Building a Validity Argument for the Test of English as a Foreign Language™: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Building a Validity Argument for the Test of English as a Foreign Language™

1st Edition

Edited by Carol A. Chapelle, Mary K. Enright, Joan M. Jamieson


14 pages

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Paperback: 9780805854565
pub: 2007-12-25
Hardback: 9780805854558
pub: 2007-12-17
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780203937891
pub: 2011-04-06
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The Test of English as a Foreign Language ™ (TOEFL®) is used by more

universities worldwide than any other test to assess English language

proficiency for academic admission and placement decisions, and to guide

English language instruction.

This landmark volume provides a detailed description and analysis of Educational Testing Service’s research and development efforts to develop a major revision of the TOEFL® test. The result is a book that serves as a case study of test design drawing upon theory in the complex domain of English language proficiency while attempting to meet standards of educational measurement.

Building a Validity Argument for the Test of English as a Foreign Language™ is distinctive in its attempt to develop a coherent story of the rationale for a test or its revision, explain the research and development process, and provide the results of the validation process. Through its treatment of one test, it expands on and tests principles and approaches to educational measurement, providing an in-depth, integrated perspective on the overall process of test revision. Moreover, because the conceptual foundation and history are presented alongside the empirical studies and validity argument, these sometimes disparate areas are presented in a way that demonstrates their connections – an approach which represents a departure from, or extension of, conventional materials on test revision.

This volume is particularly relevant for professionals and graduate students in educational measurement, applied linguistics, and second language acquisition as well as anyone interested in assessment issues.


"… makes a significant contribution to the field of language assessment by bringing together in one volume all of the excellent work that has gone into the revision of one of the world’s most influential tests. A welcome addition to the library of anyone interested in assessment issues, both in the U.S. and internationally."

--Sarah Cushing Weigle, Georgia State University, U.S.

"… a unique and important contribution to the fields of educational measurement, applied linguistics, and language testing, Most of what one finds in the professional literature in terms of validation work involves research and analyses of data gathered from the use of an instrument that is already ‘live.’ What makes this volume so interesting and unique is that it offers measurement experts and language testers insights into how construct theory – in this case foreign/second language proficiency – and validity arguments come together to drive the test development process."

--Micheline Chaloub-Deville, University of Iowa, U.S.

Table of Contents



List of Contributors

Chapter 1. Test Score Interpretation and Use

Carol A. Chapelle, Mary K. Enright, and Joan M. Jamieson

Chapter 2. The Evolution of the TOEFL

Carol A. Taylor and Paul Angelis

Chapter 3. Frameworks for a New TOEFL

Joan M. Jamieson, Daniel Eignor, William Grabe, and Antony John Kunnan

Chapter 4 .Prototyping New Assessment Tasks

Mary K. Enright, Brent Bridgeman, Daniel Eignor, Robert N. Kantor, Pamela Mollaun, Susan Nissan, Donald E. Powers, and Mary Schedl

Chapter 5 Prototyping Measures of Listening, Reading, Speaking, and Writing

Mary K. Enright, Brent Bridgeman, Daniel Eignor, Yong-Won Lee, and Donald E. Powers

Chapter 6. Prototyping a New Test

Kristen Huff, Donald E. Powers, Robert N. Kantor, Pamela Mollaun, Susan Nissan, and Mary Schedl

Chapter 7. Finalizing the Test Blueprint

Mari Pearlman

Chapter 8. A Final Analysis

Lin Wang, Daniel Eignor, and Mary K. Enright

Chapter 9. The TOEFL Validity Argument

Carol A. Chapelle

Appendix A. 1995 Working Assumptions That Underlie an Initial TOEFL 2000 Design Framework

Appendix B. Summary of 1995 Research Recommendations

Appendix C. Timeline of TOEFL Origins and the New TOEFL Project—Key Efforts and Decisions

About the Editors

Carol A. Chapelle, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa

Mary K. Enright, Educational Testing Service, Princeton, New Jersey

Joan M. Jamieson, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona

About the Series

ESL & Applied Linguistics Professional Series

This series provides essential texts on teaching English as a second language and applied linguistics. It includes authored and edited volumes to be used as primary or supplementary texts in graduate-level and teacher training courses to enhance students’ and practicing teachers’ professional qualifications and knowledge. Each text is designed to promote the current and growing body of knowledge in applied linguistics and second language teaching, including advances in teacher education and the study of language.

Specifically, the series includes, but is not limited to, current uses of applied linguistics research in teaching a variety of second language skills, such as reading, writing, speaking and listening; materials and curriculum design; literacy; English for academic purposes; and research methods.

The texts also deal with broad domains of professional preparation related to socio-cultural perspectives and current issues/topics in teaching and learning a second language.

Books in the series benefit not only students, but experienced teachers, curriculum developers, teacher trainers, program administrators, and other second and foreign language professionals seeking to advance and update their knowledge and expertise.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
EDUCATION / Multicultural Education