This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.
Nutrition is becoming ever more central to our understanding of metabolic processes. Nutritional biochemistry offers insight into the mechanisms by which diet influences human health and disease. This book focuses on five aspects of this complex field of study: nutritional genomics, clinical nutrition and biochemistry, vitamins and minerals, macronutrients and energy, and cell function and metabolism.
Collected in this research compendium are recent studies within each of these topics. Each chapter contributes to a well-rounded and up-to-date picture of nutritional biochemistry. Appropriate for graduate-level and post-doctorate students, this book will stimulate further study into this important field of research.
Table of Contents
Part I: Nutritional Genomics
Bellagio Report on Healthy Agriculture, Healthy Nutrition, Healthy People; Artemis P. Simopoulos, Peter G. Bourne, and Ole Faergeman
Diet, Genetics, and Disease: A Focus on the Middle East and North Africa Region; Akl C. Fahed, Abdul-Karim M. El-Hage-Sleiman, Theresa I. Farhat, and Georges M. Nemer
Part II: Clinical Nutritional Biochemistry
Consumption of Fructose and High Fructose Corn Syrup Increase Postprandial Triglycerides, LDL-Cholesterol, and Apolipoprotein-B in Young Men and Women; Kimber L. Stanhope, Andrew A. Bremer, Valentina Medici, Katsuyuki Nakajima,Yasuki Ito, Takamitsu Nakano, Guoxia Chen, Tak Hou Fong, Vivien Lee, Roseanne I. Menorca, Nancy L. Keim, and Peter J. Havel
Treatment of Metabolic Syndrome by Combination of Physical Activity and Diet Needs an Optimal Protein Intake: A Randomized Controlled Trial; Frédéric Dutheil, Gérard Lac, Daniel Courteix, Eric Doré, Robert Chapier, Laurence Roszyk, Vincent Sapin, and Bruno Lesourd
A Prospective Study of Nutrition Education and Oral NutritionalSupplementation in Patients with Alzheimer’s Disease; Glaucia A. K. Pivi, Rosimeire V. da Silva, Yara Juliano, Neil F. Novo, Ivan H. Okamoto, César Q. Brant, and Paulo H. F. Bertolucci Paul
Part III: Vitamins and Minerals
Pharmacokinetics of a Single Oral Dose of Vitamin D3 (70,000 IU)in Pregnant and Non-Pregnant Women; Daniel E. Roth, Abdullah Al Mahmud, Rubhana Raqib, Robert E. Black, and Abdullah H. Baqui
Causal Relationship between Obesity and Vitamin D Status: Bi-Directional Mendelian Randomization Analysis of Multiple Cohorts; Karani S. Vimaleswaran, Diane J. Berry, Chen Lu, Emmi Tikkanen, Stefan Pilz, Linda T. Hiraki, Jason D. Cooper, Zari Dastani, Rui Li, Denise K. Houston, Andrew R. Wood, Karl Michaëlsson, Liesbeth Vandenput, Lina Zgaga, Laura M. Yerges-Armstrong, Mark I. McCarthy, Josée Dupuis, Marika Kaakinen, Marcus E. Kleber, Karen Jameson, Nigel Arden, Olli Raitakari, Jorma Viikari, Kurt K. Lohman, Luigi Ferrucci, Håkan Melhus, Erik Ingelsson, Liisa Byberg, Lars Lind, Mattias Lorentzon, Veikko Salomaa, Harry Campbell, Malcolm Dunlop, Braxton D. Mitchell, Karl-Heinz Herzig, Anneli Pouta, Anna-Liisa Hartikainen, the Genetic Investigation of Anthropometric Traits (GIANT) consortium, Elizabeth A. Streeten, Evropi Theodoratou, Antti Jula, Nicholas J. Wareham, Claes Ohlsson, Timothy M. Frayling, Stephen B. Kritchevsky, Timothy D. Spector, J. Brent Richards, Terho Lehtimäki, Willem H. Ouwehand, Peter Kraft, Cyrus Cooper, Winfried März, Chris Power, Ruth J. F. Loos, Thomas J. Wang, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, John C. Whittaker, Aroon D. Hingorani, and Elina Hyppönen
The Relationship between Folic Acid and Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorders; Yasmin Neggers
Part IV: Macronutrient Composition, Energetics and Energy Balance
Early Diet Impacts Infant Rhesus Gut Microbiome, Immunity, and Metabolism; Aifric O’Sullivan, Xuan He, Elizabeth M. S. McNiven, Neill W. Haggarty, Bo Lönnerdal, and Carolyn M. Slupsky
Consumption of Fructose-Sweetened Beverages for 10 Weeks Reduces Net Fat Oxidation and Energy Expenditure in Overweight/Obese Men and Women; C. L. Cox, K. L. Stanhope, J. M. Schwarz, J. L. Graham, B. Hatcher, S. C. Griffen, A. A. Bremer, L. Berglund, J. P. McGahan, P. J. Havel, and N. L. Keim
Effects of High Carbohydrate or High Protein Energy-Restricted Diets Combined with Resistance-Exercise on Weight Loss and Markers of Health in Women with Serum Triglyceride Levels Above or Below Median Values ; Jonathan M. Oliver, Julie Y. Kresta, Mike Byrd, Claire Canon, Michelle Mardock, Sunday Simbo, Peter Jung, Brittanie Lockard, Deepesh Khanna, Majid Koozehchian, Chris Rasmussen, Chad Kerksick, and Richard Kreider
Part V: Cell Function and Metabolism
The Inhibition of the Mammalian DNA Methyltransferase 3a (Dnmt3a) by Dietary Black Tea and Coffee Polyphenols; Arumugam Rajavelu, Zumrad Tulyasheva, Rakesh Jaiswal, Albert Jeltsch, and Nikolai Kuhnert
Treatment of Human Muscle Cells with Popular Dietary Supplements Increase Mitochondrial Function and Metabolic Rate; Roger A. Vaughan, Randi Garcia-Smith, Miguel A. Barberena, Marco Bisoffi, Kristina Trujillo, and Carole A. Conn
Dr. Chad L. Cox is an adjunct professor in the Department of Chemistry and the Department of Family and Consumer Sciences at California State University, Sacramento. He also teaches at Sacramento City College, the University of Phoenix, and the University of California, Davis. He holds a PhD in nutritional biology, a bachelor of science in exercise biology, and a bachelor of science in nutrition science, all from UC Davis. His research interests include the causes of obesity and obesity-related chronic diseases, how exercise training can induce changes in the regulation of gene expression that can lead to improvements in insulin sensitivity and promote energy balance, and the development of pharmacological agents that could help reduce the epidemic of obesity, Type 2 diabetes, and metabolic syndrome.