3rd Edition

Fundamentals of Nuclear Science and Engineering




ISBN 9781498769297
Published September 29, 2016 by CRC Press
660 Pages

USD $190.00

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Book Description

Fundamentals of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Third Edition, presents the nuclear science concepts needed to understand and quantify the whole range of nuclear phenomena. Noted for its accessible level and approach, the Third Edition of this long-time bestselling textbook provides overviews of nuclear physics, nuclear power, medicine, propulsion, and radiation detection. Its flexible organization allows for use with Nuclear Engineering majors and those in other disciplines. The Third Edition features updated coverage of the newest nuclear reactor designs, fusion reactors, radiation health risks, and expanded discussion of basic reactor physics with added examples. A complete Solutions Manual and figure slides for classroom projection are available for instructors adopting the text.

Table of Contents

Fundamental Concepts

Modern Units

The Atom

Chart of Nuclides

Modern Physics Concepts

The Special Theory of Relativity

Radiation as Waves and Particles

Quantum Mechanics

Addendum 1: Derivation of Some Special Relativity Results

Addendum 2: Solutions to Schrodinger’s Wave Equation

Atomic/Nuclear Models

Development of the Modern Atom Model

Models of the Nucleus

Nuclear Energetics

Binding Energy

Binding Energies of Isotopes

Nucleon Separation Energy

Nuclear Reactions

Examples of Binary Nuclear Reactions

Q-Value for a Reaction

Conservation of Charge and Calculation of Q-Values

Q-Value for Reactions Producing Excited Nuclei

Radioactivity

Radioactive Decay Diagrams

Energetics of Radioactive Delay

Characteristics of Radioactive Decay

Decay Dynamics

Naturally Occurring Radionuclides

Radiodating

Radioactive Decay Data

Binary Nuclear Reactions

Types of Binary Reactions

Kinematics of Binary Two-Product Nuclear Reactions

Reaction Threshold Energy

Applications of Binary Kinematics

Reactions Involving Neutrons

Characteristics of the Fission Reaction

Fusion Reactions

Radiation Interactions with Matter

Attenuation of Neutral Particle Beams

Calculation of Radiation Interaction Rates

Photon Interactions

Neutron Interactives

Attenuation of Charged Particles

Detection and Measurement of Radiation by Douglas S. McGregor

Gas-Filled Detectors

Scintillation Detectors

Semiconductor Detectors

Personal Dosimeters

Other Interesting Detectors

Measurement Theory

Detection Equipment

Radiation Doses and Hazard Assessment

Historical Roots

Dosimetric Quantities

Doses from Ingested Radionuclides

Natural Exposures for Humans

Health Effects from Large Acute Doses

Hereditary Effects

Cancer Risks from Radiation Exposures

Radon and Lung Cancer Risks

Radiation Protection Standards

Radiation Hormesis

Principles of Nuclear Reactors

Neutron Moderation

Thermal Neutrons

Thermal-Neutron Properties of Fuels

The Neutron Life Cycle in a Thermal Reactor

Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Cores

Reflectors

Reactor Kinetics

Reactivity Kinetics

Reactivity Feedback

Fission Product Poisons

Addendum 1: The Diffusion Equation

Addendum 2: Kinetic Model with Delayed Neutrons

Addendum 3: Solution for a Step Reactivity Insertion

Nuclear Power

Nuclear Electric Power

Generation II Pressurized Water Reactors

Generation II Boiling Water Reactors

Generation III Nuclear Reactor Designs

Generation IV Nuclear Reactor Designs

Other Advanced Reactor Concepts

The Nuclear Fuel Cycle

Nuclear Propulsion

Fusion Rectors and Other Conversion Devices

Fusion Reactors

Magnetically Confined Fusion (MCF)

Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF)

Other Fusion Machines

Thermoelectric Generators

Nuclear Technology in Industry and Research

Production in Radioisotopes

Industrial and Research Uses of Radioisotopes and Radiation

Tracer Applications

Materials Affect Radiation

Radiation Affects Materials

Particle Accelerators

Medical Applications of Nuclear Technology

Diagnostic Imaging

Radioimmunoassay

Diagnostic Radiotracers

Radioimmunoscintigraphy

Radiation Therapy

Appendix A Fundamental Atomic Data

Appendix B Atomic Mass Table

Appendix C Cross Sections and Related Data

Appendix D Decay Characteristics of Selected Radionuclides

Index

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Author(s)

Biography

J. Kenneth Shultis is a professor of Mechanical & Nuclear Engineering at Kansas State University in Manhattan, Kansas, where he holds the Black and Veatch Distinguished Professorship. Dr. Shultis received his BASC degree from the University of Toronto, and his MS and PhD degrees in Nuclear Science and Engineering from the University of Michigan. Prior to joining the faculty at Kansas State University he spent a year at the Mathematics Institute of the University of Groningen, the Netherlands. He is the author of five books in the areas of radiation protection and nuclear science and engineering, a Fellow of the American Nuclear Society, and recipient of the ASC’s Rockwell Lifetime Achievement Award.

Richard E. Faw is an Emeritus Professor in the Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering department, Kansas State University, where he taught from 1962 to 2000. He received his PhD, in Chemical Engineering, from the University of Minnesota. Dr. Faw currently resides in North Carolina. He is also a Fellow of the American Nuclear Society, and recipient of their Rockwell Lifetime Achievement Award for the work he and Dr. Shultis have done in the field of radiation shielding.

Reviews

"This is a comprehensive introduction to nuclear science and engineering. It’s an ideal book for undergraduate students as a first course in nuclear engineering. The book is well written and the basics are well described for the students. The chapter problems are appropriate to the subject matter and give students good practice examples. This is a really good book for an introductory course on Nuclear Science and Engineering."
— Chaitanya Deo, Georgia Institute of Technology


"The biggest application of nuclear technology is the production of electricity with fission process, one commonly referred as nuclear engineering, which has become a cross-cutting disciplinary by itself. However, nuclear science covers a much broader areas and applications that is beyond the convention domain of nuclear engineering. There are very few books could cover all these topics so well such as this book that starts with fundamental atomic introduction and extends to almost all aspect of nuclear science and engineering topics. Highly recommended as introductory level book to college students and professionals."
—L. Raymond Cao, The Ohio State University, Columbus, USA


"I have used the earlier editions of this book for a number of years and I plan to continue to use it, in the newer edition, this year and beyond.

I have found this text to be the best for a solid sophomore/junior level nuclear engineering introductory course. In fact, there is much more content than can be covered in a semester, so I find it to be a good text to have on the shelf as a general reference."
—Mary Lou Dunzik-Gougar, Idaho State University, USA

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