Food Plant Engineering Systems  book cover
2nd Edition

Food Plant Engineering Systems

ISBN 9781138199392
Published November 16, 2016 by CRC Press
355 Pages 44 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

The component parts of a manufacturing system are important. Without peripherals and services such as pumps, boilers, power transmission, water treatment, waste disposal, and efficient lighting, the system will collapse. Food Plant Engineering Systems, Second Edition fills the need for a reference dealing with the bits and pieces that keep systems running, and also with how the peripheral parts of a processing plant fit within the bigger picture.

The author has gathered information from diverse sources to introduce readers to the ancillary equipment used in processing industries, including production line components and environmental control systems. He explores the buildings and facilities as well as the way various parts of a plant interact to increase plant production. This new edition covers the systems approach to Lean manufacturing, introducing Lean principles to the food industry. It also addresses sustainability and environmental issues, which were not covered in the first edition.

Written so readers with only basic mathematical knowledge will benefit from the content, the text describes measurements and numbers as well as general calculations, including mass and energy balances. It addresses the properties of fluids, pumps, and piping, and provides a brief discussion of thermodynamics. In addition, it explores electrical system motors, starters, heating, and lights; heating systems and steam generation; cooling and refrigeration systems; and water, waste, and material handling systems. The text also deals with plant design, including location, foundations, floors, walls, roofs, drains, and insulation. The final chapter presents an overview of safety and OSHA regulations, and the appendices provide conversion tables and an introduction to mathematics.

Table of Contents

The System Approach to Lean Manufacturing
Manufacturing and Trade
The System
Lean Thinking and Lean Production

Measurements and Numbers
Dimensional Analysis
Units for Mechanical Systems
Conversions and Dimensional Analysis

General Calculations
Basic Principles
Conservation of Mass

Properties of Fluids
Physical Properties of Flow
Surface Tension and Capillary Action
Basic Concept of Fluid Motion
Types of Flow
Conservation of Energy in Liquids

General Principles
Pump Efficiency
Centrifugal Pumps
Suction Systems and Sump Design
Positive Displacement Pumps
Pipelines in the Industry
Pipeline Construction

Energy of a System
Characteristics of a System
Gases and Vapors

Electrical Systems
Electricity Generation
Energy Conversion
Electric Motors
Motor Management
Power Transmission
Control Equipment for Electrical Apparatus
Illumination of the Processing Facility

Heating Systems for Processing Plants
Heat Transfer
Conductive Heat Transfer
Composite Cylinder
Convective Heat Transfer
Heat Transfer by Radiation
Steam Heating
Heat Pressure Diagram for Water
Steam Tables
Boiling Point of Water
Hot Water Systems

Steam Generation
Fire Tube Boilers
Water Tube Boilers
Boiler Efficiency
Boiler Selection Criteria
Boiler Fittings and Accessories
Steam Purity

Refrigeration and Freezing
Natural Refrigeration
Solid CO2
Mechanical Refrigeration
Thermodynamics of Vapor Compression
Secondary Refrigeration
Storage Rooms

Water and Waste Systems
Water Quality
Potable Water
Substances in Water
Treatment of Water Supplies
Treatment of Boiler Feedwater
Wastewater Treatment
Treatment Facilities
Waste Disposal

Materials Handling
Importance of Materials Handling
Increasing Materials Handling Efficiency
Materials Handling Equipment
Plant Layout for Materials Handling
Efficient Use of Materials Handling Equipment

Manufacturing Plant Design
Building Design
Legal Aspects
Plant Location
Planning the Building on the Site
The Structure
Facilities Layout

Environmental Issues
Costs and Benefits of Environmental Compliance
Mandated Environmental Costs
Corporate Social Responsibility
Legislative Issues
Environmental Compliance of Operations
ISO 140Series Environmental Management Standards
Corporate Responsibility
Application of the Principles

Workplace Safety
Causes of Accidents
Accident Prevention
General Plant Safety
Fire Protection
Noise Control
Occupational Safety and Health Administration

Appendix 1
Appendix 2
Appendix 3

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Theunis C. Robberts, Ph.D., is the program director for the manufacturing management majors at the University of Minnesota, where he received the Distinguished Faculty Award. He teaches principles of engineering, product development, quality systems, regulations and compliance, and business analytics. Dr. Robberts received his undergraduate qualification in food technology at Cape Technikon in South Africa and a Ph.D. in business administration, business quantitative methods, from Northcentral University in Prescott Valley, Arizona. His present research and outreach are focused on the establishment of business parks and light manufacturing facilities. Dr. Robberts received the Ernest Oppenheimer Memorial Trust Award for senior researchers. He has published articles and presented lectures at several scientific meetings, including the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT). He is a member of American Society for Quality (ASQ).