Exclusionary Rationalities in Brazilian Schooling : Decolonizing Historical Studies book cover
1st Edition

Exclusionary Rationalities in Brazilian Schooling
Decolonizing Historical Studies

  • Available for pre-order on June 2, 2023. Item will ship after June 23, 2023
ISBN 9781032200453
June 23, 2023 Forthcoming by Routledge
256 Pages

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USD $170.00

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Book Description

Through in-depth socio-historical analysis of discourses and processes of quantification around school performance and student failure rates in Brazil, this volume highlights the prevalence of Eurocentric colonized thought that results in the persistence of exclusion bottlenecks, different trajectories according to gender, race and class, significant regional variations in the rates of failure and dropout, among other problems.

Focussing on processes performed between 1918 and 2012, chapters offer rich analysis of historiographic sources including journals, newspapers, and administrative documentation to trace the development of initiatives intended to promote the democratization of Brazilian schooling. Examination of reforms including school classification, the graduated school model, admissions examinations, and automatic promotion reveal a school system which mirrors wider societal injustices and guarantees academic success for only a minority of students.

Bringing a nuanced and elaborated historical perspective of the pragmatics of the selective classificatory logic in different institutional and epistemic qualities of the school organization of children and reasoning about abilities and achievement, it will appeal to scholars and researchers with interests in curriculum and assessment, the sociology of education, and the history of education.

Table of Contents

Introduction Chapter 1. Exams in modern school, moralization of conducts and purposes of schooling poor childhood Chapter 2. Overlapping evaluation functions in Brazilian school Chapter 3. Measurement and classification of persons: tests in the service of school efficiency Chapter 4. Graded school, homogenization of classes and reduction of teaching programs Chapter 5. Democratization of teaching and the hierarchy of capacities Chapter 6. The scandal of numbers and the quantification of educational problems Chapter 7. Non-approval, repetition and dropout: the debate around statistics Chapter 8. Causes of school repetition from the perspective of periodical press: a long inventory of prejudices Chapter 9. Solutions for school non-approval and concern with quality of teaching Index

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Natália Gil is Professor and Researcher in the School of Education at The Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Brazil.