1st Edition

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Studies of Interfacial Phenomena

    1040 Pages 784 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Properties and applications of high surface area materials depend on interfacial phenomena, including diffusion, sorption, dissolution, solvation, surface reactions, catalysis, and phase transitions. Among the physicochemical methods that give useful information regarding these complex phenomena, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is the most universal, yielding detailed structural data regarding molecules, solids, and interfaces. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Studies of Interfacial Phenomena summarizes NMR research results collected over the past three decades for a wide range of materials—from nanomaterials and nanocomposites to biomaterials, cells, tissues, and seeds.

    This book describes the applications of important new NMR spectroscopic methods to a variety of useful materials and compares them with results from other techniques such as adsorption, differential scanning calorimetry, thermally stimulated depolarization current, dielectric relaxation spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, optical microscopy, and small-angle and wide-angle x-ray scattering. The text explores the application of NMR spectroscopy to examine interfacial phenomena in objects of increasing complexity, beginning with unmodified and modified silica materials. It then describes properties of various mixed oxides with comparisons to individual oxides and also describes carbon materials such as graphite and carbon nanotubes.

    Chapters deal with carbon–mineral hybrids and their mosaic surface structures, and interfacial phenomena at the surface of natural and synthetics polymers. They also explore a variety of biosystems, which are much more complex, including biomacromolecules (proteins, DNA, and lipids), cells and tissues, and seeds and herbs. The authors cover trends in interfacial phenomena investigations, and the final chapter describes NMR and other methods used in the book. This text presents a comprehensive description of a large array of hard and soft materials, allowing the analysis of the structure–property relationships and generalities on the interfacial behavior of materials and adsorbates.

    Unmodified and Modified Silicas
    Interfacial Phenomena at a Surface of Nanosilica
    Silica gels, Aerogels, Silochrome, and Poly(methylsiloxane): Structural, Interfacial and Adsorption Characteristics, and Structure–Property Relationships
    Interfacial Phenomena at Surfaces of Structurally Ordered Silicas
    Thin Films and Other Moieties on Silica Supports

    Interfacial Phenomena at Surfaces of Mixed Oxides
    Mixed Nanooxides
    Porous Oxides as a Function of Morphology
    Structurally Ordered Oxides
    Nanocrystalline and Microcrystalline Materials
    Clays, Zeolites, and Other Natural Minerals

    Interfacial Phenomena at Surfaces of Carbon Materials
    Texture of Carbonaceous Materials and Chemical Shift of Adsorbed Molecules
    Activated Carbons
    Graphitized Carbons and Graphite
    Carbon Nanotubes

    Interfacial Phenomena at Carbon–Mineral Composites
    Carbon Blacks
    Carbonized Silicas and Mixed Oxides

    Interfacial Phenomena at Polymer Surfaces
    Natural Polymers: Cellulose, Starch, Chitosan, Hyaluronic Acid, and Others
    Synthetic Polymers
    Hydrogels and Cryogels
    Polymer–Nanooxide Systems
    Polymers in Confined Space of Pores

    Interactions of Biomacromolecules with Water, Organic Compounds, and Oxides, Polymers, and Carbon Adsorbents
    Proteins in Adsorbed State

    Water Associated with Bio-Objects: Cells and Tissues
    Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cells
    Intracellular Water in Partially Dehydrated Bone Marrow Cells
    Freeze-Dried Bovine Gametes with Organic Additives
    Red Blood Cells
    Bone Tissue
    Muscular Tissues
    Intracellular Water and Cryopreservation

    Interaction of Seeds, Herbs, and Related Materials with Water and Nanooxides

    Recurring Trends in Adsorption, Spectroscopy, and Other Interfacial Experiments


    Low-Temperature 1H NMR Spectroscopy
    Low-Temperature Nitrogen Adsorption
    Adsorption of Water and Organics
    Polymer and Protein Adsorption
    Infrared Spectroscopy
    Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    Auger Electron Spectroscopy
    Temperature-Programmed Desorption with Mass-Spectrometry Control
    Thermally Stimulated Depolarization Current
    Dielectric Relaxation Spectroscopy
    Ultraviolet–Visible Spectroscopy
    Potentiometric Titration
    Photon Correlation Spectroscopy
    Adsorption of Metal Ions
    X-Ray Diffraction
    Raman Spectroscopy
    AFM, SEM, and TEM
    Quantum Chemistry


    Vladimir M. Gun’ko, DSc, is a professor and head of the Department of Amorphous and Structurally Ordered Oxides, Chuiko Institute of Surface Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. He has coauthored 3 books, edited 1 book, published about 400 papers, and made about 200 presentations at conferences. He also serves on the editorial board of four journals and Surface, a periodic book published one to two times per year. He is a member of the American Nano Society (USA) and an electronic member of The Royal Society of Chemistry (UK). Gun’ko’s research interests include quantum and molecular mechanics and dynamics, development of computational algorithms in molecular physics and surface chemistry, modeling of interfacial phenomena, and synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials.

    Vladimir V. Turov, DSc, is a professor and head of the Department of Biomedical Problems of Surface, Chuiko Institute of Surface Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. He has coauthored 3 books, edited 1 book, published about 250 papers, and has presented at about 100 conferences. He serves on the editorial board of the journal Chemistry, Physics & Technology of Surface and the periodic book Surface, published one to two times per year. He has been a member of the Society of Chemistry of Ukraine since 1986. Turov’s research interests include molecular interactions in confined space, low-temperature NMR spectroscopy of porous nanomaterials and bio-objects, and water structure in complex mixtures.