Currently, Berends is conducting several studies on school choice, including an examination of the nation’s largest school voucher program, parent decision making and satisfaction in a lottery-based study of charter schools, and how in-school enabling conditions and classroom instruction are related to student achievement gains in charter, private, and traditional public schools. Berends serves on numerous editorial boards, technical panels, and policy forums. He is a Fellow of the American Educational Research Association and a former vice president of the American Educational Research Association's Division L, Educational Policy and Politics. He is a former co-editor of AERA’s American Educational Research Journal and of Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis. He also served as the AERA Program Chair for the 2014 annual meeting. His latest books are School Choice and School Improvement (Harvard Education Press, 2011), School Choice at the Crossroads: Research Perspectives (Routledge, 2019), the Handbook of Research on School Choice, 1st and 2nd Editions (Routledge, 2009, 2020), and the International Handbook of the Sociology of Education (SAGE, forthcoming).