For over a decade, Mainland China has been embarking on an ambitious nation-wide education reform ('New Curriculum Reform') for its basic education. The reform reflects China’s propensity to borrow selected educational policies from elsewhere, particularly North America and Europe. Chinese scholars have used a local proverb "the West wind has overpowered the East wind" to describe this phenomenon of ‘looking West’.
But what do we mean by educational policy borrowing from the West?
This book answers the above questions by critically discussing China’s policy borrowing from the West through its current reform for primary and secondary education. It presents the latest in-depth research findings from a three-year empirical study (2013-2015) with school principals, teachers, students and other educational stakeholders across China. This study offers new insights into China’s educational policy borrowing from the West and international implications on cross-cultural educational transfer for academics, policymakers and educators.
This remarkable book contributes in multiple ways both to our understanding of current schooling and educational issues in China, and of processes of educational and cultural borrowing, a core theme in the field of Comparative Education. It is broad in scope as well as rich in empirical depth. … I see this book as bringing an unusual depth and richness to insights into the process of educational borrowing, a core theme in the field of comparative education, also to the understanding of China’s current educational reform process. -- Professor Ruth Hayhoe, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto (in Frontiers of Education, Volume 11, Issue 3)
1. Concepts, Theories, and Models of Educational Policy Borrowing
2. Educational Policy Borrowing in China: Historical Perspectives
3. Introduction to the New Curriculum Reform in China
4. Looking West: Chinese Perceptions of the New Curriculum Reform
5. The New Curriculum Reform in the Classroom
6. Constructivism and Postmodernism for Education in China: A Critique
7. Looking East: Confucian Influences on Chinese Education
8. When East Meets West: Cultural Scripts, Indigenisation and the ‘Teacher-Directed, Student-Engaged’ Approach
9. Surprises and Paradoxes in China’s Education Reform: The Example of Dulangkou Secondary School
10. Conclusions and Implications