One in six couples around the world experience infertility. Before undertaking expensive and intrusive assisted reproductive treatment such as in vitro fertilization, many seek advice from their physicians or dietitians on what foods and supplements might enhance their fertility. But health practitioners are often ill equipped to provide dietary recommendations in a scientifically based manner. Nutrition, Fertility, and Human Reproductive Function provides a comprehensive guide to clinicians on how they can best advise their patients to optimise fertility and reproductive function through optimal nutrition.
Taking a holistic or "whole-of-life" approach, the book reviews the role of nutrition in human fertility and explores its effect on male and female reproductive physiology. Problem-orientated topics are arranged in chapters that each cover a specific clinical topic of interest, allowing easy reference by the practicing clinician. From the female perspective, the book covers the role of nutrition on essential reproductive processes such as ovulation, early embryo development, implantation, and sexual function, together with nutrition’s influence on the duration of the reproductive life span. In the male context, it examines the effect of nutrition on hormone and sperm production as well as sexual function. The book also includes information on evidence-based complementary health approaches such as Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and naturopathy.
This book draws on the wide experience of several respected leaders in clinical nutrition who combine research expertise with clinical insight. The information contained herein will enable clinicians to make the best recommendations for their patients for optimising fertility.
Nutrition and Ovulatory Function
Audrey J. Gaskins, and Myriam C. Afeiche
The Role of Diet and Lifestyle Modification in the Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Rebecca L. Thomson, Helena J. Teede, Nigel K. Stepto, Lauren K. Banting, and Lisa J. Moran
Macronutrient Intake, Fertility, and Pregnancy Outcome
Tarek El-Toukhy and Amira Osman
The Role of Micronutrients in the Prevention of Congenital Anomalies in the Fetus and Optimization of Pregnancy Outcomes
Zohra S. Lassi, Dania Mallick, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta
A Review of the Pivotal Studies Supporting the Use of Periconceptional Multivitamins in the Prevention of Congenital Abnormalities
Andrew E. Czeizel, Istvan Dudás, and Atilla Vereczkey
Maternal Nutrition and Its Influence on the Health of the Next Generation: The "Developmental Origins Hypothesis"
Hitomi Okubo, Siân M. Robinson, and Keith M. Godfrey
Chinese Herbal Supplements and the Treatment of Female Infertility
Karin Ried and Clare Pyers
Nutritional and Dietary Interventions for Menopause
Sheila M. Wicks and Gail B. Mahady
The Effect of Obesity on Male Reproductive Function
Nathalie Sermondade, Charlotte Dupont, Celine Faure, and Rachel Levy
Nutrition and Sperm Function
Myriam C. Afeiche, Audrey J. Gaskins, and Jorge E. Chavarro
Nutritional Supplementation for the Treatment of Male Infertility
Saad Alshahrani, Ashok Agarwal, David Collins, and Sebo Ling Wang
The Role of Nutrition in Male Sexual Function
Joan Khoo, Richard Y. T. Chen, and Gary A. Wittert
The Role of Nutrition in Optimizing Assisted Reproductive Technology Treatment Outcomes
Deirdre Zander-Fox and Hassan W. Bakos
Naturopathic Treatments for Infertility and Reproductive Disorders
Leah N. Hechtman and Joseph E. Pizzorno
Appendix A: Recommended Dietary Intake for Macro- and Micronutrients for Various Countries
Appendix B: Websites for the Key Position Statements on Diet and Fertility