This book covers how to analyze awkward working postures, particularly of the spine and lower limbs, in specific groups exposed. The methods covered suggests how to evaluate the postures correctly, taking account of the duration and sequence of the tasks involved, even in very complex scenarios where workers are involved with multiple tasks and work cycles varying from day to day. Excel spreadsheets located on the authors’ website (www.epmresearch.org) have been developed to gather, condense, and automatically process the data. The tools serve to implement the strategy for calculating risk associated with exposure to awkward postures, i.e. the TACOS method. Included are 5 case studies which include physiotherapists, workers from construction, archaeological digs, vineyards, and kindergarten teachers.
Introduction and Aim. Methods for Evaluating Working Postures in International Standards: ISO 11226 (2000)—Evaluation of Static Working Postures and EN 1005-4 (2005)—Evaluation of Working Postures and Movements in Relation to Machinery. Working Posture Assessment Criteria and Principal Methods Reported in the Literature: A Comparison. The TACOs Method: Methods, Criteria, and Applications of Single-Task Jobs. Timed Score Calculation Methods in Multitask Exposure Scenarios. Simple Tools for Using the TACOs Method to Assess Postures:An Example of a Multitask Job in a Daily Cycle. Simple Tools for Using the TACOs Method to Assess Postures:An Example of a Multitask Job in a Weekly/Monthly Cycle. Simple Tools for Using the TACOs Method to Assess Postures: An Example of a Multitask Job in an Annual Cycle. The Physiotherapist: Example of an Analysis of Biomechanical Overload of the Upper Limbs and Awkward Postures of the Spine and Lower Limbs among Professionals in an Orthopedic Clinic.The Construction Worker: Example of Biomechanical Overload of the Upper Limbs and Awkward Postures of the Spine and Lower Limbs in Several Typical Tasks. Multitask Analysis among Workers at Archaeological Digs. Analysis of Back and Lower Limb Postures among Childcare Center Staff. Biomechanical Overload and Awkward Postures among Vineyard Workers: Risk Analysis.Conclusions. Bibliography.