Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Studies of Interfacial Phenomena  book cover
1st Edition

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Studies of Interfacial Phenomena

ISBN 9781466551688
Published April 8, 2013 by CRC Press
1040 Pages 784 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Properties and applications of high surface area materials depend on interfacial phenomena, including diffusion, sorption, dissolution, solvation, surface reactions, catalysis, and phase transitions. Among the physicochemical methods that give useful information regarding these complex phenomena, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is the most universal, yielding detailed structural data regarding molecules, solids, and interfaces. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Studies of Interfacial Phenomena summarizes NMR research results collected over the past three decades for a wide range of materials—from nanomaterials and nanocomposites to biomaterials, cells, tissues, and seeds.

This book describes the applications of important new NMR spectroscopic methods to a variety of useful materials and compares them with results from other techniques such as adsorption, differential scanning calorimetry, thermally stimulated depolarization current, dielectric relaxation spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, optical microscopy, and small-angle and wide-angle x-ray scattering. The text explores the application of NMR spectroscopy to examine interfacial phenomena in objects of increasing complexity, beginning with unmodified and modified silica materials. It then describes properties of various mixed oxides with comparisons to individual oxides and also describes carbon materials such as graphite and carbon nanotubes.

Chapters deal with carbon–mineral hybrids and their mosaic surface structures, and interfacial phenomena at the surface of natural and synthetics polymers. They also explore a variety of biosystems, which are much more complex, including biomacromolecules (proteins, DNA, and lipids), cells and tissues, and seeds and herbs. The authors cover trends in interfacial phenomena investigations, and the final chapter describes NMR and other methods used in the book. This text presents a comprehensive description of a large array of hard and soft materials, allowing the analysis of the structure–property relationships and generalities on the interfacial behavior of materials and adsorbates.

Table of Contents

Unmodified and Modified Silicas
Interfacial Phenomena at a Surface of Nanosilica
Silica gels, Aerogels, Silochrome, and Poly(methylsiloxane): Structural, Interfacial and Adsorption Characteristics, and Structure–Property Relationships
Interfacial Phenomena at Surfaces of Structurally Ordered Silicas
Thin Films and Other Moieties on Silica Supports

Interfacial Phenomena at Surfaces of Mixed Oxides
Mixed Nanooxides
Porous Oxides as a Function of Morphology
Structurally Ordered Oxides
Nanocrystalline and Microcrystalline Materials
Clays, Zeolites, and Other Natural Minerals

Interfacial Phenomena at Surfaces of Carbon Materials
Texture of Carbonaceous Materials and Chemical Shift of Adsorbed Molecules
Activated Carbons
Graphitized Carbons and Graphite
Carbon Nanotubes

Interfacial Phenomena at Carbon–Mineral Composites
Carbon Blacks
Carbonized Silicas and Mixed Oxides

Interfacial Phenomena at Polymer Surfaces
Natural Polymers: Cellulose, Starch, Chitosan, Hyaluronic Acid, and Others
Synthetic Polymers
Hydrogels and Cryogels
Polymer–Nanooxide Systems
Polymers in Confined Space of Pores

Interactions of Biomacromolecules with Water, Organic Compounds, and Oxides, Polymers, and Carbon Adsorbents
Proteins in Adsorbed State

Water Associated with Bio-Objects: Cells and Tissues
Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cells
Intracellular Water in Partially Dehydrated Bone Marrow Cells
Freeze-Dried Bovine Gametes with Organic Additives
Red Blood Cells
Bone Tissue
Muscular Tissues
Intracellular Water and Cryopreservation

Interaction of Seeds, Herbs, and Related Materials with Water and Nanooxides

Recurring Trends in Adsorption, Spectroscopy, and Other Interfacial Experiments


Low-Temperature 1H NMR Spectroscopy
Low-Temperature Nitrogen Adsorption
Adsorption of Water and Organics
Polymer and Protein Adsorption
Infrared Spectroscopy
Differential Scanning Calorimetry
Auger Electron Spectroscopy
Temperature-Programmed Desorption with Mass-Spectrometry Control
Thermally Stimulated Depolarization Current
Dielectric Relaxation Spectroscopy
Ultraviolet–Visible Spectroscopy
Potentiometric Titration
Photon Correlation Spectroscopy
Adsorption of Metal Ions
X-Ray Diffraction
Raman Spectroscopy
Quantum Chemistry

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Vladimir M. Gun’ko, DSc, is a professor and head of the Department of Amorphous and Structurally Ordered Oxides, Chuiko Institute of Surface Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. He has coauthored 3 books, edited 1 book, published about 400 papers, and made about 200 presentations at conferences. He also serves on the editorial board of four journals and Surface, a periodic book published one to two times per year. He is a member of the American Nano Society (USA) and an electronic member of The Royal Society of Chemistry (UK). Gun’ko’s research interests include quantum and molecular mechanics and dynamics, development of computational algorithms in molecular physics and surface chemistry, modeling of interfacial phenomena, and synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials.

Vladimir V. Turov, DSc, is a professor and head of the Department of Biomedical Problems of Surface, Chuiko Institute of Surface Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. He has coauthored 3 books, edited 1 book, published about 250 papers, and has presented at about 100 conferences. He serves on the editorial board of the journal Chemistry, Physics & Technology of Surface and the periodic book Surface, published one to two times per year. He has been a member of the Society of Chemistry of Ukraine since 1986. Turov’s research interests include molecular interactions in confined space, low-temperature NMR spectroscopy of porous nanomaterials and bio-objects, and water structure in complex mixtures.