Biomaterials are produced in situ and in vivo in the body using mainly hydration reactions, that is, reactions between phosphates, silicates or aluminates, and water. The nanostructural integration of these biomaterials in the body is controlled by six mechanisms. The biomaterial interaction with body liquid results in bioactivity and total closure
Introduction to Nanostructural Chemically Bonded Bioceramics. Classification of Bioceramics. General Properties. Specific Properties. Nanostructural Mechanisms and Integration to Hard Tissue. Nanostructures Including Nanoporosity. Applications. Future Trends.