Food Plant Engineering Systems: 2nd Edition (Paperback) book cover

Food Plant Engineering Systems

2nd Edition

By Theunis Christoffel Robberts

CRC Press

355 pages | 44 B/W Illus.

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Description

The component parts of a manufacturing system are important. Without peripherals and services such as pumps, boilers, power transmission, water treatment, waste disposal, and efficient lighting, the system will collapse. Food Plant Engineering Systems, Second Edition fills the need for a reference dealing with the bits and pieces that keep systems running, and also with how the peripheral parts of a processing plant fit within the bigger picture.

The author has gathered information from diverse sources to introduce readers to the ancillary equipment used in processing industries, including production line components and environmental control systems. He explores the buildings and facilities as well as the way various parts of a plant interact to increase plant production. This new edition covers the systems approach to Lean manufacturing, introducing Lean principles to the food industry. It also addresses sustainability and environmental issues, which were not covered in the first edition.

Written so readers with only basic mathematical knowledge will benefit from the content, the text describes measurements and numbers as well as general calculations, including mass and energy balances. It addresses the properties of fluids, pumps, and piping, and provides a brief discussion of thermodynamics. In addition, it explores electrical system motors, starters, heating, and lights; heating systems and steam generation; cooling and refrigeration systems; and water, waste, and material handling systems. The text also deals with plant design, including location, foundations, floors, walls, roofs, drains, and insulation. The final chapter presents an overview of safety and OSHA regulations, and the appendices provide conversion tables and an introduction to mathematics.

Table of Contents

The System Approach to Lean Manufacturing

Manufacturing and Trade

The System

Lean Thinking and Lean Production

Questions

References

Measurements and Numbers

History

Standards

Dimensions

Units

Dimensional Analysis

Units for Mechanical Systems

Conversions and Dimensional Analysis

Problems

References

General Calculations

Basic Principles

Conservation of Mass

Problems

Properties of Fluids

Physical Properties of Flow

Surface Tension and Capillary Action

Hydrostatics

Basic Concept of Fluid Motion

Types of Flow

Conservation of Energy in Liquids

Problems

Pumps

Introduction

General Principles

Pump Efficiency

Centrifugal Pumps

Suction Systems and Sump Design

Positive Displacement Pumps

Pipelines in the Industry

Pipeline Construction

Problems

Thermodynamics

Energy of a System

Characteristics of a System

Gases and Vapors

Problems

Electrical Systems

Electricity Generation

Definitions

Energy Conversion

Electric Motors

Motor Management

Power Transmission

Control Equipment for Electrical Apparatus

Illumination of the Processing Facility

Heating Systems for Processing Plants

Heat Transfer

Conductive Heat Transfer

Composite Cylinder

Convective Heat Transfer

Heat Transfer by Radiation

Steam Heating

Heat Pressure Diagram for Water

Steam Tables

Boiling Point of Water

Hot Water Systems

Piping

Problems

Steam Generation

Boilers

Fire Tube Boilers

Water Tube Boilers

Boiler Efficiency

Boiler Selection Criteria

Boiler Fittings and Accessories

Steam Purity

Refrigeration and Freezing

Overview

Natural Refrigeration

Solid CO2

Mechanical Refrigeration

Thermodynamics of Vapor Compression

Secondary Refrigeration

Management

Storage Rooms

Water and Waste Systems

Water Quality

Potable Water

Substances in Water

Treatment of Water Supplies

Treatment of Boiler Feedwater

Wastewater Treatment

Treatment Facilities

Waste Disposal

Materials Handling

Importance of Materials Handling

Increasing Materials Handling Efficiency

Materials Handling Equipment

Plant Layout for Materials Handling

Efficient Use of Materials Handling Equipment

Manufacturing Plant Design

Building Design

Legal Aspects

Expansion

Plant Location

Planning the Building on the Site

The Structure

Facilities Layout

Summary

Environmental Issues

Costs and Benefits of Environmental Compliance

Mandated Environmental Costs

Corporate Social Responsibility

Legislative Issues

Environmental Compliance of Operations

ISO 140Series Environmental Management Standards

Corporate Responsibility

Application of the Principles

References

Safety

Workplace Safety

Causes of Accidents

Safety

Accident Prevention

General Plant Safety

Fire Protection

Noise Control

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

Bibliography

Appendix 1

Appendix 2

Appendix 3

Index

About the Author

Theunis C. Robberts, Ph.D., is the program director for the manufacturing management majors at the University of Minnesota, where he received the Distinguished Faculty Award. He teaches principles of engineering, product development, quality systems, regulations and compliance, and business analytics. Dr. Robberts received his undergraduate qualification in food technology at Cape Technikon in South Africa and a Ph.D. in business administration, business quantitative methods, from Northcentral University in Prescott Valley, Arizona. His present research and outreach are focused on the establishment of business parks and light manufacturing facilities. Dr. Robberts received the Ernest Oppenheimer Memorial Trust Award for senior researchers. He has published articles and presented lectures at several scientific meetings, including the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT). He is a member of American Society for Quality (ASQ).

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
TEC009060
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Engineering
TEC012000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Food Science