Visible Learning: The Sequel : A Synthesis of Over 2,100 Meta-Analyses Relating to Achievement book cover
1st Edition

Visible Learning: The Sequel
A Synthesis of Over 2,100 Meta-Analyses Relating to Achievement

ISBN 9781032462035
Published March 20, 2023 by Routledge
510 Pages 383 Color Illustrations

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Book Description

When the original Visible Learning® was published in 2008, it instantly became a publishing sensation. Interest in the book was unparalleled; it sold out in days and was described by the TES as revealing "teaching’s Holy Grail". Now John Hattie returns to this ground-breaking work. The research underlying this book is now informed by more than 2,100 meta-analyses (more than double that of the original), drawn from more than 130,000 studies, and has involved more than 400 million students from all around the world.

But this is more than just a new edition. This book is a sequel that highlights the major story, taking in the big picture to reflect on the implementation in schools of Visible Learning, how it has been understood – and at times misunderstood – and what future directions research should take.

Visible Learning: The Sequel reiterates the author’s desire to move beyond claiming what works to what works best by asking crucial questions such as: Why is the current grammar of schooling so embedded in so many classrooms, and can we improve it? Why is the learning curve for teachers after the first few years so flat? How can we develop teacher mind-frames to focus more on learning and listening? How can we incorporate research evidence as part of the discussions within schools?

Areas covered include:

  • The evidence base and reactions to Visible Learning
  • The Visible Learning model
  • The intentional alignment of learning and teaching strategies
  • The influence of home, students, teachers, classrooms, schools, learning, and curriculum on achievement
  • The impact of technology

Building upon the success of the original, this highly anticipated sequel expands Hattie’s model of teaching and learning based on evidence of impact and is essential reading for anyone involved in the field of education either as a researcher, teacher, student, school leader, teacher trainer, or policy maker.

Table of Contents



Chapter 1: The Challenge

Chapter 2: Meta-analysis and criticisms of Visible Learning

Chapter 3: The Model

Chapter 4: Implementing the Intentional Alignment VL Model

Chapter 5: Students

Chapter 6: The Home and Family

Chapter 7: School and Society

Chapter 8: Classroom effects

Chapter 9: The Teacher

Chapter 10: The Curriculum

Chapter 11: Teaching with Intent

Chapter 12: Learning Strategies

Chapter 13: Teaching Strategies

Chapter 14: Implementations using Technologies

Chapter 15: Whole-school and Out-of-school Influences

Chapter 16: Conclusions

Appendix A

Appendix B


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John Hattie is Emeritus Laureate Professor at the Graduate School of Education, University of Melbourne, Australia. He is one of the world’s best-known and most widely read education experts, and his Visible Learning series of books have been translated into 29 different languages and have sold over 2 million copies.


'Reveals teaching's Holy Grail'

The Times Educational Supplement