Visible Learning Guide to Student Achievement critically examines the major influences shaping student achievement today. A revision of theInternational Guide to Student Achievement, this updated edition provides readers with a more accessible compendium of research summaries – with a particular focus on the school sector. As educators throughout the world seek to enhance learning, the information contained in this book provides practitioners and policymakers with relevant material and research-based instructional strategies that can be readily applied in classrooms and schools to maximize achievement. Rich in information and empirically supported research, it contains seven sections, each of which begins with an insightful synthesis of major findings and relevant updates from the literature since the publication of the first Guide. These are followed by key entries, all of which have been recently revised by the authors to reflect research developments. The sections conclude with user-friendly tables that succinctly identify the main influences on achievement and practical implications for educators. Written by world-renowned bestselling authors John Hattie and Eric M. Anderman, this book is an indispensable reference for any teacher, school leader and parent wanting to maximize learning in our schools.
Chapter 1. Understanding Achievement Chapter 2. Influences from the Student 2.1 Gender Influences 2.2 Learning Difficulties in School 2.3 Indigenous and Other Minoritized Students 2.4 Personality Influences – The Big 5 and Achievement 2.5 Motivation Summary Table: Influences from the Student Chapter 3. Influences from the Home 3.1 Home Environemnt 3.2 Socioeconomic Status and Student Achievement 3.3 Parent Involvement in Learning Summary Table: Influences from the Home Chapter 4. Influences from the School 4.1 Ability Grouping 4.2 Class Size 4.3 Financing Schools 4.4 Influences of School Layout and Design on Student Achievement 4.5 Middle School Transitions Summary Table: Influences from the School Chapter 5. Influences from Teachers and Classrooms 5.1 Homework and Academic Achievement 5.2 The Role of Formative Assessment in Student Achievement 5.3 Collaboration in the Classroom 5.4 Pedagogical Content Knowledge 5.5 Emotion and Achievement in the Classroom 5.6 Teacher-Student Relationships 5.7 Classroom Management and Student Achievement 5.8 Academic Motivation and Achievement in Classrooms 5.9 Nontraditional Teacher Preparation Summary Table: Influences from Teachers and Classrooms Chapter 6. Influences from the Curriculum 6.1 Successful Mathematics Achievement Is Attainable 6.2 Bilingual Education Programs and Student Achievement 6.3 Language Teaching Curricula 6.4 Response to Intervention and Multi-Tiered Systems of Supports 6.5 Writing Instruction 6.6 Role of Discussion in Reading Comprehension 6.7 Achievement in Adolescent Health Education Summary Table: Influences from the Curriculum Chapter 7. Influences from Teaching Strategies 7.1 Metacognitive Strategies 7.2 The Role of Questions in Academic Achievement 7.3 Teacher Immediacy 7.4 Problem-Based Learning 7.5 Direct Instruction 7.6 Goal Orientation 7.7 Multimedia Learning 7.8 Reciprocal Teaching 7.9 Technology-Supported Learning and Academic Achievement 7.10 Study Skills 7.11 Problem Solving Summary Table: Influences from Teaching Strategies