Sport is an integral part of society, playing a key role in human health and well-being, and cultural, political and economic development. As sport is becoming more complex, competitive, diverse, and increasingly reliant on technology, HFE theories, methods, and principles are progressively being applied to help understand and optimize sports systems.
Human Factors and Ergonomics in Sport: Applications and Future Directions showcases the latest in sports HFE research and practice. Including contributions from both HFE and sports science researchers, it provides a collection of state-of-the-art studies, reviews and commentaries covering a diverse set of sports and sporting issues.
"This book is an excellent resource for all academics and students in general. It provides updated theoretical foundations and applications that conceive a world where everything is connected and embedded in technology that allows us to capture, process and visualise actions and interactions, also at transdisciplinary levels."
Professor Jaime Sampaio, Head of the Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health and Human Development (CIDESD), University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal
"With the changing nature of work comes an ever-greater focus on leisure. Sport is a major dimension of this crucial form of human activity. Now comes Salmon and his colleagues who have assembled a panoply of world leaders who each provide their own individual perspectives on this intriguing world. Their emphasis on the human factors and ergonomics of these activities brings us new and exciting insights. A great read for the specialist and generalist alike."
Professor Peter Hancock, Pegasus Professor, Provost Distinguished Research Professor and Trustee Chair, University of Central Florida, USA.
"Finally, the complexity of sports and health is being considered in full. This book challenges contemporary thinking toward the prevention of injuries in sports, and provides tangible solutions to help our field into a new decade."
Professor Evert Verhagen, Amsterdam Collaboration on Health and Safety in Sports & Department of Public and Occupational Health, VU University Medical Center
Table of Contents
Table of contents
Chapter 1. An introduction to Human Factors and Ergonomics in sport, Paul M. Salmon, Adam Hulme, Scott McLean & Colin Solomon
Chapter 2. Sport as a complex sociotechnical system, Adam Hulme, Scott McLean, Paul M. Salmon
Chapter 3. Using the principle of scaling to improve skill acquisition and the overall sporting experience in children’s sport, Adam Gorman, Ian Renshaw, J. Headrick & C. J. McCormack
Chapter 4. Injury prevention in sport – Design with Implementation in Mind, Erich Petushek & Alex Donaldson
Chapter 5. Physical ergonomics of distance running footwear, Laurent Malisoux & Daniel Theisen
Chapter 6. The evolution of steering wheel design in motorsport, James W. H. Brown, Neville A. Stanton, Kirsten M. A. Revell
Chapter 7. Current methods for optimising sports wheelchairs at an individual level, David S. Haydon, Ross A. Pinder
Chapter 8. Optimising athlete performance in race vehicle systems exposed to mechanical shock and vibration, Neil J. Mansfield
Chapter 9. Decision-making in sports: looking at and beyond the recognition-primed decision model, Anne-Claire Macquet
Chapter 10. Distributed situation awareness in Australian Rules Football officiating, Timothy Neville, Gemma J. M. Read, Paul M. Salmon
Chapter 11. Cognitive load in sport, Suzanna Russell, Vincent G. Kelly, Shona L. Halson & David G. Jenkins
Chapter 12. Using constraints in a complex sports system: modern day training for modern day cricket, Will Vickery, Kayla McEwan, Matthew E Clark & Candice J. Christie
Chapter 13. Performance analysis in sport: a Human Factors and Ergonomics approach, Scott McLean, Paul M. Salmon, Adam D. Gorman & Colin Solomon
Chapter 14. Environmental factors influencing early participation in para-sport, Bridie Kean & Christina Driver
Chapter 15. Round and round and up and down we go again: using causal loop diagrams to model football club performance, Paul M. Salmon & Scott McLean
Chapter 16. Performance pathways in the sport of dressage: a systems ergonomics approach, Elise Berber, Vanessa Beanland, Amanda Clacy, Gemma J. M. Read
Chapter 17. Network analysis of the goals scored at the 2018 football world cup, Scott McLean, Paul M. Salmon, Orito Forsyth
Chapter 18. Preventing, identifying, and treating concussion: A systems approach to concussion management in community sport, Amanda Clacy & Glenn Holmes
Chapter 19. Using computational modelling for sports injury prevention: agent-based modelling and system dynamics modelling, Adam Hulme, Jason Thompson, Rasmus Nielsen, Gemma J. M. Read, Scott McLean, Ben R. Lane, Paul M. Salmon
Chapter 20. Summary and Future Applications of Human Factors and Ergonomics in Sport, Paul M. Salmon, Scott McLean & Adam Hulme
Paul M. Salmon is a professor in Human Factors and is the director of the Centre for Human Factors and Sociotechnical Systems at the University of the Sunshine Coast. Paul has almost twenty years’ experience of applied Human Factors research in areas such as road and rail safety, aviation, defence, sport and outdoor recreation, healthcare, workplace safety, and cybersecurity. His research has focused on understanding and optimizing human, team, organisational and system performance through the application of Human Factors theory and methods. He has co-authored 19 books, over 200 peer reviewed journal articles, and numerous book chapters and conference contributions. Paul’s contribution has been recognized through various accolades, including the Chartered Institute for Ergonomics and Human Factor’s 2019 William Floyd award and 2008 Presidents Medal, the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Australia’s 2017 Cumming memorial medal, and the International Ergonomics Association’s 2018 research impacting practice award.
Dr.Scott McLean is a Research Fellow and the theme leader for Sport and Outdoor Recreation at the Centre for Human Factors and Sociotechnical Systems (CHFSTS)at the University of the Sunshine Coast. Scott has a background in Exercise Science(MSc, BExSc) and obtained his PhD applying Human Factors and Ergonomics methods in sport, in which he received the David Ferguson Award from the HumanFactors and Ergonomics Society of Australia for the best PhD thesis. His research spans a broad range of domains including sports science, safety science, and systems thinking. During his PhD and current post-doctoral research, Scott has madea number of significant research contributions which have advanced knowledge in the areas of team performance analysis, coaching, sports system modelling, applying Human Factors and Ergonomics in sport, incident reporting systems in outdoor recreation, and complex system modelling of the road safety system. Scott has experience working with and conducting research with industry, i.e. professional sporting clubs and an international football team, government agencies, as well as international collaborators. Scott is also a successful and award-winning football coach, which ensures that his research has a focus on delivering practice implications.
Clare Dallat is the Executive Director of Research and The Outdoor Education Foundation at The Outdoor Education Group, a large not-for-profit educational organisation in Australia. Clare also directs Risk Resolve, a consultancy service that works with organisations across the globe helping them to construct knowledge and confidence to proactively and reactively manage risks to their participants and staff. She has over twenty years of practice in all aspects of the led-outdoor activity domain. Clare holds a PhD in Human Factors from the Centre for Human Factors and Sociotechnical Systems at The University of the Sunshine Coast, and an MSc. in Risk, Crisis and Disaster Management. Her research has focused on the design and application of Human Factors methods for accident prediction and analysis in led outdoor activities. As an elite level cyclist with an international stage win to her name prior to a career ending hip injury, Clare has a unique insight as both an athlete, and a researcher in the elite sport domain. In 2018, she became the first person outside of North America to win the prestigious Reb Gregg Award for exceptional leadership, innovation and contribution to international wilderness risk management.
Neil Mansfield is Professor of Human Factors Engineering and is Head of the Department of Engineering at Nottingham Trent University, UK. The Department offers programmes in Sport Engineering and Biomedical Engineering in addition to traditional engineering disciplines. His research focuses on optimising the experience, performance, and wellbeing of product users. He has a particular expertise in designing for dynamic environments including vibration and shock, and design for the most vulnerable. Applications have included optimisation of workspaces across the breadth of transport applications from cars, high-speed boats, trains and aircraft, through to mining, agricultural, and military vehicles, and design of transport systems for premature babies. He has also worked with sports equipment manufacturers and elite athletes to understand and optimise performance whilst minimising risk of injury, including golf, badminton, motorsport, cycling, skeleton, and power boats. Neil was editor of the Journal Ergonomics for 10 years until 2017 when he became President of the Chartered Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors. He is organizer of the biannual Comfort Congress.
Colin Solomon is an Associate Professor in Exercise Physiology at the University of the Sunshine Coast. He has twenty-five years experience in research and teaching in human exercise and respiratory physiology, including specifically pulmonary ventilation, oxygen distribution, inhalation toxicology, and asthma, ranging from systemic physiology to molecular biology. To date, he has authored 40+ peer reviewed research journal articles and government reports and 40+ peer reviewed conference presentations. He has received substantial competitive funding for his research. He is an experienced research supervisor of Honours, Masters and Ph.D. students, former Associate Dean of Graduate Studies and former member of the Executive of the Australian Council of Graduate Research.
Dr.Adam Hulme is a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow at the Centre for Human Factors and Sociotechnical Systems at the University of the Sunshine Coast. He hasa Bachelor of Science in Sport Exercise Science and an Honours degree in Sports Psychology (The University of Cumbria, Lancaster, England), a Master of HealthPromotion (USC, Queensland, Australia), and obtained a Doctor of Philosophy in Sports Injury Epidemiology and Human Factors and Ergonomics (HFE) in August 2017 (Federation University Australia, Ballarat, Victoria). His doctoral program was completed at the Australian Centre for Research into Injury in Sport and its Prevention (ACRISP), which is recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) as a world leading research centre. His main areas of expertise and interest include the application of qualitative and quantitative methods and approaches that are grounded in systems theory to enhance the health and safety of athletes in complex sociotechnical sports systems. Adam has published numerous peer reviewed journal articles that involve the use of traditional epidemiological approaches, HFEmodels and methods, and computational and simulation modelling.