The importance of biofuels in greening the transport sector in the future is unquestionable, given the limited available fossil energy resources, the environmental issues associated to the utilization of fossil fuels, and the increasing attention to security of supply. This comprehensive reference presents the latest technology in all aspects of biofuels production, processing, properties, raw materials, and related economic and environmental aspects. Presenting the application of methods and technology with minimum math and theory, it compiles a wide range of topics not usually covered in one single book. It discusses development of new catalysts, reactors, controllers, simulators, online analyzers, and waste minimization as well as design and operational aspects of processing units and financial and economic aspects. The book rounds out by describing properties, specifications, and quality of various biofuel products and new advances and trends towards future technology.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction: Biofuel Production and Processing Technology
M.R. Riazi and David Chiaramonti
Chapter 2 Chemistry and Nature of Biofuels
Maria Joana Neiva Correia, M. Margarida Mateus,
and Maria Cristina Fernandes
Chapter 3 Data on Biofuels Production, Trade, and Demand
Daniela Thrän, K. Naumann, E. Billig, M. Millinger, K. Oehmichen,
D. Pfeiffer, and K. Zech
Chapter 4 Physicochemical Properties of Biofuels
B. Brian He and Zhidan Liu
Chapter 5 Raw Materials for Biofuels Production
Jasvinder Singh and Jayati Trivedi
Chapter 6 Biofuels Production Processes and Technologies
Franziska Müller-Langer, Marco Klemm, and Jens Schneider
Chapter 7 Biofuels Characterization and Standard Methods for Quality Control
Martino Di Serio, Rosa Turco, Rosa Vitiello, and Riccardo Tesser
Chapter 8 Production of Bio-Oil
Kevin M. Van Geem, Ismaël Amghizar, Florence Vermeire,
and Ruben De Bruycker
Chapter 9 Biodiesel Fuels: Properties and Quality
Chapter 10 Feasible Processes for Continuous Biodiesel Production from Multi-Feedstocks
Naomi Shibasaki-Kitakawa and Toshikuni Yonemoto
Chapter 11 Aviation Biofuels: Processes, Opportunities, Constraints, and Perspectives
David Chiaramonti and Luiz A. Horta Nogueira
Chapter 12 Liquid Hydrocarbon Biofuels from Lipids
Alexander Asiedu and Sandeep Kumar
Chapter 13 Alcohol Fuels: The Biochemical Route
Elia Tomás-Pejó and Antonio D. Moreno
Chapter 14 Alcohol Fuels: The Thermochemical Route
Gnouyaro P. Assima, Ingrid Zamboni, and Jean-Michel Lavoie
Chapter 15 Production of Biogas and bioH2: Biochemical Methods
Nuno Lapa, Elena Surra, Isabel A.A.C. Esteves, Rui P.P.L. Ribeiro,
and José P.B. Mota
Chapter 16 Production of Substitute Natural Gas: Thermochemical Methods
Jürgen Karl and Michael Neubert
Chapter 17 Biogas Production from Biomass Wastes
Juan Antonio Melero, Fernando Martínez, Raul Molina, Yolanda Segura,
and Daniel Puyol
Chapter 18 Advances in Catalysts for Liquid Biofuel Production Processes
Vincenzo Russo, Riccardo Tesser, and Martino Di Serio
Chapter 19 Biorefineries: Biofuels, Biochemicals, and Bioproducts
Isabella De Bari, Daniela Cuna, and Nicola Di Fidio
Chapter 20 Engine Performance: Biofuels versus Petrofuels
Roberto Guimarães Pereira, Oscar Edwin Piamba Tulcan,
and Carlos Eduardo Fellows
Chapter 21 Life Cycle Assessment of Biofuel Production
Cristina de la Rúa Lope and Yolanda Lechón
Chapter 22 Economical Assessment of Biofuel Production
B.A. McCarl, J.P.H. Jones, M. Kapilakanchana, M.Z. Wang, and G. Zhao
Chapter 23 Economic Assessment of Biodiesel Production
Jorge Mario Marchetti and Mangesh R. Avhad
Chapter 24 Future Trends and Outlook in Biofuels Production
M. R. Riazi (www.riazim.com), who has a doctorate degree in Chemical Engineering from Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), is the author of 150 publications including 6 books in the areas of oil, gas, coal and biofuel characterization, production and processing. In addition he has over 100 conference presentations and invited chair of international conferences, about 100 invited lectures and workshops, and over 60 short courses for the petroleum industry in more than 40 countries. He has served as Assistant Professor at Penn State as well as Visiting Professor / Scholar in the Departments of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering at the following universities: Illinois/Chicago, Texas/Austin, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (Trondheim), McGill (Montreal), Waterloo (Ontario), Wright State (US), Sharif (Arya-Mehr University), IIT/India, and Kuwait. He is also the Managing Director of Petrogas firm based in Canada and the Chair of Chemical Engineering at Kuwait University. He has been working on research projects related to hydrocarbon thermodynamics, gas processing, oil, gas and coal properties, enhanced oil recovery and heavy oil characterization, renewable energy, and environmental issues funded by American Petroleum Institute (API), US Department of Energy, US National Science Foundation, GRI/Chicago, NSERC (Canada), Petrofina (Brussels), SINTEF (Norway) as well as KPC, KFAS, KISR, KU, and KOTC (Kuwait). He is the founding editor and Editor-in-Chief of IJOGCT as well as an Associate Editor of JPSE. As a result of his work, Dr. Riazi has been honored as the recipient the following awards: Diploma of Honor from United States National Petroleum Engineering Society for Outstanding Contributions to the Petroleum Industry, KU Outstanding Research and Teaching Awards (received from former Amir of Kuwait), and Fellow of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. He is a registered and licensed professional engineer in Ontario, Canada.
David Chiaramonti teaches Biomass Energy Conversion Technologies and Processes at the University of Florence, where he obtained his PhD in Energy Engineering. His main scientific interest is on the production and use of biofuels, either liquid, gaseous, or solid. His research works cover thermochemical biomass conversion processes as well as liquid biofuel production and use. He has published more than 140 scientific papers in these areas, edited journal special issues, chapters in books and studies, as well as articles in magazines. He is member of the editorial boards of peer-reviewed journals of the field, including IJOGCT (Inderscience), Applied Energy (Elsevier) and Biomass Conversion & Biorefinery (Springer). He is/has been chairman and member of steering, international organizing, and scientific committees of various international conferences on biomass, bioenergy, and bioproducts, member of IEA Task 39 (Liquid Biofuels) and 34 (Biomass Pyrolysis), chairman of the scientific board of DBFZ and member of other international organizations and associations, as the UN ICAO Committee on Aviation Environmental Protection/Alternative Fuels Task Force, and EABA (European Algae Biomass Association). His recent work on biofuels focused on policy development and market issues. He has been involved as a project manager and scientific responsible in a large number of R&D&D projects, either supported by the European Commission and Ministries or by private companies. He is President of the not-for-profit research institution RE-CORD (funded and participated by the University of Florence and other public/private partners), that holds a chemical laboratory dedicated to bioenergy and bioproducts and operates several innovative pilot/demo plants for thermochemical and biochemical processing of biomass.
"A timely, comprehensive and well-structured overview of the state-of-the-art in the field of biofuels production, characterization, marketing and impact."
—Franco Berruti, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada
"As a scientist, with more than 35 years of work experience, in the field of bioenergy related activities, I am very much convinced that the book will certainly be an excellent asset to any scientific/academic institution."
—Giacobbe Braccio, E.N.E.A., Rome, Italy
"The strength is, from my point of view, the entire consideration starting from the biomass origin via the conversion process up to the final biofuel. This is of importance to gather as reader a comprehensive description of potential biofuel pathways."
—Michael Seiffert, Deutsches Biomasseforschungszentrum gemeinnützige GmbH, Leipzig, Germany
"…prestigious researchers have collaborated to provide readers a very updated and critical view of aspects extending from raw materials to biofuels production technologies, including physico-chemical properties, life cycle and economical assessment, among others."
— Pedro Maireles-Torres, University of Malaga, Spain
"Undoubtedly the coverage of the book, in terms of chapter topics, is very comprehensive with an adequate sequence. As the world is rapidly moving towards cleaner fuels, the use Biogas and BioH2 is going to increase rapidly. The book can serve as a knowledge base for students, researchers or technicians working in this area. If you have a focused interest in up-to-date valuable source of information on the core aspects in the field of Production and Purification of Biogas and BioH2, this is one book you cannot live without."
—Elizabeth Duarte, University of Lisbon, Portugal