ASHRAF M. SALAMA Author of Evaluating Organization Development


Professor of Architecture, Director of CRAUCGS
University of Strathclyde Glasgow UK

Professor Ashraf M. Salama is Chair in Architecture at University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK, Head of the School of Architecture (2014-2020), and Director of Research. He is the chief editor of the Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research and is the UIA 2017 Recipient of Jean Tschumi Prize for Excellence in Architectural Education and Criticism.


Professor Ashraf M. Salama is academic, scholar, and Chair in Architecture at the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK, Director of the Cluster for Research in Architecture and Urbanism in the Global South since 2014, and Former Head of the School of Architecture (2014-2020). He holds B.Sc. MSc. and PhD in architecture and has received his education at Al Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt and North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA. He has published over 170 outputs in the international refereed press; authored and co-edited 17 books. He is the chief editor of the Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research and Open House international. Professor Salama is the UIA 2017 Recipient of Jean Tschumi Prize for Excellence in Architectural Education and Criticism. He has chaired and led three schools of architecture over the past 25 years in Egypt (1996-2001), Qatar (2009-2014), and the United Kingdom (2014-2020). He is a licensed architect in Egypt since 1987, practiced in Egypt (1987-92). He has been a consultant to a number of authorities and development agencies in the Middle East since 2004 and, from 2001 to 04, the Director of Research and Consulting at Adams Group Architects, Charlotte, North Carolina, United States.




Architectural Education in the Post-COVID Era: Envisioning New Opportunities and Implications

Subjects: Built Environment, Psychology, Social Psychology

Architectural Education in the Post-COVID Era: Envisioning New Opportunities and Implications, Ashraf M. Salama 

This presentation, by Professor Ashraf M. Salama, is part of the Epidemic Urbanism Initiative, which Drs. Mohammad Gharipour and Caitlin DeClercq founded in response to the COVID-19 crisis. Our goal with this initiative is to explore how the outbreak of, response to, and lasting impact of epidemic illnesses help us understand urban environments and communities in the past as well as in today’s COVID era. One of the outcomes we hope to provoke with this Epidemic Urbanism Initiative is the fundamental rethinking of architectural scholarship, education, and practice in response to epidemic illnesses.

Thinking about architectural education in particular, we recognize the need to bring new questions, topics, and lenses to seminars and studios alike in order to understand the complex relationship between cities and epidemic illness; advocate the necessity of forging new, global, interdisciplinary collaborations in service of these questions; and seek novel, socially just interventions to better prevent and respond to urban epidemics.

In this presentation, Dr. Ashraf Salama (University of Strathclyde) contextualizes the recent and sudden shift of architectural education to online formats in broader, decades-long changes observed by William Mitchell and Manuel Castells; reflects on the unique challenges of this shift to architectural pedagogy, studio culture, and student motivation and community-building; highlights specific practices that resulted in a largely successful (if stressful and imperfect) shift to online education; and advocates the need to embrace and identify opportunities opened up for and by architectural education in a post-COVID era that will almost certainly be characterized by constant change and flux. Ultimately, Dr. Salama demonstrates how the shift to online education and the current global COVID-19 pandemic pose important opportunities for re-examining pedagogy and curricula, embracing transdisciplinary collaboration and action, and emphasizing person-environment relationships in design pedagogy and practice.


COVID-19, Architecture, the City and Urban Life - Some Contributions by Ashraf M. Salama

Subjects: Built Environment, Psychology, Social Psychology, Urban Planning, Urban Studies 

A collection of contributions on COVID-19, Architecture, the City and Urban Life, which inclide:


New Website - Ashraf M. Salama

Subjects: Art & Visual Culture, Built Environment, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

The new website of Ashraf Salama has been rrecently published to replace the old website -- the new site is designed to include more materials, links to external pages, and downloadable research papers, essays, and book summaries. 


which include
which include

New Book: Architectural Excellence in Islamic Societies

Subjects: Art & Visual Culture, Built Environment, Middle East Studies, Other, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

Architectural Excellence in Islamic Societies: Distinction through the Aga Khan Award for Architecture

Ashraf M. Salama and Marwa El-Ashmouni

This book discusses architectural excellence in Islamic societies drawing on textual and visual materials, from the Aga Khan Documentation Center at MIT, developed over more than three decades. At the core of the discussion are the efforts, processes, and outcomes of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture (AKAA).

The AKAA recognises excellence in architectural and urban interventions within cities and settlements in the Islamic world which are continuously challenged by dramatic changes in economies, societies, political systems, decision-making, and environmental requirements. Architectural Excellence in Islamic Societies responds to the recurring question about the need for architectural awards, arguing that they are critical to validating the achievements of professional architects while making their contributions more widely acknowledged by the public. Through analysis and critique of over sixty awarded and shortlisted projects from over thirty-five countries, this book provides an expansive look at the history of the AKAA through a series of narratives on the enduring values of architecture, architectural and urban conservation, built environment sustainability, and architectural pluralism and multiple modernities.

Architectural Excellence in Islamic Societies will appeal to professionals and academics, researchers, and upper-level students in architectural history and theory and built environment related fields.

From The Preface,
by the authors
In 1989, Ismail Serageldin’s Space for Freedom: The Search for Architectural Excellence in Islamic Societies was published to commemorate the first decade and the achievements of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture. Rightly so, he noted that the Award had been established to construct an intellectual environment where originality and architectural relevance can soar. This will definitely progress in diverse ways and will go beyond a single school of thought where awarded projects exhibit a sound excellence, not only in articulating cultural production and architectural innovation, but also in addressing the requirements of sustainability in its wider interpretation. After more than three decades, since the publishing of the Space for Freedom, Architectural Excellence in Islamic Societies has significantly developed into prominent endeavours and achievements that truly reflect the broadened demands placed on the architectural profession by societies and the associated circumstantial peculiarities.
Architectural Excellence in Islamic Societies uncovers architectural and place production away from ‘Orientalism’ and the colonial chauvinistic views by constructing narratives unique to various contexts within the Islamic world while discussing the role of the Aga Khan Award in setting values of architectural and urban excellence. The examination of more than sixty awarded and shortlisted projects developed in more than thirty five countries delineates decolonised narratives on the enduring values of architecture; architectural and urban conservation; built environment sustainability; and architectural pluralism and multiple modernities. The oeuvre of award-winning figures and projects unveils the critical cognizance of the Award in acknowledging materialised accomplishments that represent the best and most worthy ideals of architectural values in Islamic societies. These accomplishments, including a spectrum of heritage, cultural, educational, communal, community, and social projects, establish clear connections between socio-cultural aspirations of Islamic societies, values of excellence, and architectural and urban responses to social and environmental needs and challenges.

New Article: After coronavirus: seasonal migration and empty centres and our cities, The Conversation, 15 June 2020

Subjects: Built Environment, Urban Studies

After coronavirus: how seasonal migration and empty centres might change our cities
Ashraf M. Salama
The Conversation
15 June 2020
The changes to urban space brought by the coronavirus have many people asking what the post-pandemic city might look like.

For example, as people may continue to avoid crowds for fear of becoming ill and more are able to work from home, will more people leave high-density cities for peripheral or rural areas? After all, research shows that the spread of COVID-19 has been linked to urban density.

On the other hand, high density may not necessarily be a public health issue. The cities of Singapore and Hong Kong have higher densities than New York and London, but have managed to control the virus spread through aggressive management actions. These include early testing and extensive tracing of cases rather than full isolation or quarantining.

The long-term pattern of increasing urbanisation, existing high urban density and the economic and cultural benefits of urban life suggests that we will not see a large-scale exodus from cities to rural areas. However, the pandemic may trigger patterns of relocation to lower density areas within the city or its peripheries.

The post-pandemic city will need to employ urban solutions that enable people to socialise, work and live without extremely high densities, while balancing urban compactness and urban sprawling.

Routledge Series Architecture and Urbanism in the Global South - Call for book proposals

Subjects: Art & Visual Culture, Built Environment

monograph series:

Routledge Series Architecture and Urbanism in the Global South

Series Editors
Prof Ashraf Salama and Dr David Grierson, University of Strathclyde, UK

Within the severe duality of transformations in the Global South, this series aims to depict and capture architectural and place production and to portray it to the global professional and academic community. The series places emphasis on architecture and urbanism of cities and settlements in the Global South which is defined geographically to include key capitals, major cities, and important settlements within Africa, the Arabian peninsula, the Indian Sub-Continent, the southern Mediterranean and the Middle East, South America, and South Asia.

Written by international experts and researchers, the volumes will cover a wide spectrum of topics that range from vernacular architecture, architectural heritage, urban traditions, explorations of the works of global south and international architects, to themes that include the architecture of squatter settlements, housing transformations, urban governance, the impact of globalization on cultural identity as manifested in architecture, and sustainable urbanism.

Prospective authors are encouraged to contact the series editors for more information, or to discuss proposals, Ashraf Salama ([email protected]); David Grierson ([email protected]); or [email protected] (Editor) for a monograph proposal form.

Visit the series page here:

Research Website Updated: The Cluster for Research in Architecture and Urbanism of Cities in the Global South (CRAUCGS)

Subjects: Asian Studies, Environment and Sustainability, Middle East Studies, Other, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

The Cluster for Research in Architecture and Urbanism of Cities in the Global South (CRAUCGS) at the University of Strathclyde includes research expertise in the socio-spatial practice of migrant and minority communities, lifestyle trends and housing transformations, urban traditions and user-centred assessment, and architectural design pedagogy.

Our goal is to develop quality research and to maximise impact through dissemination and research-led teaching, while influencing policy and decision-making. We strive to respond to critical questions, central to the global south, on urban growth, continuity and fragmentation; regenerating historic cities; the quality of urban life, health and liveability; architectural identity and multiculturalism.

Our research

The Cluster was established in 2014 by Prof Ashraf Salama to address architecture and urban transformations in the global south including Africa, Central and Latin America, most of Asia and the Middle East, and North Africa (MENA).

We examine the sharp dichotomies within the global south where architectural and urban spectacles are developed in tandem with environmental degradation, ethnic and regional conflicts and displacements and political and economic instability. Our research addresses the severe dualities of urban transformations and place production towards enhancing decision making and improving peoples’ lives.

New Article: New housing patterns and spatial fragmentation in Gulf cities

Subjects: Built Environment, Middle East Studies, Other, Urban Planning, Urban Studies

New housing patterns and spatial fragmentation in Gulf cities

In recent years, the rapid growth of Gulf cities has led to a transformation of local settlement structures. The key objective of this paper is to deliver an overview of new housing patterns and how they impact spatial fragmentation. To identify the spatial distribution of new housing typologies and to explore the recent transformation of urban fabrics, GIS analyses were carried out and Space Syntax models were developed in the case of Qatar’s capital, Doha. This is coupled with an analysis of the travel routes of 130 residents which were assessed to investigate key aspects related to fragmentation. The outcomes include both new insights into the understanding of urban development tendencies in Gulf cities and the introduction of a methodological approach to establish responsive strategies in fast-growing and car-dependent cities.

New Book: Building Migrant Cities in the Gulf: Urban Transformation in the Middle East

Subjects: Built Environment, Environment and Sustainability, Middle East Studies, Other, Urban Studies

Unveiling the multiplicity of factors producing urbanism in the fast growing region of the Gulf, this book provides an in-depth overview of housing and migration dynamics in major Gulf cities. It explores the lessons learned from one of the prevalent urban experiments in human history where the scale and diversity of both skilled and labor migrants has never been witnessed in the context of engineered hub cities. The top-down approach devised to control urban development patterns is a crucial element in understanding both migration and housing dynamics in Gulf States.

“Building Migrant Cities in the Gulf: Urban Transformation in the Middle East” is a conscious endeavor towards understanding the role of governance from initiating a development vision, to reorganizing decision-making frameworks, and to implementing distinctive strategies. It embraces a considered approach to and an objective examination of how investor-driven patterns, emerging new economic sectors, and demographic transformations have impacted the demand and supply as well as the specific characteristics of the built environment. Conclusively, the direct interactions between inhabitants and their home environments is explored by demonstrating the divergent living standards, spatial practices, the new lifestyle tendencies, and their manifestations in the overall urban environment of these migrant cities.

The book is a timely effort that abstracts the essential characteristics of this unique urban phenomenon substantiated by concrete examples and empirical research. Both authors lived and worked in the Gulf including Qatar, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates during various periods between 2006 and 2014. Being able to witness the boom before and the downturn after the international financial crisis and being migrant expatriates instigated impulses to explore Gulf cities from macro and interconnected perspectives rather than to focus on singular aspects within the built environment. As academic architects specialised in urbanism and the complex dynamics between people and places the authors build new bridges for understanding demographic and social changes impacting urban transformations.

Ashraf M Salama is named the Recipient of the 2017 UIA Jean Tschumi Prize

Subjects: Built Environment, Education

Ashraf M Salama is named the Recipient of the 2017 UIA Jean Tschumi Prize for Excellence in Architectural Education and Criticism. 


The UIA Bureau has decided upon the winners of the 2017 UIA Gold Medal and Prizes.

Created in 1961, the UIA Prizes honour professionals whose qualities, talents, and actions have had an international impact on the diverse sectors of architectural practice. This year, the Secretariat received 46 nominations.

The Jury, composed of UIA Bureau Members, included President Esa Mohamed (Malaysia), Past President Albert Dubler (France), Secretary General Thomas Vonier (USA), Treasurer Fabian Llisterri (Spain), and Vice-Presidents David Falla (UK), Deniz Incedayi (Turkey), Carlos Alvarez (Costa Rica), Yolanda Reyes (Philippines) and Ali Hayder (Sudan).


The jury has attributed the Gold Medal, the highest honour awarded to a living architect by his fellow architects, to leading Japanese architect Toyo Ito, nominated by the Japan Institute of Architects.

The Auguste Perret Prize for Applied Technology in Architecture will go to Nikolay Shumakov (Russia), nominated by the UIA’s Russian Member Section.

The Jean Tschumi Prize for Architectural Criticism or Architectural Education was attributed to Professor Ashraf M Salama (Egypt), nominated by the UIA’s Egyptian Member Section.

The Robert Matthew Prize for the Improvement of the Quality of Human Settlements went to South African Carin Smuts. Ms. Smuts was nominated by the UIA’s French Section.

The Vassilis Sgoutas Prize recognizing inventive, implemented architectural solutions for reducing poverty and indigence was awarded to Vietnamese Hoang Thuc Hao. Mr. Hoang was nominated by the UIA’s Vietnamese Section.

This year, the Jury decided not to attribute a prize for the Sir Patrick Abercrombie Prize for Town-Planning or Territorial Development.

The winners will be presented with their medal at the Awards Ceremony on 6 September, which will culminate the activities surrounding the 25th UIA World Congress in Seoul, Korea.

Charrette Call: From the Global South: Pedagogical Encounters in Architecture


Charrette Call for Contributions: From the Global South: Pedagogical Encounters in Architecture (Guest Editor Professor Ashraf Salama)

Special issue – Volume 5, Issue 1 – Spring 2018

Guest Editor: Ashraf M Salama, PhD FRSA FHEA - Professor and Head of Architecture, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow UK

Charrette, the journal of the Association of Architectural Educators (AAE), first published in 2013, is now well established as a pioneering journal for academics, practitioners, and theorists engaged in design teaching practices and theoretical debates.  For this issue (Volume 5, Issue 1), Charrette invites papers and essays that address positions, experiences, and experiments which are undertaken in the Global South by either local or international academics or both.


The main body of literature on architectural education and design pedagogy is primarily produced in the English-speaking world and is interrogated, debated, and reproduced mainly in the larger context of Western Europe and North America. The architectural academic community in other parts of the world; the Global South, is deeply influenced by such a discourse as well as by various pedagogical trends typically introduced in Western academia to reflect the needs of budding professionals and the profession of architecture at large. In essence, these represent tendencies that are instigated and practiced within the contextual particularities of Western academia including the ambitions and constraints of academic institutions, the professional milieu, and the way in which architecture is practiced and produced. Classically, such an influence manifests itself in the fact that in any discussion about pedagogy in architecture in Global South’ academia the discourse which characterizes the Global North dictates and thus overshadows opportunities for developing another parallel, or in fact different but equally important, discourse which can be generated and developed to address other unique particularities that characterize the Global South. The thrust here is not to create a competing discourse but to complement what is already there.

The Questions

This call for Volume 5 Issue 1 of Charrette maintains that architectural education discourse can be enriched and its scope can be expanded when both historical and contemporary imperatives are clearly contextualized. Issues of tradition, identity, modernity, vernacularism, post-colonialism, poverty, globalization are a few to name in this context. How they derive within architectural curricula and how they act as drivers for studio projects are two important points that potential contributors are invited to interrogate and debate. The presence of international professional and ethical standards which must apply equally to both Global North and Global South raises a third point on how international accreditation approaches and processes address the particularities of the Global South. Other points may include issues related to the way in which international partnership can inform studio practices in different parts of the world, and the potentials, validity, and effectiveness of international summer schools.

Possible Topics for Articles

Underlying the theme of “From the Global South: Pedagogical Encounters in Architecture” and the preceding questions contributions are invited to address one or more of these topics:

  • Tradition, Identity, and Modernity in Architectural Education
  • The Impact of Globalization on Design Studio Teaching Practices
  • Post-Colonial Discourse in Architectural Pedagogy
  • Poverty, Community Building, and Community Development
  • Virtual Design Studios and Global South/Global North Dialectics
  • International Accreditation: Approaches, Processes, and Experiences
  • Validity and Effectiveness of International Partnerships and Summer Schools


Submission Formats

  • Essays 5,000 – 8,000 words (including all references and endnotes). Essays must demonstrate their intellectual and theoretical context, method and data, and have a clear conclusion.
  • Projects 3,000 – 5,000 words (including all references and endnotes). Submissions to the Projects section will substitute traditional “academic” data with project work, so they are expected to include more images, diagrams, and illustrations.
  • Freespace 3,000 – 5,000 words. The Freespace allows for authors to develop accessible, provocative, and/or polemical work which may be written or illustrated.


Submission Dates

Interested contributors are to contact Professor Ashraf M. Salama ([email protected]) according to the following timeline:

  • 16 January 2017: Call for Contributions
  • 10 March 2017: Expression of interest (500 word outline)
  • 10 April 2017:  Notification of selected contributions
  • 15 July 2017: Submission of full articles
  • 30 September 2017:  Notification of reviewers’ comments
  • 30 November 2017:  Submission of final revised articles
  • Spring (April 2018):  Publishing Date of Volume 5 – Issue 1

Education and Training Forum, PLEA 2017, Edinburgh

Subjects: Built Environment, Education, Environment and Sustainability

Leader: Education and Training Forum, PLEA 2017, Edinburgh

No other professions have undergone as dramatic a transformation in the past decades as that of the design and construction professions. In local, regional, and global contexts, education for the creative and construction industries continually encounters demands to assimilate increasingly rapid changes in building markets into the courses and enable their more effective integration into practice. Education in architecture and urbanism provides the fundamental foundations for the aspiration of “designing to thrive”, by facilitating the transfer of knowledge and skills from the market requirements into the design professions to help them to continue to meet the wishes and needs of their society, economy and environment. This requires constant updating of our educational systems, and in recent decades the way in which design education and training are provided, and their consequences and impacts, have been treated as a research field on their own. Awareness has grown of the need to keep education’s underpinning theories, contents and contexts, methods and tools continuously questioned and diagnostically examined to ensure they are fit for purpose in the 21st century, genuinely addressing contemporary environmental and societal challenges and taking advantages of emerging opportunities as they arise. Papers are invited for the Forum and a Plenary session and Panel, aimed at broadening and deepening the debate on how well the education and training of design professionals are contributing to shaping a Thriving Future. Papers on subjects including teaching delivery models, experiential and inquiry-based learning, design studio experimentation, trans-disciplinary experiences, and the way in which these help shape such a future, are all welcomed.

Selected papers will be featured in a special PLEA 2017 Issue of the highly ranked, open access journal "Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research”