1st Edition

Youth Climate Courts How You Can Host a Human Rights Trial for People and Planet

By Thomas A. Kerns Copyright 2022
    124 Pages
    by Routledge

    124 Pages
    by Routledge

    This book focuses on Youth Climate Courts, a bold new tool that young people in their teens and twenties can use to compel their local city or county government to live up to its human rights obligations, formally acknowledge the climate crisis, and take major steps to address it.

    Tom Kerns shows how youth climate leaders can form their own local Youth Climate Court, with youth judges, youth prosecuting attorneys, and youth jury members, and put their local city or county government on trial for not meeting its human rights obligations. Kerns describes how a Youth Climate Court works, how to start one, what human rights are, what they require of local governments, and what governmental changes a Youth Climate Court can realistically hope to accomplish. The book offers young activists a brand new, user-friendly, cost-free, barrier-free, powerful tool for forcing local governments to come to terms with their obligation to protect the rights of their citizens with respect to the climate crisis.

    This book offers a unique new tool to young climate activists hungry for genuinely effective ways to directly move governments to aggressively address the climate crisis.


    Dear Reader



    The plight of the young

    Brief overview of Youth Climate Courts

    Purposes of Youth Climate Courts

    How to read this book

    Chapter 1: How Does a Youth Climate Court Work?

    Why conduct a Youth Climate Court?

    Whom should Youth Courts put on trial?

    Roles on the Youth Climate Court team

    The youth judge

    The question to be decided

    The youth prosecuting team

    The youth liaison for the government representative to the court

    Youth jury members

    Media organizer (for news reporters, bloggers, social media, etc)

    Video-recording organizer

    Adult advisor or mentor?

    But will governments even show up?

    Youth Climate Courts’ teeth

    The prosecutor’s argument

    The verdict

    If not guilty

    If guilty, the court’s mandate

    Issuing a mandate

    Mandate options

      1. Restorative justice process
      2. Climate Emergency and Climate Action Plan
      3. Climate-in-all-policies rule
      4. Climate Action Plan with climate-in-all-policies included
      5. Endorse Declaration on Human Rights and Climate Change
      6. Add climate language or amendment to founding document
      7. Divest city or county investments from fossil fuel corporations
      8. Artistic installations
      9. Any combination of the above

    Climate emergency declarations

    Climate Action Plans

    International Coalition of Youth Courts

    Basic steps in the process of developing a Youth Climate Court

    Adaptable, flexible, malleable, innovative

    Chapter 2: What Are Human Rights?

    What are human rights?

    Modern history of human rights

    Human rights as moral and legal standards

    Why human rights?

    The purpose of governments

    Human rights obligations of governments

    Tools available in human rights advocacy

    Telling the story

    Claiming moral authority with Human Rights Assessments, reports, Tribunal and Inquiry findings

    Exercising moral power: Inquiries, Tribunals, Youth Climate Courts

    The power of the moral

    Chapter 3: Which Specific Human Rights?

    Environmental Justice

    Right to life

    Right to health

    Right to an adequate standard of living

    Right to food

    Right to water and sanitation

    Rights of the child

    Rights of vulnerable populations

    The Right of Indigenous Peoples to Own, Use, Develop, and Control Traditional Lands and Water

    Right to a healthy environment

    Human Rights documents

    Coda: Youth interventions for an addicted world


      1. The Declaration on Human Rights and Climate Change
      2. The Restorative Justice Only Option
      3. A Note on Rights of Nature
      4. Measures that local governments should consider including in their Climate Action Plans
      5. Potential risks to youth organizers?



    Tom Kerns is Director of Environment and Human Rights Advisory and Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at North Seattle College, USA. His work brings human rights norms to bear on environmental issues, especially on the climate crisis. In 2015 he served on the drafting group for the international "Declaration on Human Rights and Climate Change", and from 2014 until 2018 he co-organized the 2018 Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal Session on Human Rights, Fracking and Climate Change. He is co-editor, with Kathleen Dean Moore, of Bearing Witness: The Human Rights Case Against Fracking and Climate Change (2021), a book based on the testimony and findings in that Tribunal.

    “This little book is an empowering guide. It sets out a clear way for young people (and others) to hold governments and corporations to account for failures to take the climate crisis seriously. This powerful little book breaks new ground, offering a cost-free, barrier-free tool for activism. I highly recommend it! Go, set up a youth climate court, call power to account using this unique way of taking action. Do it everywhere.”

    Anna Grear, Founder and first Director of the Global Network for the Study of Human Rights and the Environment, and Professor of Law at Cardiff University, UK

    "Youth Climate Courts: How You Can Host a Human Rights Trial for People and Planet is a small but powerful guide for young people to use as one way to encourage their local city or regional governments to account for their human rights obligations, formally acknowledge the climate crisis and its impacts on a range of human rights and take steps to address it. This is the first practical guidebook to support and inspire inter>generational climate action written especially for young people."

    Judith Preston, Journal of Energy & Natural Resources Law