1st Edition

Water Projects and Technologies in Asia Historical Perspectives

Edited By Hyoseop Woo, Hitoshi Tanaka, Gregory De Costa, Juan Lu Copyright 2023
    366 Pages 233 Color Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This book is a collection of highly refined articles on historical water projects and traditional water technologies of international interest in the Asian region, addressing information on past water projects (mostly before the 20th century) in the Asian regions that are technically and culturally of interest and educationally valuable.

    This book explores historical water projects in these regions, presenting technologies used at the time, including calculation and forecasting methods, measurement, material, labor, methodologies, and even water culture. It is expected that the old Asian wisdom of "reviewing the old and learning the new" would be realized to a certain extent in modern planning and practice of water projects.

    This book will enable the reader to understand historical water projects and technologies in the Asian region. It can be used as a one-stop resource to source notable Asian water projects and their relevance to modern-day technology. In this regard, this book is expected to be of interest to a variety of audiences, including the corresponding Asian regions and other international audiences interested in Asian water history from an engineering perspective.

    1 A historical review of the relationship between human society and water in Asia – an engineering perspective: An introduction
    Hyoseop Woo

    PART 1 Historical water projects and traditional water technologies in China

    2 The Chinese water culture: An analytical literature review
    Juan Lu

    3 Sustainability of Chinese civilization and historical irrigation projects
    Xuming Tan

    4 Dujiangyan irrigation system and its over 2,200 years of sustainable development
    Jiangang Liu, Bo Zhou, Jun Deng, Xiaoming Jiang, Xuming Tan, and Jianzhao Guan

    5 Zhuji Shadoof Irrigation System and heritage values
    Yunpeng Li, Xuming Tan, Shushu Guo, Keping Fu, Changhai Zhou, and Changrong Zhou

    6 Introduction of the Beijing–Hangzhou Grand Canal and analysis of its heritage values
    Jingdong Cai and Jing Peng

    7 Tuoshan Weir: An ancient estuarial river regulation project
    Tibing Xu, Hanbin Gu, Chengcheng Wang, and Zhichao Yin

    PART II Historical water projects and traditional water technologies in Japan

    8 Civil Engineering Heritage Award in Japan
    Hitoshi Tanaka and Nobuyuki Tamai

    9 Sustainable development of Sayama-ike reservoir: The historical value in East Asia
    Tetsuya Sumi and Koichi Koyamada

    10 Why all the tributaries of the Chikugo River flow into the old main streambed even after the cut-off channels were constructed
    Koichiro Ohgushi and Wataru Kawahara

    11 Effect of open dyke for flood disaster mitigation in Kyoto
    Taisuke Ishigaki, Michiko Hayashi, and Ryuji Kawanaka

    12 Flood control strategy in Japan during the Edo period (the early 17th to mid-19th century)
    Tadaharu Ishikawa, Ryosuke Akoh, and Hiroshi Senoo

    13 Changes in the historical river course and related flood risk in the Arakawa River basin in Japan and the role of still-existing secondary embankments in the recent 2019 flooding event
    Norio Tanaka and Yoshiya Igarashi

    14 Teizan Canal: History and its effectiveness for tsunami energy reduction
    Hitoshi Tanaka, Nguyen Xuan Tinh, and Kiyoshi Hashimoto

    15 Major restorations in main channels and the inverted siphon of Tatsumi Aqueduct
    Nobuyuki Tamai, Masaru Kitaura, Toshikazu Ikemoto, and Haruhiko Todo

    PART III Historical water projects and traditional water technologies in Korea

    16 Kingdom age irrigation for paddy farming under monsoon in Korea
    Jin-Yong Choi

    17 Reconstruction of the 1855 extreme flood and historical flood mitigation projects in the capital of Joseon Dynasty, Korea
    Hyeonjun Kim and Cheolhee Jang

    18 Technographical review of embankments for dams and levees in Joseon Dynasty (1392–1910), Korea
    Un Ji and Hyoseop Woo

    19 The ancient instrumental hydrological measurement device, Chugugi and Supyo, in Joseon Dynasty, Korea
    Hyeonjun Kim and Cheolsang Yoo

    PART IV Historical water projects and traditional water technologies in South Asia

    20 An overview of irrigation practices in Punjab
    Vivek L. Manekar and Ritica Thakur

    21 Water heritage of ancient Sri Lanka
    Gregory S. De Costa and Ruwan Rajapakse

    22 Physical modeling of flow in the ancient inlet sluice barrel of Nuwara wewa reservoir, Sri Lanka
    G. N. Paranavithana, R. S. Ranasinghe, J. M. Jayasundara, H. W. Harindra, and W. D. Ranasinghe

    PART V Historical water projects and traditional water technologies in Southeast Asia

    23 Water use of flood in Cambodia
    So Kazama

    24 From irrigation perspective to disaster risk reduction using nature-based solution: The Rangsit Canal, Chao Phraya River basin, Thailand
    Sutat Weesakul, Uruya Weesakul, Phruetthiphong Thatanchuleekun, and Sirapee Ditthabumrung

    25 Agriculture irrigation development in Kedah, Malaysia: Strengthen the linkage between national food and water security
    Nik Kun Nik Man, Noor Effarizan Ismail, Nor Azazi Zakaria, and Chun Kiat Chang

    26 Subak irrigation system: A heritage of a sustainable hydro-environment
    Pujianiki N. Nyoman, Radianta Triatmadja, Djoko Legono, and Fatchan Nurrochmad

    27 (Special contribution) Water culture of the people in Uzbekistan: Ancient traditions, structures, and modern global problems
    Yulduz A. Ergasheva and Alisher N. Khazratov


    Hyoseop Woo is currently a (Industry-cooperation) Professor at Sejong University, Seoul, Korea. Research interests are river hydraulics, including sedimentation engineering, ecohydraulics, and NbS. He was a co-chair of the special sessions of “Historical water projects and traditional water technologies in the Asian region” in the three IAHR-APD Congresses from 2016 to 2021. Presently working as a Vice President of IAHR

    Hitoshi Tanaka is presently in the position of President-appointed Extraordinary Professor at Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan. Served as a chairman of IAHR-APD from 2011 to 2014 and a council member of IAHR from 2013 to 2017. Research interests are fluid mechanics such as turbulent wave boundary layers, related sediment movement, and resulting morpho-dynamics in coastal and estuarine environments. Study sites are not limited to Japan but cover other regions worldwide, such as Vietnam, Thailand, Korea, Indonesia, Oman, Bolivia, etc.

    Gregory De Costa is presently in the position of Principal Academic Engineering, Open Polytechnic of New Zealand, Chartered Engineer, and Fellow of Engineering New Zealand. Research interests are climate change, salinity intrusion, water projects in Sri Lanka and other regions, ancient technologies, and water resources management. Presently working as Chair of IAHR-Asia Pacific Division from 2019.

    Juan Lu is currently a Professor at China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing, China. Research interests are water history and culture, flood control and drought reduction, Pesently working as Director of Research Center of flood control and drought disaster reduction, Ministry of Water Resources, China.