Advances in itch research have elucidated differences between itch and pain but have also blurred the distinction between them. There is a long debate about how somatic sensations including touch, pain, itch, and temperature sensitivity are encoded by the nervous system. Research suggests that each sensory modality is processed along a fixed, direct-line communication system from the skin to the brain.
Itch: Mechanisms and Treatment presents a timely update on all aspects of itch research and the clinical treatment of itch that accompanies many dermatological conditions including psoriasis, neuropathic itch, cutaneous t-cells lymphomas, and systemic diseases such as kidney and liver disease and cancer.
Composed of contributions from distinguished researchers around the world, the book explores topics such as:
- Neuropathic itch
- Peripheral neuronal mechanism of itch
- The role of PAR-2 in neuroimmune communication and itch
- Mrgprs as itch receptors
- The role of interleukin-31 and oncostatin M in itch and neuroimmune communication
- Spinal coding of itch and pain
- Spinal microcircuits and the regulation of itch
Examining new findings on cellular and molecular mechanisms, the book is a compendium of the most current research on itch, its prevalence in society, and the problems associated with treatment.
Table of Contents
Itch Hypotheses: From Pattern to Specificity and to Population Coding; Hermann O. Handwerker
Epidemiology of Itch; Elke Weisshaar and Uwe Matterne
Atopic Dermatitis; Ulf Darsow, Ulrike Raap, and Sonja Ständer
Clinical Aspects of Itch: Psoriasis; Adam Reich and Jacek C. Szepietowski
Pruritus in Renal Disease; Thomas Mettang
Pruritus of Cholestasis; Nora V. Bergasa
Neuropathic Itch; Anne Louise Oaklander
Pruritus in Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphomas; L. Misery
Pruriceptors; Matthias Ringkamp and Richard Meyer
Peripheral Neuronal Mechanism of Itch 1: Histamine and Itch; Robin L. Thurmond, Kayvan Kazerouni, Sandra R. Chaplan, and Andrew J. Greenspan
Role of PAR-2 in Neuroimmune Communication and Itch; Cordula Kempkes, Joerg Buddenkotte, Ferda Cevikbas, Timo Buhl, and Martin Steinhoff
Mrgprs as Itch Receptors; Benjamin McNeil and Xinzhong Dong
Role of Interleukin-31 and Oncostatin M in Itch and Neuroimmune Communication; Ferda Cevikbas, Cordula Kempkes, Timo Buhl, Christian Mess, Joerg Buddenkotte, and Martin Steinhoff
Toll-Like Receptors and Itch; Tong Liu and Ru-Rong Ji
Lipid Mediators and Itch; Tsugunobu Andoh and Yasushi Kuraishi
The Role of Transient Receptor Potential Channels in Acute and
Chronic Itch; Sarah R. Wilson and Diana M. Bautista
Sensitization of Itch Signaling 2: Itch Sensitization—Nerve Growth Factor, Semaphorins; Mitsutoshi Tominaga and Kenji Takamori
Peripheral Opioids; Paul L. Bigliardi and Mei Bigliardi-Qi
Spinal Coding of Itch and Pain; Tasuku Akiyama and Earl Carstens
Spinal Microcircuits and the Regulation of Itch; Sarah E. Ross, Junichi Hachisuka, and Andrew J. Todd
Itch Modulation by VGLUT2-Dependent Glutamate Release from Somatic Sensory Neurons; Qiufu Ma
Ascending Pathways for Itch; Steve Davidson, Hannah Moser, and Glenn Giesler
The Brain Processing of Itch and Scratching; Hideki Mochizuki, Alexandru D.P. Papoiu, and Gil Yosipovitch
Central Nervous Processing of Itch and Pain; Clemens Forster and Hermann O. Handwerker
Roles of Central Opioid Receptor Subtypes in Regulating Itch Sensation; Mei-Chuan Ko
Sensitization for Itch; Martin Schmelz
Earl Carstens is Distinguished Professor of Neurobiology, Physiology and Behavior at the University of California, Davis. Dr. Carstens received his B.S. degree in biological sciences from Cornell University and his PhD degree from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, in neurobiology. He conducted postdoctoral research on descending modulation of pain at the University of Heidelberg (Germany) school of medicine and joined the faculty at the University of California, Davis in 1980, where his research interests have focused on somatosensory mechanisms and particularly itch, pain, and chemesthesis. He was awarded Fulbright Senior Professor Research Awards in 1987 and again in 1995. He is currently vice president of the International Forum for the Study of Itch. Dr. Carstens has coauthored numerous research articles, book chapters, and reviews on itch, pain, chemesthesis, and mechanisms of anesthetic action.
Tasuku Akiyama is an assistant project scientist at the University of California, Davis. Born in Yamaguchi, he received his PhD in pharmacology at Toyama University. From 2008 to 2012, he was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California, Davis, where he is currently an assistant project scientist. Dr. Akiyama’s research focuses on the investigation of neuronal mechanisms of itch and pain. His published work includes studies on the spinal and trigeminal processing of itch and pain, the neuronal mechanisms of itch in mosquito bite and dry skin, and the mechanisms of itch sensitization under chronic itch conditions.