Exposure to Contaminants in Drinking Water: Estimating Uptake through the Skin and by Inhalation, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Exposure to Contaminants in Drinking Water

Estimating Uptake through the Skin and by Inhalation, 1st Edition

Edited by Stephen S Olin

CRC Press

256 pages

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Hardback: 9780849328046
pub: 1998-11-19
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Exposure to Contaminants in Drinking Water: Estimating Uptake through the Skin and by Inhalation examines the current state of science in this field by identifying and reviewing the available information resources; evaluating various models and approaches; and demonstrating the feasibility of developing estimates of the distribution of absorbed doses of contaminants in drinking water through contact with the skin and by inhalation. This book, the product of a fifteen-member expert working group convened by the Risk Science Institute of the International Life Sciences Institute under a cooperative agreement with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Water, includes contributions from experts in exposure modeling and measurement; water chemistry; time-activity patterns; dermal and respiratory uptake; and the use of probability distributions in characterizing exposures.


"This book is currently the most comprehensive and authoritative treatise on such exposure."

-M. Kroger,Choice, June 1999

Table of Contents

Introduction, S.S. Olin

Contaminant Characteristics, D.A. Reckhow and S.S. Olin

Physical and Chemical Parameters

The Contaminants

Exposure Characteristics, T. Johnson, P.J. Hakkinen, and D.A. Reckhow


Water Consumption and Time/Activity Data

Building Characteristics

Water Source Characteristics

Developing Exposure Estimates, N. Chiu, C. Davidson, J.C. Little, S.N. Pandis, C.P. Weisel, and C.R. Wilkes

Vapors and Gases

Aerosols and Water Droplets

Water (Direct Contact)

Modeling of Exposure to Waterborne Contaminants

Respiratory Uptake, R.R. Mercer

Regions of the Respiratory Tract

Models for Assessing Respiratory Dosimetry

Sources of Airborne Drinking Water Toxicants

Physiologic and Pharmacokinetic Factors

Model Estimates of Lung Toxicant Uptake

Dermal Uptake, A.L. Bunge and J.N. McDougal

Barrier Properties

Skin Penetration Data

Mathematical Models of Penetration

Recommendations of Experimental Methods for Water Exposures

Recommendations for Use of Penetration Data for Risk Assessments

Case Studies, C.R. Wilkes

Modeled Residence

Activity Patterns

Water Uses

Modeling Contaminant Emissions During Household Uses

Modeling Absorbed Dose



Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply