Introduction to Human Factors and Ergonomics for Engineers: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Introduction to Human Factors and Ergonomics for Engineers

2nd Edition

By Mark R. Lehto, Steven J. Landry

CRC Press

794 pages | 8 Color Illus. | 184 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781439853948
pub: 2012-10-26
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Description

Supplying a breadth and depth of coverage beyond that found in most traditional texts, Introduction to Human Factors and Ergonomics for Engineers, Second Edition presents and integrates important methods and tools used in the fields of Industrial Engineering, Human Factors and Ergonomics to design and improve jobs, tasks and products. It presents these topics with a practical, applied orientation suitable for engineering undergraduate students.

See What’s New in the Second Edition:

  • Revised order of chapters to group together topics related to the physical and cognitive aspects of human-integrated systems
  • Substantially updated material emphasizes the design of products people work with, tasks or jobs people perform, and environments in which people live

The book has sufficient material to be used in its entirety for a two semester sequence of classes, or in part for a single semester course, focusing on selected topics covered in the text. The authors provide a set of guidelines and principles for the design and analysis of human-integrated systems and highlights their application to industry and service systems. It addresses the topics of human factors, work measurement and methods improvement, and product design an approachable style. The common thread throughout the book is on how better "human factors" can lead to improved safety, comfort, enjoyment, acceptance, and effectiveness in all application arenas. Packed with cases studies and examples, readers can use well beyond the classroom and into their professional lives.

Table of Contents

A GUIDED TOUR OF ERGONOMIC DESIGN

About This Chapter

Introduction

What Is Ergonomic Design?

Human-Centered Design

Military Equipment Design

Ergonomic Criteria

Models of Human Performance

Macroergonomics

Carrots and Sticks

Trends in Industry That Impact Ergonomic Design

Organizations and Additional Information on Ergonomic Design

Ergonomic Methods

Final Remarks

References

Discussion Questions and Exercises

THE HUMAN SYSTEM

About This Chapter

Introduction

The Skeletal Subsystem

The Muscles

Body Movement

The Sensory Subsystems

Support Subsystems

Final Remarks

References

Discussion Questions and Exercises

DESIGN TO FIT TASKS, PROCESSES, AND PEOPLE

About The Chapter

Introduction

Ergonomic Design Principles

Visual Graphics of Operations

Analysis of Tasks and Jobs

Final Remarks

References

Discussion Questions and Exercises

ASSESSMENT AND DESIGN OF THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT

About the Chapter

Introduction

Cleanliness, Clutter, and Disorder

Temperature and Humidity

Lightening and Illumination

Noise

Final Remarks

References

Discussion Questions and Exercises

DESIGN OF WORK AREAS, TOOLS, AND EQUIPMENT

About the Chapter

Introduction

Applied Anthropometry

Design of Work Areas and Stations

Office Design

Design of Tools and Equipment

Protective Equipment for the Operator

Accommodating Handicapped People

Final Remarks

References

Discussion Questions and Exercises

METHODS IMPROVEMENT & MOTION ANALYSIS OF PHYSICAL TASKS

About the Chapter

Introduction

Methods Improvement

Motion and Micromotion Study

Manual Materials Handling

Final Remarks

References

Discussion Questions and Exercises

MEASUREMENT OF HUMAN PERFORMANCE

About the Chapter

Introduction

Some Probabilistic Assumptions

Time Study

Performance Leveling

Determining Allowances

Maintaining Standards

Indirect Performance Measurement

Criteria Other Than Time

Final Remarks

References

Discussion Questions and Exercises

PREDICTING HUMAN PERFORMANCE

About the Chapter

Introduction

Synthetic Data Systems

Standard Data Systems

Cognitive Modeling

Final Comments

References

Discussion Questions and Exercises

MEASUREMENT OF LEARNING AND FORGETTING

About This Chapter

Introduction

Performance Criteria and Experience Units

Some Learning Curve Models

Comparing Alternatives for Learnability

The Correct Learning Curve Model

Forgetting Curves

Final Comments

References

Discussion Questions and Exercises

SAMPLING METHODS IN INDUSTRIAL ERGONOMICS

About This Chapter

Introduction

Activity Sampling

Sampling Strategies

Sequential Bayesian Work Sampling

Final Comments

References

Discussion Questions and Exercises

QUESTIONNAIRES AND INTERVIEW

About the Chapter

Introduction

Questionnaire Design

Interviews

Final Remarks

References

Discussion Questions and Exercises

SIMULATION IN ERGONOMIC DESIGN

About the Chapter

Introduction

Essential Elements of Computer Simulation

Cognitive Simulation

Operator-in-the-Loop Simulation

A Simulation Strategy

Design of Simulation Experiments

Final Remarks

References

Discussion Questions and Exercises

DESIGN FOR CREW-TEAM OPERATIONS

About the Chapter

Introduction

Industrial Work Teams

Simulating Industrial Crews

Research, Development, and Design Teams

Final Remarks

References

Discussion Questions and Exercises

ERGONOMICS IN MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR

About the Chapter

Introduction

System Reliability and Availability

Maintenance Programs

Reducing Maintenance Effort

Final Remarks

References

Discussion Questions and Exercises

ERGONOMICS OF PRODUCT QUALITY AND USABILITY

About the Chapter

Introduction

Quality Management & Customer Driven Design

Usability Analysis & Testing

Designed Experiments

Final Remarks

References

Exercises and Discussion Questions

INSPECTION & QUALITY CONTROL

About the Chapter

Introduction

Some Common Types of Inspection

Human Inspection

Signal Detection Theory (SDT)

Inspection Economics

Improvement & Correction Strategies

Final Comments

References

Discussion Questions and Exercises

MACROERGONOMICS OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH

About This Chapter

Introduction

Some Historical Background

Fundamental Concepts of Industrial Safety and Health

Contemporary Occupational Health and Safety Management

Hazards and Control Measures

Warnings and Safety Programs

Final Remarks

References

Discussion Questions and Exercises

COMMUNICATION AND DISPLAY DESIGN

About the Chapter

Introduction

Communication Theory

Human Information Processing

Display Design

Final Comments

References

Discussion Questions and Exercises

ERGONOMICS OF CONTROL

About this Chapter

Introduction

Control Systems

Manual Control

Design of Controls

Fuzzy Control

Supervisory Control

Final Comments

References

Some Discussion Questions

DECISION MAKING & DECISION SUPPORT

About This Chapter

Introduction

Classical or Normative Decision Theory

Behavioral Decision Theory

Naturalistic Decision Theory

Group Decision Making

Decision Support

Final Remarks

References

PERSONNEL SELECTION, PLACEMENT, AND TRAINING

About the Chapter

Introduction

Personnel Selection and Placement

Training

Job Aids

Economic Considerations in Training

Final Comments

References

Discussion and Exercise Questions

Suggested Solutions

DESIGN FOR COMPENSATION AND ACCOMMODATION

About This Chapter

Introduction

Job Evaluation

Measuring Productivity

Wage Administration

Job Design for Sub-Populations

Final Remarks

References

Some Discussion Questions

Some Exercises

Solutions to Exercises

Appendix A: Selling Ergonomics to Management

Appendix B: Economic Analysis of Projects in Ergonomic Design and Management

Appendix C: Some Probability Distributions

Appendix D: Tables of Statistical Distributions

Appendix E: Some Fundamentals of Statistical Regression and Correlation

Appendix F: Fundamentals of Analysis of Variance

About the Series

Human Factors and Ergonomics

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC017000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety