Heritage stones are those stones that have been used for many years, even centuries, to build the historic buildings and monuments of places around the world. Some of these stones are still being used for construction, but others are no longer used, either because quarries were exhausted or closed or because architects and constructors do not know about their particularities and importance. Several scientific papers discuss many of these stones, and a number of papers are currently being prepared, but this book is the first to emphasize the importance and significance of natural stone in the construction of a city, Salamanca, recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO since 1988. In light of this recognition, Salamanca has a duty to preserve all historic buildings that make up the city by restoring those that are starting to deteriorate centuries after their construction. This book describes the buildings, the stones (all quarried centuries ago in the surrounding area), and the stone quarries, some of them inactive for many years, but that should still allow extraction of blocks on demand to restore and replace damaged specimens in the buildings, preserving the very character that saw the city receive recognition by UNESCO in the first place. There are many other places around the world that should follow this initiative and disseminate the importance of their heritage stones. This book will be of interest to professionals and academics in Geology, Engineering, architectural and artistic work in stone, both construction and conservation, but also to the general public.
2 World Heritage Sites
3 Salamanca: a World Heritage Site
4 The buildings in Salamanca
5 The stones of Salamanca
6 Stone testing
7 Conclusions: the importance of stones in the preservation of cultural heritage
This is a series of short books on specialized topics that fall under the overarching theme of geological and cultural heritage of stone, the built environment, and the geological and engineering characteristics of the dimension and ornamental stones. The books deal with well documented case studies of construction and restoration works at one or more specific sites and/or monuments related to World Heritage, providing detailed overviews of construction techniques, documentation of the materials utilized during the historical period in which the monuments were built, and specific conservation / preservation works that have been carried out. The books highlight the importance of natural stone in the preservation of cultural heritage in a sustainable way: moreover, natural stones (heritage stones) often represent the tangible trace of culture development in specific areas, including important activities like quarrying. The books are closely linked to UNESCO World Heritage sites around the world.
Preservation of historic buildings, monuments and historic sites is one of the most challenging problems facing modern civilization. It involves various cultural, humanistic, social, technical and economic aspects in inextricably complex relationships and patterns. The complexity of the topic is such that a shared framework of reference is still lacking among art historians, archeologists, architects, geologists, structural and geotechnical engineers, chemists and biologists. This is proved by the fact that, despite there being exemplary cases of the preservation of structural components with retention of their static and architectural function, as a material witness of the knowledge and the culture and the construction techniques of the original historical period, there are still examples of uncritical confidence in modern technology which leads to the replacement of previous structures with new ones, which only preserve an iconic appearance of the original monument.
For this reason publishing short books on specialized topics, such as well documented case studies of construction and restoration works using natural stone at one or more specific sites or of a specific monument, or detailed overviews of construction techniques, intended to provide detailed information on the historical period in which the monuments was built, or specific conservation/preservation works, will be of great value.
MAIN FIELDS COVERED BY THE BOOK SERIES
Geology, geotechnical engineering, architecture, art history, archaeology, cultural heritage management, restoration and preservation.
ADVISORY EDITORIAL BOARD
Brian Marker, Consultant, UK
Giovanna Antonella Dino, University of Torino, Italy
Gurmeet Kaur, Center of Advanced Study in Geology, Panjab University, India
Patrick N. Wyse Jackson, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland
The audience for these books will consist of professionals and academics in the wider fields of Geology, Architecture, Cultural Resources Management, and particularly those involved in Art History, History of Architecture, Geotechnical and Mining Engineering, Archaeology, Restoration and Cultural Heritage management, and will be written in terms that are accessible by the interested wider public.