ASHRAF M. SALAMA Author of Evaluating Organization Development
FEATURED AUTHOR

ASHRAF M. SALAMA

Professor of Architecture, Director of CRAUCGS
University of Strathclyde Glasgow UK

Professor Ashraf M. Salama is Chair in Architecture at University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK and Head of the School of Architecture (2014-2020). He has published over 170 outputs in the international refereed press; authored and co-edited 12 books. He is the chief editor of the Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research and Open House international. He is the UIA 2017 Recipient of Jean Tschumi Prize for Excellence in Architectural Education and Criticism.

Biography

Ashraf M. Salama  is academic, scholar, and Chair Professor in Architecture. He is Professor of Architecture  at the University of Strathclyde Glasgow, UK and Head of School of Architecture (2014-2020). Professor Salama was the Founding Head of the Department of Architecture and Urban Planning at Qatar University (2009-2014). Earlier, he has held permanent, tenured, and visiting positions in Egypt (Misr International University and Al-Azhar University), Italy (University of Naples_Federico II), Saudi Arabia (King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals), and the United Kingdom (Queen's University Belfast).

Professor Salama has published over 170 outputs in the international refereed press; authored and co-edited 12 books. He is the Chief Editor of ArchNet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research and Open House International, editorial board member for International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment, International Journal of Islamic Architecture, Smart and Sustainable Built Environment, among several others. He is a regular reviewer for numerous international journals including Fabrications, Journal of Urbanism, Habitat International, Cities, Journal of Design Research, Journal of Architectural Education, and Urban Design and Planning. He also serves on the scientific and review boards of several international organisations in North America, Europe, and South East Asia.

Professor Salama chaired and led three schools of architecture over the past 20 years in Egypt, Qatar, and the United Kingdom. He is a licensed architect in Egypt since 1987 and has practiced in Egypt (1987-92) and was the Director of Research and Consulting at Adams Group Architects, Charlotte, North Carolina, USA. He has been a consultant to a number of Authorities in Egypt and development agencies in the Gulf region and international development organisations in Switzerland and the USA.

Areas of Research / Professional Expertise

    ____
    - Academician, Academy of Urbanism (AOU) since 2019;
    - Fellow Royal Society of the Arts (FRSA) since 2009;
    - Fellow Higher Education Academy (FHEA-Recognition Scheme) since 2009;
    - Affiliate Member RIBA since 2008;
    - Licensed Architect (Egypt/Middle East) since 1987.
    ____
    My research interests and experience cross the boundaries of disciplines and involve theories and methodologies of design studio teaching in architecture and urban design; typological transformations in traditional architecture/urban spaces; sustainable design processes; environmentally sustainable tourism development; sustainable schools; workplace environmental quality; assessing designed environments from socio-cultural and users' perspectives; adaptive urbanism and the spatial practice of cultural groups within cities; livability and diversity in urban environments; and investigating architecture and urbanism in emerging cities in the global south.

    My academic experience includes teaching courses on architectural programming/briefing, design methods and theories, applications of socio-behavioural studies in design, sustainable urban conservation, and architectural, urban, and community design studios. My teaching places emphasis on evidence-based design, critical inquiry, and active and experiential learning.  My position in teaching is that architectural education is not simply the imparting of knowledge and skills necessary for practice, but it involves the development of values, ideologies, and cultural and philosophical positions. My teaching emphasises that future professionals need to be able to comprehend the environment as having multiple realities by understanding values, preferences, and lifestyles of people, as individuals and in groupings—people who will perceive, live, learn, work, and entertain in those environments.

Websites

Books

Featured Title
 Featured Title - Spatial Design Education - 1st Edition book cover

Articles

Open House International

Polyphonic narratives for built environment research


Published: Jun 10, 2020 by Open House International
Authors: Ashraf M. Salama and Yonca Hurol
Subjects: Built Environment, Urban Planning, Urban Studies, Art & Visual Culture

The purpose of this paper is to construct a series of narratives by assessing a selection of the key literature generated by Open House International (OHI) over a period of 15 years. The paper also presents a brief review of the latest developments of the journal while introducing concise observations on the articles published in this edition – Volume 45, Issues 1 and 2.

Open House International

Contemporary architecture of Cairo (1990–2020): mutational plurality of “ISMS”, decolonialism, and cosmopolitanism


Published: May 28, 2020 by Open House International
Authors: Marwa M. El-Ashmouni and Ashraf M. Salama
Subjects: Built Environment, History, Middle East Studies, Art & Visual Culture

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to develop an analytical account on the contemporary architecture of Cairo with emphasis on the past three decades, from the early 1990s to the present. The paper critically analyses narratives of the plurality of “isms”, within architectural vocabulary and discourse, that resulted from the contextual particularities that shaped it.

Emerald Open Research - Sustainable Cities gateway

Coronavirus questions that will not go away: interrogating urban and socio-spatial implications of COVID-19 measures


Published: Apr 16, 2020 by Emerald Open Research - Sustainable Cities gateway
Authors: Ashraf M. Salama
Subjects: Built Environment, Anthropology - Soc Sci, Environment and Sustainability, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

The primary objective of this article is to instigate a discourse about the potential contribution of architecture and urban design and planning in generating knowledge that responds to pressing questions about future considerations of post pandemic architecture and urbanism. Methodologically, the discussion is based on a trans-disciplinary framework, which is utilised for conceptual analysis and is operationalised by identifying and discoursing design and planning implications.

Journal of Urban Planning and Development

Identification and analysis of land use change in Doha downtown neighborhoods


Published: Feb 01, 2020 by Journal of Urban Planning and Development
Authors: Hatem Ibrahim, Ashraf M. Salama, Florian Wiedmann, Bassma Aboukalloub, Reem Awaad
Subjects: Built Environment, Middle East Studies, Environment and Sustainability, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

The main objective is to empirically investigate the dynamics of existing land uses of downtown neighborhoods. The study aims at exploring types of land activities and their existing conditions in the study area. The study provides useful insights and efficient planning preference for land use changes in downtown neighborhoods that occur due to the rapid urban growth not only in Doha but also in other emerging cities.

Journal of Architecture and Urbanism

Integrationist triadic agendas for city research: Cases from recent urban studies


Published: Nov 22, 2019 by Journal of Architecture and Urbanism
Authors: Ashraf M. Salama
Subjects: Built Environment, Urban Studies, Art & Visual Culture

thrust of this paper is to demonstrate the thought processes involved in instigating frameworks, raising questions, and establishing objectives for responsive city research. It aims to present two triadic agendas that untangle the essential components of city research; the first is the Lefebvrian triadic conception on the production of space and the second is the triadic perspective of lifestyles theories for understanding housing developments, typologies, and choices.

Journal of Urban Design

Investigating land use dynamics in emerging cities: the case of downtown neighbourhood in Doha


Published: Jul 15, 2019 by Journal of Urban Design
Authors: Hatem Ibrahim, Ashraf M. Salama, Florian Wiedmann, Bassma Aboukalloub, Reem Awaad,
Subjects: Built Environment, Middle East Studies, Environment and Sustainability, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

The study of land use dynamics in emerging cities will inform sustainable development in the future. Doha has witnessed urban transition phases. The study objectives are: (1) conduct a review of neighbourhood planning theories and (2) develop a prototype for downtown land use dynamics in emerging cities.

Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability

New housing patterns and spatial fragmentation in Gulf cities


Published: Jun 24, 2019 by Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability
Authors: Florian Wiedmann, Ashraf M. Salama, Hatem G. Ibrahim, Velina Mirincheva
Subjects: Built Environment, Middle East Studies, Environment and Sustainability, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

The key objective of this paper is to deliver an overview of new housing patterns and how they impact spatial fragmentation. To identify the spatial distribution of new housing typologies and to explore the recent transformation of urban fabrics, GIS analyses were carried out and Space Syntax models were developed in the case of Qatar’s capital, Doha. This is coupled with an analysis of the travel routes of 130 residents which were assessed to investigate key aspects related to fragmentation.

Urban, Planning and Transport Research

Investigating housing distribution for the expatriate population in Doha


Published: Jun 12, 2019 by Urban, Planning and Transport Research
Authors: Hatem Ibrahim, Ashraf M. Salama, Florian Wiedmann, Reem Awaad, Bassma Aboukalloub
Subjects: Built Environment, Middle East Studies, Environment and Sustainability, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

The objectives are to: 1) Investigate housing distribution for the expatriate population based on governmental regulations for the blue-collar, and housing preferences for the white-collar workers and 2) Develop a recommendation for expatriates’ housing distribution in Doha.

Open House International

Urban performance between the imagined, the measured, and the experienced


Published: Apr 01, 2019 by Open House International
Authors: Ashraf M. Salama and David Grierson
Subjects: Built Environment, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

A multitude of diverse attributes is required for effective urban performance at various scales ranging from the immediate context of public buildings to central urban spaces, and from urban corridors to residential neighbourhoods. The guest editors frame these qualities under a cycle of three main symbiotic pillars: the imagined, the measured, and the experienced, which contribute to the development of insights that elucidate various parameters for exploring urban performance.

Open House International

Using auto-photography to explore young people's belonging and exclusion in urban spaces in Accra, Ghana


Published: Mar 31, 2019 by Open House International
Authors: Kristijn van Riel and Ashraf M. Salama
Subjects: Built Environment, Social Psychology, Environment and Sustainability, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

This paper examines young people’s ‘lived’ experience of urban spaces in Accra, the capital of Ghana, by focusing on the use of auto-photography as an appropriate method for this investigation. Accra has a very young population and low rates of employment among the young people, demographics that are often associated with societal instability and increased risk of civil conflict.

Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research

Prospects for research in architecture and urbanism


Published: Mar 18, 2019 by Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research
Authors: Ashraf M. Salama
Subjects: Education, Built Environment, Research Methods & Statistics, Environment and Sustainability, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

The purpose of this paper presents ephemeral observations on the papers published in Vol. 13 No. 1, March 2019. Establishing key characteristics of various types of research and the originality and values involved would enable engaged and enhanced contributions in architectural and urban research. The identification of themes stimulates the re-thinking of responsive concepts and issues of concerns while invigorating future research endeavors.

Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research

Methodological research in architecture and allied disciplines: Philosophical positions, frames of reference, and spheres of inquiry


Published: Mar 18, 2019 by Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research
Authors: Ashraf M. Salama
Subjects: Education, Built Environment, Environment and Sustainability, Urban Studies, Research Methods

The purpose of this paper is to contribute an inclusive insight into methodological research in architecture and allied disciplines and unravel aspects that include philosophical positions, frames of reference and spheres of inquiry.

International Journal of Islamic Architecture

Reflections on architectural education of the Muslim world within a global world


Published: Mar 01, 2019 by International Journal of Islamic Architecture
Authors: Ashraf M. Salama
Subjects: Education, Built Environment, Environment and Sustainability, Art & Visual Culture

This article is premised on more than three decades of research into architectural education and design pedagogy. It argues that architectural education in the Muslim world must be able to operate effectively within the global condition. It contends that the body of knowledge on architectural education can be enriched and its scope can be expanded when both historical and contemporary imperatives are clearly contextualized.

Martor

Cracks and light: observing the resilience of the history museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina


Published: Nov 10, 2018 by Martor
Authors: Selma Harrington, Branka Dimitrijevic, Ashraf M. Salama
Subjects: Built Environment, History, Media and Cultural Studies, Environment and Sustainability, Art & Visual Culture

This article is about the History Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina stands out. The paper firstly discusses the Museum in the context of current international developments and the aspects related to museum architecture. Secondly, the Museum is observed through a critical heritage lens and within phenomena of a deliberate destruction of heritage in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Charrette

From the global south: pedagogical encounters in architecture (editorial)


Published: Sep 15, 2018 by Charrette
Authors: Ashraf M. Salama
Subjects: Education, Built Environment, Environment and Sustainability, Art & Visual Culture

The aim of this issue is to contribute to the global debate on architectural education with a view to complement the discourse advanced in the Global North rather than to compete, compare or contest. Both the five research-based essays and project-based articles selected for this issue of Charrette deal with critical arguments and frameworks for architectural and urban design pedagogy in the Global South.

Neo-liberalism and the Architecture of the Post Professional Era

Post-professional architecture and academia: foreword


Published: Apr 30, 2018 by Neo-liberalism and the Architecture of the Post Professional Era
Authors: Ashraf M. Salama
Subjects: Education, Built Environment, Art & Visual Culture

Architecture is an integral part of human activities and affects everyday experiences and actions. Today architects must face and respond to the challenge of creating built environments that support, nurture, enrich, and celebrate human activities. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-76267-8

Journal of International Migration and Integration

Migrant Knowledge Workers’ Perceptions of Housing Conditions in Gulf Cities


Published: Feb 15, 2018 by Journal of International Migration and Integration
Authors: Ashraf M. Salama, Florian Wiedmann, Hatem G. Ibrahim
Subjects: Built Environment, Media and Cultural Studies, Middle East Studies, Environment and Sustainability, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

This paper aims to investigate the current housing conditions and perceptions of these migrant communities to identify key similarities and differences with respect to housing made available to them and depending on their cultural background.

Journal of Architecture and Urbanism

Lifestyle trends and housing typologies in emerging multicultural cities


Published: Dec 26, 2017 by Journal of Architecture and Urbanism
Authors: Ashraf M. Salama, Florian Wiedmann, Hatem G. Ibrahim
Subjects: Built Environment, Middle East Studies, Environment and Sustainability, Urban Studies

This paper explores the relationship between new lifestyle patterns and housing typologies in emerging cities. Within the context of Gulf cities, namely Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Doha and Manama, this paper investigates demographic structures and housing trends where a rapid phase of urban growth has transformed local urbanism.

Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research

Modernist architecture, conflict, heritage and resilience: the case of the historical museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina


Published: Nov 30, 2017 by Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research
Authors: Selma Harrington, Branka Dimitrijevic, Ashraf M. Salama
Subjects: Built Environment, History, Media and Cultural Studies, Environment and Sustainability, Art & Visual Culture

This paper introduces a research into symbiotic elements of architecture and public function of the the Historical Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The impact of conflict on its survival, resilience and continuity of use is explored through its potentially mediatory role and modelling for similar cases of reuse of a 20th century architectural heritage. https://doi.org/10.26687/archnet-ijar.v11i3.1330

Spatium

Characterisation and systematic assessment of urban open spaces in Glasgow city centre


Published: Aug 07, 2017 by Spatium
Authors: Ashraf M. Salama, Adel M. Remali, Laura MacLean
Subjects: Built Environment, Social Psychology, Environment and Sustainability, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

This paper contributes to the contemporary urban discourse as it relates to the city and its users. It demonstrates a mechanism for characterisation and systematic assessment of key urban open spaces in Glasgow City Centre.

Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research

Deciphering urban life: a multi-layered investigation of St. Enoch Square, Glasgow City Centre


Published: Jul 15, 2017 by Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research
Authors: Ashraf M. Salama, Adel M. Remali, Laura MacLean
Subjects: Built Environment, Sociology & Social Policy, Environment and Sustainability, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

This paper aims to explore how successful urban spaces could impact the growth and performance of an urban context, not only as a physical urban reality, but also as a generator of social life. Utilising St. Enoch Square as a case study, a multi-layered methodological approach constituted in a series of tools was implemented.

Frontiers of Architectural Research

Integrating Appreciative Inquiry (AI) into architectural pedagogy: An assessment experiment of three retrofitted buildings in the city of Glasgow


Published: Jun 01, 2017 by Frontiers of Architectural Research
Authors: Ashraf M. Salama and Laura MacLean
Subjects: Education, Built Environment, Environment and Sustainability, Art & Visual Culture

This paper introduces Appreciative Inquiry (AI) as a mechanism that integrates various forms of inquiry into learning. AI is operationalized as a Walking Tour assessment project which was introduced as part of the class Cultural and Behavioural Factors in Architecture and Urbanism delivered at the Department of Architecture, University of Strathclyde – Glasgow where thirty-two Master of Architecture students were enrolled.

City, Territory and Architecture

The everyday urban environment of migrant labourers in Gulf Cities: the case of the old centre of Doha, Qatar


Published: Feb 08, 2017 by City, Territory and Architecture
Authors: Ashraf M. Salama, Simona Azzali, Florian Wiedmann
Subjects: Education, Built Environment, Middle East Studies, Social Psychology

This paper presents key research findings with respect to the lived urban spaces of the Al Asmakh District in Doha in order to exemplify the potential loss of very distinctive neighbourhoods and to introduce particular characteristics of urban spaces and the way migrant communities appropriate them.

Proceedings of the ICE - Urban Design and Planning

Perceiving urban liveability in an emerging migrant city


Published: Dec 15, 2016 by Proceedings of the ICE - Urban Design and Planning
Authors: Ashraf M. Salama and Florian Wiedmann
Subjects: Built Environment, Middle East Studies, Social Psychology, Environment and Sustainability, Urban Studies

This paper explores perceptions of liveable urban environments in Qatar's capital city, Doha. An attitude survey of 280 migrant professionals from different cultural backgrounds engaged in the high service sector was conducted. A profile for each cultural group including westerners, middle easterners, Indians and Southeast Asians was developed to analyse the way in which the key liveability factors are perceived.

Policy-Making in a Transformative State: The Case of Qatar

Fragmentation and continuity in Qatar's urbanism: towards a hub vision


Published: Jun 11, 2016 by Policy-Making in a Transformative State: The Case of Qatar
Authors: Ashraf M. Salama and Florian Wiedmann
Subjects: Built Environment, Sociology & Social Policy, Environment and Sustainability, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

In the past two decades Doha has witnessed enormous urban growth driven by various projects and strategies, which were launched to realise the vision of a hub city within international networks. Successively, the increasing investments in combination with liberalisation strategies have affected the decentralisation of urban governance, while dramatically transforming Doha’s urban structure and built environment.

Traditional Dwellings and Settlements Review

Urban traditions in the contemporary lived space of cities on the Arabian Peninsula


Published: Dec 01, 2015 by Traditional Dwellings and Settlements Review
Authors: Ashraf M. Salama
Subjects: Built Environment, Middle East Studies, Environment and Sustainability, Urban Studies, Art & Visual Culture

This article aims to answer the question “Whose tradition?” in relation to the contemporary architecture and urbanism of the Arabian Peninsula.

Proceedings of the ICE - Urban Design and Planning

Examining attributes of urban open spaces in Doha


Published: Apr 15, 2015 by Proceedings of the ICE - Urban Design and Planning
Authors: Ashraf M. Salama and Simona Azzali
Subjects: Built Environment, Middle East Studies, Environment and Sustainability, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

This paper examines functional, social and perceptual attributes of three urban open spaces in the city of Doha by developing and implementing a walking tour assessment procedure composed of checklists and a scoring system.

Frontiers of Architectural Research

Nature of urban interventions in changing the old center of a globalizing Doha


Published: Dec 15, 2014 by Frontiers of Architectural Research
Authors: Remah Gharib and Ashraf M. Salama
Subjects: Built Environment, Middle East Studies, Environment and Sustainability, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

Foucsing on the city of Doha, this study aims to examine three important urban interventions, namely, the Museum of Islamic Art, the reconstruction of the traditional market called Souq Waqif, and the Msheireb urban regeneration project. It examines local and global issues, universal standard practices, and traditional knowledge.

 Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability

Sustainable urban qualities in the emerging city of Doha


Published: Jan 10, 2014 by Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability
Authors: Florian Wiedmann, Ashraf M. Salama, and Velina Mirincheva
Subjects: Built Environment, Environment and Sustainability, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

This paper seeks to introduce a framework concerning how to investigate urban qualities and their production in space in order to clarify the challenges and limitations of planning for sustainability. The paper is based on analyses and evaluations of GIS data as well as a series of interviews with 10 planning experts at the Ministry of Municipalities and Urban Planning and a series of questionnaires received from 350 inhabitants.

News

Architectural Education in the Post-COVID Era: Envisioning New Opportunities and Implications

By: ASHRAF M. SALAMA
Subjects: Built Environment, Psychology, Social Psychology

Architectural Education in the Post-COVID Era: Envisioning New Opportunities and Implications, Ashraf M. Salama 

This presentation, by Professor Ashraf M. Salama, is part of the Epidemic Urbanism Initiative, which Drs. Mohammad Gharipour and Caitlin DeClercq founded in response to the COVID-19 crisis. Our goal with this initiative is to explore how the outbreak of, response to, and lasting impact of epidemic illnesses help us understand urban environments and communities in the past as well as in today’s COVID era. One of the outcomes we hope to provoke with this Epidemic Urbanism Initiative is the fundamental rethinking of architectural scholarship, education, and practice in response to epidemic illnesses.

Thinking about architectural education in particular, we recognize the need to bring new questions, topics, and lenses to seminars and studios alike in order to understand the complex relationship between cities and epidemic illness; advocate the necessity of forging new, global, interdisciplinary collaborations in service of these questions; and seek novel, socially just interventions to better prevent and respond to urban epidemics.

In this presentation, Dr. Ashraf Salama (University of Strathclyde) contextualizes the recent and sudden shift of architectural education to online formats in broader, decades-long changes observed by William Mitchell and Manuel Castells; reflects on the unique challenges of this shift to architectural pedagogy, studio culture, and student motivation and community-building; highlights specific practices that resulted in a largely successful (if stressful and imperfect) shift to online education; and advocates the need to embrace and identify opportunities opened up for and by architectural education in a post-COVID era that will almost certainly be characterized by constant change and flux. Ultimately, Dr. Salama demonstrates how the shift to online education and the current global COVID-19 pandemic pose important opportunities for re-examining pedagogy and curricula, embracing transdisciplinary collaboration and action, and emphasizing person-environment relationships in design pedagogy and practice.

 

COVID-19, Architecture, the City and Urban Life - Some Contributions by Ashraf M. Salama

By: ASHRAF M. SALAMA
Subjects: Built Environment, Psychology, Social Psychology, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

https://www.ashrafsalamanet.net/covid-19-architecture-the-city-urban-life 

A collection of contributions on COVID-19, Architecture, the City and Urban Life, which inclide:

 

New Website - Ashraf M. Salama https://www.ashrafsalamanet.net

By: ASHRAF M. SALAMA
Subjects: Art & Visual Culture, Built Environment, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

The new website of Ashraf Salama has been rrecently published to replace the old website -- the new site is designed to include more materials, links to external pages, and downloadable research papers, essays, and book summaries. 

Visit: https://www.ashrafsalamanet.net

 
 
which include
 
which include
 
 

New Book: Architectural Excellence in Islamic Societies

By: ASHRAF M. SALAMA
Subjects: Art & Visual Culture, Built Environment, Middle East Studies, Other, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

Architectural Excellence in Islamic Societies: Distinction through the Aga Khan Award for Architecture

Ashraf M. Salama and Marwa El-Ashmouni

This book discusses architectural excellence in Islamic societies drawing on textual and visual materials, from the Aga Khan Documentation Center at MIT, developed over more than three decades. At the core of the discussion are the efforts, processes, and outcomes of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture (AKAA).

The AKAA recognises excellence in architectural and urban interventions within cities and settlements in the Islamic world which are continuously challenged by dramatic changes in economies, societies, political systems, decision-making, and environmental requirements. Architectural Excellence in Islamic Societies responds to the recurring question about the need for architectural awards, arguing that they are critical to validating the achievements of professional architects while making their contributions more widely acknowledged by the public. Through analysis and critique of over sixty awarded and shortlisted projects from over thirty-five countries, this book provides an expansive look at the history of the AKAA through a series of narratives on the enduring values of architecture, architectural and urban conservation, built environment sustainability, and architectural pluralism and multiple modernities.

Architectural Excellence in Islamic Societies will appeal to professionals and academics, researchers, and upper-level students in architectural history and theory and built environment related fields.

From The Preface,
by the authors
 
In 1989, Ismail Serageldin’s Space for Freedom: The Search for Architectural Excellence in Islamic Societies was published to commemorate the first decade and the achievements of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture. Rightly so, he noted that the Award had been established to construct an intellectual environment where originality and architectural relevance can soar. This will definitely progress in diverse ways and will go beyond a single school of thought where awarded projects exhibit a sound excellence, not only in articulating cultural production and architectural innovation, but also in addressing the requirements of sustainability in its wider interpretation. After more than three decades, since the publishing of the Space for Freedom, Architectural Excellence in Islamic Societies has significantly developed into prominent endeavours and achievements that truly reflect the broadened demands placed on the architectural profession by societies and the associated circumstantial peculiarities.
 
Architectural Excellence in Islamic Societies uncovers architectural and place production away from ‘Orientalism’ and the colonial chauvinistic views by constructing narratives unique to various contexts within the Islamic world while discussing the role of the Aga Khan Award in setting values of architectural and urban excellence. The examination of more than sixty awarded and shortlisted projects developed in more than thirty five countries delineates decolonised narratives on the enduring values of architecture; architectural and urban conservation; built environment sustainability; and architectural pluralism and multiple modernities. The oeuvre of award-winning figures and projects unveils the critical cognizance of the Award in acknowledging materialised accomplishments that represent the best and most worthy ideals of architectural values in Islamic societies. These accomplishments, including a spectrum of heritage, cultural, educational, communal, community, and social projects, establish clear connections between socio-cultural aspirations of Islamic societies, values of excellence, and architectural and urban responses to social and environmental needs and challenges.

New Article: After coronavirus: seasonal migration and empty centres and our cities, The Conversation, 15 June 2020

By: ASHRAF M. SALAMA
Subjects: Built Environment, Urban Studies

 
After coronavirus: how seasonal migration and empty centres might change our cities
Ashraf M. Salama
The Conversation
15 June 2020
 
The changes to urban space brought by the coronavirus have many people asking what the post-pandemic city might look like.

For example, as people may continue to avoid crowds for fear of becoming ill and more are able to work from home, will more people leave high-density cities for peripheral or rural areas? After all, research shows that the spread of COVID-19 has been linked to urban density.

On the other hand, high density may not necessarily be a public health issue. The cities of Singapore and Hong Kong have higher densities than New York and London, but have managed to control the virus spread through aggressive management actions. These include early testing and extensive tracing of cases rather than full isolation or quarantining.

The long-term pattern of increasing urbanisation, existing high urban density and the economic and cultural benefits of urban life suggests that we will not see a large-scale exodus from cities to rural areas. However, the pandemic may trigger patterns of relocation to lower density areas within the city or its peripheries.

The post-pandemic city will need to employ urban solutions that enable people to socialise, work and live without extremely high densities, while balancing urban compactness and urban sprawling.

Routledge Series Architecture and Urbanism in the Global South - Call for book proposals

By: ASHRAF M. SALAMA
Subjects: Art & Visual Culture, Built Environment

monograph series:

Routledge Series Architecture and Urbanism in the Global South

Series Editors
Prof Ashraf Salama and Dr David Grierson, University of Strathclyde, UK


Within the severe duality of transformations in the Global South, this series aims to depict and capture architectural and place production and to portray it to the global professional and academic community. The series places emphasis on architecture and urbanism of cities and settlements in the Global South which is defined geographically to include key capitals, major cities, and important settlements within Africa, the Arabian peninsula, the Indian Sub-Continent, the southern Mediterranean and the Middle East, South America, and South Asia.

Written by international experts and researchers, the volumes will cover a wide spectrum of topics that range from vernacular architecture, architectural heritage, urban traditions, explorations of the works of global south and international architects, to themes that include the architecture of squatter settlements, housing transformations, urban governance, the impact of globalization on cultural identity as manifested in architecture, and sustainable urbanism.

Prospective authors are encouraged to contact the series editors for more information, or to discuss proposals, Ashraf Salama ([email protected]); David Grierson ([email protected]); or [email protected] (Editor) for a monograph proposal form.

Visit the series page here:
https://www.routledge.com/Architecture-and-Urbanism-in-the-Global-South/book-series/AUGS

Research Website Updated: The Cluster for Research in Architecture and Urbanism of Cities in the Global South (CRAUCGS)

By: ASHRAF M. SALAMA
Subjects: Asian Studies, Environment and Sustainability, Middle East Studies, Other, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

The Cluster for Research in Architecture and Urbanism of Cities in the Global South (CRAUCGS) at the University of Strathclyde includes research expertise in the socio-spatial practice of migrant and minority communities, lifestyle trends and housing transformations, urban traditions and user-centred assessment, and architectural design pedagogy.

Our goal is to develop quality research and to maximise impact through dissemination and research-led teaching, while influencing policy and decision-making. We strive to respond to critical questions, central to the global south, on urban growth, continuity and fragmentation; regenerating historic cities; the quality of urban life, health and liveability; architectural identity and multiculturalism.

Our research

The Cluster was established in 2014 by Prof Ashraf Salama to address architecture and urban transformations in the global south including Africa, Central and Latin America, most of Asia and the Middle East, and North Africa (MENA).

We examine the sharp dichotomies within the global south where architectural and urban spectacles are developed in tandem with environmental degradation, ethnic and regional conflicts and displacements and political and economic instability. Our research addresses the severe dualities of urban transformations and place production towards enhancing decision making and improving peoples’ lives.

New Article: New housing patterns and spatial fragmentation in Gulf cities

By: ASHRAF M. SALAMA
Subjects: Built Environment, Middle East Studies, Other, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

New housing patterns and spatial fragmentation in Gulf cities

https://doi.org/10.1080/17549175.2019.1626263

In recent years, the rapid growth of Gulf cities has led to a transformation of local settlement structures. The key objective of this paper is to deliver an overview of new housing patterns and how they impact spatial fragmentation. To identify the spatial distribution of new housing typologies and to explore the recent transformation of urban fabrics, GIS analyses were carried out and Space Syntax models were developed in the case of Qatar’s capital, Doha. This is coupled with an analysis of the travel routes of 130 residents which were assessed to investigate key aspects related to fragmentation. The outcomes include both new insights into the understanding of urban development tendencies in Gulf cities and the introduction of a methodological approach to establish responsive strategies in fast-growing and car-dependent cities.

New Book: Building Migrant Cities in the Gulf: Urban Transformation in the Middle East

By: ASHRAF M. SALAMA
Subjects: Built Environment, Environment and Sustainability, Middle East Studies, Other, Urban Studies

Unveiling the multiplicity of factors producing urbanism in the fast growing region of the Gulf, this book provides an in-depth overview of housing and migration dynamics in major Gulf cities. It explores the lessons learned from one of the prevalent urban experiments in human history where the scale and diversity of both skilled and labor migrants has never been witnessed in the context of engineered hub cities. The top-down approach devised to control urban development patterns is a crucial element in understanding both migration and housing dynamics in Gulf States.

“Building Migrant Cities in the Gulf: Urban Transformation in the Middle East” is a conscious endeavor towards understanding the role of governance from initiating a development vision, to reorganizing decision-making frameworks, and to implementing distinctive strategies. It embraces a considered approach to and an objective examination of how investor-driven patterns, emerging new economic sectors, and demographic transformations have impacted the demand and supply as well as the specific characteristics of the built environment. Conclusively, the direct interactions between inhabitants and their home environments is explored by demonstrating the divergent living standards, spatial practices, the new lifestyle tendencies, and their manifestations in the overall urban environment of these migrant cities.

The book is a timely effort that abstracts the essential characteristics of this unique urban phenomenon substantiated by concrete examples and empirical research. Both authors lived and worked in the Gulf including Qatar, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates during various periods between 2006 and 2014. Being able to witness the boom before and the downturn after the international financial crisis and being migrant expatriates instigated impulses to explore Gulf cities from macro and interconnected perspectives rather than to focus on singular aspects within the built environment. As academic architects specialised in urbanism and the complex dynamics between people and places the authors build new bridges for understanding demographic and social changes impacting urban transformations.

Ashraf M Salama is named the Recipient of the 2017 UIA Jean Tschumi Prize

By: ASHRAF M. SALAMA
Subjects: Built Environment, Education

Ashraf M Salama is named the Recipient of the 2017 UIA Jean Tschumi Prize for Excellence in Architectural Education and Criticism. 

_________________________

The UIA Bureau has decided upon the winners of the 2017 UIA Gold Medal and Prizes.

Created in 1961, the UIA Prizes honour professionals whose qualities, talents, and actions have had an international impact on the diverse sectors of architectural practice. This year, the Secretariat received 46 nominations.

The Jury, composed of UIA Bureau Members, included President Esa Mohamed (Malaysia), Past President Albert Dubler (France), Secretary General Thomas Vonier (USA), Treasurer Fabian Llisterri (Spain), and Vice-Presidents David Falla (UK), Deniz Incedayi (Turkey), Carlos Alvarez (Costa Rica), Yolanda Reyes (Philippines) and Ali Hayder (Sudan).

 

The jury has attributed the Gold Medal, the highest honour awarded to a living architect by his fellow architects, to leading Japanese architect Toyo Ito, nominated by the Japan Institute of Architects.

The Auguste Perret Prize for Applied Technology in Architecture will go to Nikolay Shumakov (Russia), nominated by the UIA’s Russian Member Section.

The Jean Tschumi Prize for Architectural Criticism or Architectural Education was attributed to Professor Ashraf M Salama (Egypt), nominated by the UIA’s Egyptian Member Section.

The Robert Matthew Prize for the Improvement of the Quality of Human Settlements went to South African Carin Smuts. Ms. Smuts was nominated by the UIA’s French Section.

The Vassilis Sgoutas Prize recognizing inventive, implemented architectural solutions for reducing poverty and indigence was awarded to Vietnamese Hoang Thuc Hao. Mr. Hoang was nominated by the UIA’s Vietnamese Section.

This year, the Jury decided not to attribute a prize for the Sir Patrick Abercrombie Prize for Town-Planning or Territorial Development.

The winners will be presented with their medal at the Awards Ceremony on 6 September, which will culminate the activities surrounding the 25th UIA World Congress in Seoul, Korea.


Charrette Call: From the Global South: Pedagogical Encounters in Architecture

By: ASHRAF M. SALAMA

Charrette Call for Contributions: From the Global South: Pedagogical Encounters in Architecture (Guest Editor Professor Ashraf Salama)

Special issue – Volume 5, Issue 1 – Spring 2018

Guest Editor: Ashraf M Salama, PhD FRSA FHEA - Professor and Head of Architecture, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow UK

Charrette, the journal of the Association of Architectural Educators (AAE), first published in 2013, is now well established as a pioneering journal for academics, practitioners, and theorists engaged in design teaching practices and theoretical debates.  For this issue (Volume 5, Issue 1), Charrette invites papers and essays that address positions, experiences, and experiments which are undertaken in the Global South by either local or international academics or both.


Theme

The main body of literature on architectural education and design pedagogy is primarily produced in the English-speaking world and is interrogated, debated, and reproduced mainly in the larger context of Western Europe and North America. The architectural academic community in other parts of the world; the Global South, is deeply influenced by such a discourse as well as by various pedagogical trends typically introduced in Western academia to reflect the needs of budding professionals and the profession of architecture at large. In essence, these represent tendencies that are instigated and practiced within the contextual particularities of Western academia including the ambitions and constraints of academic institutions, the professional milieu, and the way in which architecture is practiced and produced. Classically, such an influence manifests itself in the fact that in any discussion about pedagogy in architecture in Global South’ academia the discourse which characterizes the Global North dictates and thus overshadows opportunities for developing another parallel, or in fact different but equally important, discourse which can be generated and developed to address other unique particularities that characterize the Global South. The thrust here is not to create a competing discourse but to complement what is already there.


The Questions

This call for Volume 5 Issue 1 of Charrette maintains that architectural education discourse can be enriched and its scope can be expanded when both historical and contemporary imperatives are clearly contextualized. Issues of tradition, identity, modernity, vernacularism, post-colonialism, poverty, globalization are a few to name in this context. How they derive within architectural curricula and how they act as drivers for studio projects are two important points that potential contributors are invited to interrogate and debate. The presence of international professional and ethical standards which must apply equally to both Global North and Global South raises a third point on how international accreditation approaches and processes address the particularities of the Global South. Other points may include issues related to the way in which international partnership can inform studio practices in different parts of the world, and the potentials, validity, and effectiveness of international summer schools.


Possible Topics for Articles

Underlying the theme of “From the Global South: Pedagogical Encounters in Architecture” and the preceding questions contributions are invited to address one or more of these topics:

  • Tradition, Identity, and Modernity in Architectural Education
  • The Impact of Globalization on Design Studio Teaching Practices
  • Post-Colonial Discourse in Architectural Pedagogy
  • Poverty, Community Building, and Community Development
  • Virtual Design Studios and Global South/Global North Dialectics
  • International Accreditation: Approaches, Processes, and Experiences
  • Validity and Effectiveness of International Partnerships and Summer Schools

 

Submission Formats

  • Essays 5,000 – 8,000 words (including all references and endnotes). Essays must demonstrate their intellectual and theoretical context, method and data, and have a clear conclusion.
  • Projects 3,000 – 5,000 words (including all references and endnotes). Submissions to the Projects section will substitute traditional “academic” data with project work, so they are expected to include more images, diagrams, and illustrations.
  • Freespace 3,000 – 5,000 words. The Freespace allows for authors to develop accessible, provocative, and/or polemical work which may be written or illustrated.

 

Submission Dates

Interested contributors are to contact Professor Ashraf M. Salama ([email protected]) according to the following timeline:

  • 16 January 2017: Call for Contributions
  • 10 March 2017: Expression of interest (500 word outline)
  • 10 April 2017:  Notification of selected contributions
  • 15 July 2017: Submission of full articles
  • 30 September 2017:  Notification of reviewers’ comments
  • 30 November 2017:  Submission of final revised articles
  • Spring (April 2018):  Publishing Date of Volume 5 – Issue 1

 

https://www.academia.edu/30951983/CHARRETTE_Call_for_Contributions_From_the_Global_South_Pedagogical_Encounters_in_Architecture_Guest_Editor_Ashraf_M._Salama

Education and Training Forum, PLEA 2017, Edinburgh

By: ASHRAF M. SALAMA
Subjects: Built Environment, Education, Environment and Sustainability

Leader: Education and Training Forum, PLEA 2017, Edinburgh

No other professions have undergone as dramatic a transformation in the past decades as that of the design and construction professions. In local, regional, and global contexts, education for the creative and construction industries continually encounters demands to assimilate increasingly rapid changes in building markets into the courses and enable their more effective integration into practice. Education in architecture and urbanism provides the fundamental foundations for the aspiration of “designing to thrive”, by facilitating the transfer of knowledge and skills from the market requirements into the design professions to help them to continue to meet the wishes and needs of their society, economy and environment. This requires constant updating of our educational systems, and in recent decades the way in which design education and training are provided, and their consequences and impacts, have been treated as a research field on their own. Awareness has grown of the need to keep education’s underpinning theories, contents and contexts, methods and tools continuously questioned and diagnostically examined to ensure they are fit for purpose in the 21st century, genuinely addressing contemporary environmental and societal challenges and taking advantages of emerging opportunities as they arise. Papers are invited for the Forum and a Plenary session and Panel, aimed at broadening and deepening the debate on how well the education and training of design professionals are contributing to shaping a Thriving Future. Papers on subjects including teaching delivery models, experiential and inquiry-based learning, design studio experimentation, trans-disciplinary experiences, and the way in which these help shape such a future, are all welcomed.

Selected papers will be featured in a special PLEA 2017 Issue of the highly ranked, open access journal "Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research” http://www.archnet-ijar.net/index.php/IJAR/index