Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Studies of Interfacial Phenomena: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Studies of Interfacial Phenomena

1st Edition

By Vladimir M. Gun'ko, Vladimir V. Turov

CRC Press

1,040 pages | 784 B/W Illus.

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Description

Properties and applications of high surface area materials depend on interfacial phenomena, including diffusion, sorption, dissolution, solvation, surface reactions, catalysis, and phase transitions. Among the physicochemical methods that give useful information regarding these complex phenomena, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is the most universal, yielding detailed structural data regarding molecules, solids, and interfaces. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Studies of Interfacial Phenomena summarizes NMR research results collected over the past three decades for a wide range of materials—from nanomaterials and nanocomposites to biomaterials, cells, tissues, and seeds.

This book describes the applications of important new NMR spectroscopic methods to a variety of useful materials and compares them with results from other techniques such as adsorption, differential scanning calorimetry, thermally stimulated depolarization current, dielectric relaxation spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, optical microscopy, and small-angle and wide-angle x-ray scattering. The text explores the application of NMR spectroscopy to examine interfacial phenomena in objects of increasing complexity, beginning with unmodified and modified silica materials. It then describes properties of various mixed oxides with comparisons to individual oxides and also describes carbon materials such as graphite and carbon nanotubes.

Chapters deal with carbon–mineral hybrids and their mosaic surface structures, and interfacial phenomena at the surface of natural and synthetics polymers. They also explore a variety of biosystems, which are much more complex, including biomacromolecules (proteins, DNA, and lipids), cells and tissues, and seeds and herbs. The authors cover trends in interfacial phenomena investigations, and the final chapter describes NMR and other methods used in the book. This text presents a comprehensive description of a large array of hard and soft materials, allowing the analysis of the structure–property relationships and generalities on the interfacial behavior of materials and adsorbates.

Table of Contents

Unmodified and Modified Silicas

Interfacial Phenomena at a Surface of Nanosilica

Silica gels, Aerogels, Silochrome, and Poly(methylsiloxane): Structural, Interfacial and Adsorption Characteristics, and Structure–Property Relationships

Interfacial Phenomena at Surfaces of Structurally Ordered Silicas

Thin Films and Other Moieties on Silica Supports

Interfacial Phenomena at Surfaces of Mixed Oxides

Mixed Nanooxides

Porous Oxides as a Function of Morphology

Structurally Ordered Oxides

Nanocrystalline and Microcrystalline Materials

Clays, Zeolites, and Other Natural Minerals

Interfacial Phenomena at Surfaces of Carbon Materials

Texture of Carbonaceous Materials and Chemical Shift of Adsorbed Molecules

Activated Carbons

Graphitized Carbons and Graphite

Carbon Nanotubes

Interfacial Phenomena at Carbon–Mineral Composites

Carbon Blacks

Carbonized Silicas and Mixed Oxides

Interfacial Phenomena at Polymer Surfaces

Natural Polymers: Cellulose, Starch, Chitosan, Hyaluronic Acid, and Others

Synthetic Polymers

Hydrogels and Cryogels

Polymer–Nanooxide Systems

Polymers in Confined Space of Pores

Interactions of Biomacromolecules with Water, Organic Compounds, and Oxides, Polymers, and Carbon Adsorbents

Proteins

Proteins in Adsorbed State

DNA

Lipids

Water Associated with Bio-Objects: Cells and Tissues

Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cells

Intracellular Water in Partially Dehydrated Bone Marrow Cells

Freeze-Dried Bovine Gametes with Organic Additives

Red Blood Cells

Bone Tissue

Muscular Tissues

Intracellular Water and Cryopreservation

Interaction of Seeds, Herbs, and Related Materials with Water and Nanooxides

Recurring Trends in Adsorption, Spectroscopy, and Other Interfacial Experiments

Methods

Low-Temperature 1H NMR Spectroscopy

Low-Temperature Nitrogen Adsorption

Adsorption of Water and Organics

Polymer and Protein Adsorption

Infrared Spectroscopy

Thermogravimetry

Differential Scanning Calorimetry

Auger Electron Spectroscopy

Temperature-Programmed Desorption with Mass-Spectrometry Control

Thermally Stimulated Depolarization Current

Dielectric Relaxation Spectroscopy

Ultraviolet–Visible Spectroscopy

Rheometry

Potentiometric Titration

Photon Correlation Spectroscopy

Adsorption of Metal Ions

X-Ray Diffraction

Raman Spectroscopy

AFM, SEM, and TEM

Quantum Chemistry

Conclusions

About the Authors

Vladimir M. Gun’ko, DSc, is a professor and head of the Department of Amorphous and Structurally Ordered Oxides, Chuiko Institute of Surface Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. He has coauthored 3 books, edited 1 book, published about 400 papers, and made about 200 presentations at conferences. He also serves on the editorial board of four journals and Surface, a periodic book published one to two times per year. He is a member of the American Nano Society (USA) and an electronic member of The Royal Society of Chemistry (UK). Gun’ko’s research interests include quantum and molecular mechanics and dynamics, development of computational algorithms in molecular physics and surface chemistry, modeling of interfacial phenomena, and synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials.

Vladimir V. Turov, DSc, is a professor and head of the Department of Biomedical Problems of Surface, Chuiko Institute of Surface Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. He has coauthored 3 books, edited 1 book, published about 250 papers, and has presented at about 100 conferences. He serves on the editorial board of the journal Chemistry, Physics & Technology of Surface and the periodic book Surface, published one to two times per year. He has been a member of the Society of Chemistry of Ukraine since 1986. Turov’s research interests include molecular interactions in confined space, low-temperature NMR spectroscopy of porous nanomaterials and bio-objects, and water structure in complex mixtures.

About the Series

Surfactant Science

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013050
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Physical & Theoretical
SCI078000
SCIENCE / Spectroscopy & Spectrum Analysis
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science