professor of Education and Director of the Visible Learning Labs, University of Auckland, New Zealand.

    "It is perhaps education's equivalent to the search for the Holy Grail - or the answer to life, the universe and everything." --Times Educational Supplement, November 21, 2008

    "Visible Learning is the definitive book on sorting out the effectiveness of teaching strategies — a must read for those who want to improve teaching and learning."--Michael Fullan, May 2009

    "John Hattie’s Visible Learning is a splendid book for educators and scholars…Education researchers have steadily accumulated many findings, which have been synthesized during the last few decades. Hattie must have engaged in a huge effort to bring these syntheses together in this book, but enables its readers to plan new research as well as educational practice."--Herbert J. Walberg, Education Review, September 2009