Buddhist and Christian?

An Exploration of Dual Belonging

By Rose Drew

© 2011 – Routledge

276 pages

Purchasing Options:
Paperback: 9781138785212
pub: 2014-03-10
US Dollars$54.95
Hardback: 9780415611237
pub: 2011-07-11
US Dollars$150.00

About the Book

The last century witnessed a gradual but profound transformation of the West's religious landscape. In today's context of diversity, people are often influenced by, and sometimes even claim to belong to, more than one religious tradition. Buddhism and Christianity is a particularly prevalent and fascinating combination. This book is the first detailed exploration of Buddhist Christian dual belonging, engaging - from both Buddhist and Christian perspectives - the questions that arise, and drawing on extensive interviews with well-known individuals in the vanguard of this important and growing phenomenon.

The book looks at whether it is possible to be authentically Buddhist and authentically Christian given the differences in beliefs and practices. It asks whether Buddhist Christians are irrational, religiously schizophrenic or spiritually superficial; or whether the thought and practice of Buddhism and Christianity can be reconciled in a way that makes possible deep commitment to both. Finally, the book considers whether the influence of Buddhist Christians on each of these traditions is something to be regretted or celebrated.


"Rose Drew’s book Buddhist and Christian? An Exploration of Dual Belonging (Routledge, 2011) is this year’s award winner. The book focuses on the question of how it might be possible for one to be authentically both a Buddhist and a Christian. Interviews with scholars who self-identify as practitioners in both traditions form the basis of the study. While the title and cover might suggest the book is aimed at a more popular audience, it is decidedly not, and it offers a bounteous feast for the scholarly audience as well.

Drew’s book is primarily theological, yet it contains many insightful psychological and sociological dimensions. Her account is fascinating, engaging, and brilliantly articulate. She takes extensive pains to develop her theoretical framework, and her analyses are exceedingly detailed and subtle. The book is very relevant to thinking about practice on the ground, both for Christians leaning toward Buddhism and for those Buddhists who want to understand why there is Christian interest. I think what is so special about this volume is its deep relevance to both theory and practice. It offers theoretical aid from multiple dual belongers and from scholars who are not such, and it gives powerful foundations for thinking about, and even for feeling one’s way through, this rich realm. It also offers courage to people who are exploring dual Buddhist-Christian belonging, while at the same time providing abundant suggestions for thinking very carefully about how to discuss the general phenomenon itself. Considering the growing numbers of people who are entering this domain of faith/ practice, I think this is a unique, stimulating, complex, and powerfully encouraging book on multiple levels. It is a great read for serious religious pluralists, whether merely thinkers or actual practitioners." - David Gardiner on behalf of the Society for Buddhist-Christian Studies Streng Committee, Buddhist-Christian Studies, Volume 34 (2014)

"Inter-religious learning has been described as a passing over to another religion and a return to one’s own with new eyes. What happens when, through passing over, you discover the other religion is not truly other but also your home? While multiple religious participation and belonging are common in Asia, they have not been prominent in the West until the coming of Buddhism generated a new trend of Buddhist-Christian and Buddhist-Jewish practice and dual belonging. Rose Drew’s book is by far the most in-depth, thorough and thought-provoking study of this revolutionary cultural development. Her engaging analysis, in conversation with current leading Buddhist-Christian figures, addresses the most important questions that dual belonging raises for comparative theology, philosophy and the history of religions. Yet her writing is so clear, elegant and enjoyable to read that it is difficult to put down her book. An instant classic, highly recommended for scholars and all readers touched by the dynamics of religious pluralism and inter-religious life in our time." - John Makransky, Boston College, USA

"This book is an immensely important contribution to inter-religious studies. Lucidly written and effectively argued, it offers a timely theological exploration of whether integration is possible for people who claim that they are both fully Christian and fully Buddhist. Its conclusions will become a benchmark for future scholarship in this area." - Elizabeth J. Harris, Liverpool Hope University, UK

"The most salient, and successful, feature of Drew’s study is that it is spirituality, or theology, based on ethnography… Whether one is primarily (or exclusively) Christian or Buddhist, this book, part of the Routledge Critical Studies in Buddhism series, is one that will both inform and engage. For Buddhists, it can be an aid in understanding all those Christians knocking on their zendo doors. For Christians, it can be a guide and inspiration for what might happen when they pass through those doors." - Paul F. Knitter, Buddhadharma: The Practitioner’s Quarterly, Spring 2012

"Rose Drew’s book is a major contribution to the field of both mapping and evaluating one form of the phenomenon of ‘dual belonging’. […] Drew’s graceful narrative investigates the question through close interviews with six articulate and intellectually well-trained dual belongers. […] The thrill of her book is in the careful empirical questioning and mapping of dual belongers and the fascinating outcome whereby Drew defends dual belonging on theological grounds." - Gavin D'Costa, Theology 115 (2)

"[A] giant leap forward in reflection on what has come to be known as ‘dual belonging.’ […] No summary can do justice to the richly textured material. […] a wonderfully refreshing alternative to the stilted prose of so much theological writing. […] Drew is able to go more deeply into problems that conventional writing on interreligious dialogue tends to skate over. She does this by adhering closely to the evidence provided by her six theologically literate interviewees. The questions thrown up by their personal experience have profound implications for the future of interreligious relations." - John May, Buddhist-Christian Studies 32

"Rose Drew has moved the debate regarding dual belonging forward in this important monograph. […] Grounding her discussion in the real religious lives of individuals […] brings a valuable integrity to her philosophical arguments, which cannot, in this context, be dismissed as abstract or ‘academic’. […] This is a very ambitious piece of work. It attempts a theological and buddhological justification for dual belonging. It is therefore a contribution to Christian theology and the Buddhist equivalent as well as an important study of an increasingly common feature of the global religious landscape. […] The book is a thoughtful, well-informed, and well argued contribution to this important and under-reported dimension of contemporary religious life and will be of interest to theologians, philosophers, and social scientists interested in Buddhist-Christian studies, interfaith dialogue, and the contemporary global religious landscape." - Wendy Dossett, Journal of Contemporary Religion 27:2

Buddhist and Christian? won the 2013 Frederick J. Streng Award for Excellence in Buddhist-Christian Studies.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction 2. Interviewee Profiles Part I: Facing the Ultimate 3. God 4. Jesus Christ and Gautama Buddha Part II: Treading the Path 5. Salvation or Liberation 6. Practice 7. Conclusion

About the Author

Rose Drew has lectured in interfaith studies and Buddhism at the University of Glasgow and in 2011 held a research scholarship at Uppsala University, Sweden. She currently manages a new project for UK charity Interfaith Scotland that supports and develops positive interfaith relations.

About the Series

Routledge Critical Studies in Buddhism

Routledge Critical Studies in Buddhism is a comprehensive study of the Buddhist tradition. The series explores this complex and extensive tradition from a variety of perspectives, using a range of different methodologies. The series is diverse in its focus, including historical, philological, cultural, and sociological investigations into the manifold features and expressions of Buddhism worldwide. It also presents works of constructive and reflective analysis, including the role of Buddhist thought and scholarship in a contemporary, critical context and in the light of current social issues. The series is expansive and imaginative in scope, spanning more than two and a half millennia of Buddhist history. It is receptive to all research works that are of significance and interest to the broader field of Buddhist Studies.

Some of the titles in the series are published in association with the Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies, which conducts and promotes rigorous teaching and research into all forms of the Buddhist tradition.

Editorial Advisory Board:
James A. Benn, McMaster University, Canada

Jinhua Chen, The University of British Columbia, Canada

Rupert Gethin, University of Bristol, UK

Peter Harvey, University of Sunderland, UK

Sallie King, James Madison University, USA

Anne Klein, Rice University, USA

Lori Meeks, University of Southern California, USA;

Ulrich Pagel, School of Oriental and African Studies, UK

John Powers, Australian National University, Australia;

Juliane Schober, Arizona State University, USA

Vesna A. Wallace, University of California, Santa Barbara, USA

Michael Zimmermann, University of Hamburg, Germany

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
RELIGION / Buddhism / Rituals & Practice
RELIGION / Christian Life / General
RELIGION / Christianity / General