Cryogenic Heat Transfer: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Cryogenic Heat Transfer

2nd Edition

By Randall F. Barron, Gregory F. Nellis

CRC Press

682 pages | 212 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781482227444
pub: 2016-05-23
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Cryogenic Heat Transfer, Second Edition continues to address specific heat transfer problems that occur in the cryogenic temperature range where there are distinct differences from conventional heat transfer problems. This updated version examines the use of computer-aided design in cryogenic engineering and emphasizes commonly used computer programs to address modern cryogenic heat transfer problems. It introduces additional topics in cryogenic heat transfer that include latent heat expressions; lumped-capacity transient heat transfer; thermal stresses; Laplace transform solutions; oscillating flow heat transfer, and computer-aided heat exchanger design. It also includes new examples and homework problems throughout the book, and provides ample references for further study.

New in the Second Edition:

  • Expands on thermal properties at cryogenic temperatures to include latent heats and superfluid helium
  • Develops the material on conduction heat transfer and divides it into four separate chapters to facilitate understanding of the separate features and computational techniques in conduction heat transfer
  • Introduces EES (Engineering Equation Solver), a computer-aided design tool, and other computer applications such as Maple
  • Describes special features of heat transfer at cryogenic temperatures such as analysis with variable thermal properties, heat transfer in the near-critical region, Kapitza conductance, and network analysis for free-molecular heat transfer
  • Includes design procedures for cryogenic heat exchangers

Cryogenic Heat Transfer, Second Edition discusses the unique problems surrounding conduction heat transfer at cryogenic temperatures. This second edition incorporates various computational software methods, and provides expanded and updated topics, concepts, and applications throughout. The book is designed as a textbook for students interested in thermal problems occurring at cryogenic temperatures and also serves as reference on heat transfer material for practicing cryogenic engineers.


"This is the best all-around heat transfer book I have seen as well as one that uniquely covers all areas important to cryogenics. The book has a very strong theoretical background behind the derivation of important heat transfer equations. It is well organized and easy to follow. The book contains many tables and graphs of material properties at cryogenic temperatures, which along with all of the analytical equations make this book an exceptionally useful reference work for students and experts alike. All researchers in cryogenics should have this book on their shelves."

—Ray Radebaugh, National Institute of Standards and Technology (retired)

Table of Contents



Cryogenic Heat Transfer Applications

Material Properties at Cryogenic Temperatures

Cryogenic Insulations



One-Dimensional, Steady-State Conduction Heat Transfer

Governing Equations

One-Dimensional Steady-State Conduction

Conduction in Composite Materials

Thermal Contact Resistance

Conduction in Extended Surfaces

Properties of Frost at Cryogenic Temperatures

Numerical Analysis of One-Dimensional Conduction

Thermal Stresses



Lumped Capacity Transient Heat Transfer

Lumped Thermal Capacity Model and the Biot Number

Governing Equation for Lumped Thermal Capacity Model

Lumped Thermal Capacity Model and the Thermal Lag

Numerical Solutions

Cooldown of Objects with Coated Surfaces



Two-Dimensional Steady-State Conduction

Separation of Variables Solution


Numerical Techniques



Transient Conduction with Spatial Gradients

The Conduction Time Constant

Separation of Variables Solution

Laplace Transforms

Numerical Techniques

Cooldown of Cryogenic Fluid Storage Vessels



Single-Phase Convection Heat Transfer


Dimensionless Numbers

Internal Forced Convection Flow

External Forced Convection Flow

Free Convection

Heat Transfer in the Near-Critical Region

Kapitza Conductance

Oscillating Flow Heat Transfer



Two-Phase Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop

Flow Regimes in Two-Phase Flow

Pressure Drop in Two-Phase Flow

Boiling Heat Transfer


Freezing at Cryogenic Temperatures

Solid–Liquid (Slush) Flow and Heat Transfer



Radiation Heat Transfer


Black Body Radiation

Thermal Radiation Properties

Radiation Configuration Factor

Radiant Exchange between Two Gray Surfaces

The Network Method for Enclosures

Semi-Gray Surface Model

Radiation from LNG Fires



Free Molecular Flow

Flow Regimes and the Knudsen Number

Flow and Conductance in Vacuum Systems

Free Molecular Heat Transfer

Free Molecular Heat Transfer in Enclosures



Cryogenic Heat Exchangers

Cryogenic Heat Exchanger Types

NTU–Effectiveness Design Method

Heat Exchanger Factor of Safety

Giauque–Hampson Heat Exchanger Design

Plate-Fin Heat Exchanger Design

Perforated-Plate Exchanger Design

Effect of Variable Specific Heat

Effect of Longitudinal Heat Conduction

Effect of Heat Transfer from Ambient


Regenerator Design

Regenerator Design Example




About the Authors

Randall F. Barron is professor emeritus of mechanical engineering at Louisiana Tech University in Ruston. He received his BS in mechanical engineering from Louisiana Tech University, his MS and PhD in mechanical engineering from The Ohio State University in Columbus. He is the author of three other college-level textbooks: Cryogenic Systems, Industrial Noise Control, and Design for Thermal Stresses. Dr. Barron has served on the Cryogenic Engineering Conference Board and the editorial board of Cold Facts (Cryogenic Society of America). He is also a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

Gregory F. Nellis is professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. He received his MS and PhD at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and is a member of the Cryogenic Society of America (CSA) and the American Society of Heating Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE). Professor Nellis is the coauthor of two other college textbooks: Heat Transfer and Thermodynamics. He is a fellow of ASHRAE and received the Boom Award for excellence in cryogenic research.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Energy
SCIENCE / Mechanics / Dynamics / Thermodynamics