1st Edition

Phytoremediation in Food Safety Risks and Prospects

Edited By Sesan Abiodun Aransiola, Naga Raju Maddela Copyright 2025
    306 Pages 19 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Phytoremediation is the process that uses plants to remove pollutants from soils. These pollutants are stored in the edible parts of plants and, if they are consumed above a certain level, they become a health risk for humans and animals. This book is a critical review of phytoremediation, its direct or indirect effects on food products, and the risks posed by this cost-effective technology in food safety. It shows how different plants are suited for phytoremediation, explains the role of toxicants in the environment, and analyses their effects and risks in the food chain at a global level. It also reviews the extraction methods of toxicants from plants after they are exposed to phytoremediation.


    • Summarizes the phytoremediation technology for effective remediation
    • Describes different types of pollutants in soils that render food products useless
    • Identifies the role of phytoremediation in the environment and its advantages and disadvantages
    • Explains the role of phytoexclusion and phytostabilization in foods and food safety
    • Includes many case studies to describe the extraction protocols in postharvest for food safety

    This book is intended for practitioners in public and private companies involved in soil remediation and food production, as well as graduate students and academics, in both developed and developing countries, who are involved in soil and environmental sciences, the food industry, agriculture, and biotechnology.

    Section 1: Prospects of Phytoremediation for a Safe Environment and Safe Food

    1. Phytoremediation Overviews and Roles in Food Safety

    Victor-Ekwebelem Munachimso Odenakachi and Simeon Okiki Naphtali

    2. Phytoremediation and Role in Climate Change for a Safe Environment

    Pabbati Ranjit, Patel Shaifali Ben, D. Rama Prasanna, and Kondakindi Venkateswar Reddy

    3. Organic and Inorganic Pollutant Uptake Mechanisms by Plants

    Victor-Ekwebelem Munachimso Odenakachi, Simeon Okiki Naphtali, and M. M Yakiimov

    4. Soil Regeneration through Phytoremediation for Safe Foods

    Innocent Ojeba Musa, Job Oloruntoba Samuel, Mustahpa Adams, Vivian Nathaniel, Asmau M. Maude, Mohammed Evuti Mahmud, and Abd’Gafar Tunde Tiamiyu

    5. Environmental Pollution:  Causes, Types, Fate, Effects and Control Strategies

    Kingsley Erhons Enerijiofi, Chidozie Ekene, Saheed Ibrahim MusaComfort Okoji, Nathan Moses, Parisa Ebrahimbabaie, Iboyi Nathaniel Onuche, and Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji

    6. Mechanism of Phytoremediation and Plant Uptake of Heavy Metals

    Anjaneyulu Musini, P. Gnana Deepu, Jogipeta HariharaKathuroju Harikrishna, Chittepu Obula Reddy, Bachha Laxmi Dora, and Bhagyashree Mohakhud

    Section 2: The Risks of Phytoremediation in Food Safety

    7. Danger of Contaminants in Foods through Phytoremediation

    Kingsley Chijioke Eze, Nnenna Patrick Obasi, Otobong Anwanabasi Inyang, and Shine Chikaodi Ewa

    8. Microplastics and Nanoplastics in Soil: Plant Uptake and Impact on Food Insecurity

    Innocent Ojeba Musa, Job Oloruntoba Samuel, Mustahpa Adams, Vivian Nathaniel, Asmau M. Maude, Mohammed Evuti Mahmud, and Abd’Gafar Tunde Tiamiyu

    9. Environmental Pollution and the Entrance of Toxic Elements into the Food Chain

    Babafemi Raphael Babaniyi, Gbolahan Olamide Isaac, Damilola Eunice Fagbamigbe, Joshua Ibukun Adebomi, and Iyabode Felicia Areo

    10. Acute and Chronic Effects of Contaminants from Food Crops

    Pabbati Ranjit, Kathuroju Harikrishna, P. Gnana Deepu, and Kondakindi Venkateswar Reddy

    11. Plant Uptake of Emerging Contaminants in Foods: The Extent of Its Effects

    Srinivasan Kameswaran, Ramesh B. Kasetti, and Bellamkonda Ramesh

    12. Impact of Contamination of Agricultural Soil on Humans and the Environment

    Musa Saheed Ibrahim, Parisa Ebrahimbabaie, Nathan Moses, Kingsley Erhons Enerijiofi, Comfort Okoji, Unoka Edith Chinyere, and Iboyi Nathaniel Onuche

    Section 3: Bringing Safe Foods Home through Phytoremediation

    13. Phytoexclusion and Phytostabilization: Protective Strategy of the Food Chain from Contamination before Phytoremediation

    J.S. Ayedun, B.C. Kotun, O.A. Adewara, R. Adeoye, C. O. Iyiola, E. A. Onakoya, A. I. Domavo, and A. A. Soyemi

    14. Phytoremediation: Strategies for Protecting the Food Chain from Contamination

    Haya Fathima, Harshitha Shettigar, Srivasta Udupa, Sachin Ashok Thorat, Nisha Govender, and Annamalai Muthusamy

    15. Phytoremediation and Food Safety Case Studies

    Srinivasan Kameswaran, Ramesh B. Kasetti, and Bellamkonda Ramesh

    16. Phytoremediation:  A Comprehensive Review on the Prospective Benefits and Biosafety of Vegetables

    Geethu Krishna Kumar, Srija Sappa, Nikhil Kumar Ramesha, Arya Kaniyassery, Mutiu A. Alabi, Nisha Govender, and Annamalai Muthusamy

    17. Soil Assessment Policies and the Permissible Level of Contaminants in Plant Food Products

    Harshitha Shettigar, Haya Fathima, Manoj Kumar, Harsha K. Chandrashekar, Nisha Govender, and Annamalai Muthusamy

    18. Plant Uptake of Emerging Contaminants in Foods, Regulatory Considerations, and Future Directions

    G. Vidya Sagar Reddy and B. Ramesh

    19. Toxic Metals and Emerging Contaminants in Food: A Global Perspective

    Deborah O. Aderibigbe, Peter O. Oladoye, Adedayo O. Adeboye, and Abdur-Rahim A. Giwa


    Dr. Sesan Abiodun Aransiola is a Ph.D holder in Environmental Microbiology in the Department of Microbiology, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria. He obtained his first degree (B.Tech) and Master's Degree (M.Tech) from the same department in 2009 and 2014 respectively. Currently, he is a Lecturer at the Department of Microbiology, University of Abuja, Nigeria. His area of interest is Environmental Microbiology with a research area in phytoremediation, vermicomposting, biosorption, and bioremediation of soil-contaminated environments. He is an award-winning researcher and has over 70 publications including book chapters, research, and review articles of good international repute with high impact factor. He has worked to the rank of an assistant chief scientific officer at the Bioresources Development Centre, National Biotechnology Development Agency, Nigeria

    Dr. Naga Raju Maddela is a Professor at the Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Técnica de Manabí, Portoviejo, Ecuador. He received his M.Sc. in 1998 and his Ph.D. in 2012 in Microbiology from Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Anantapuramu, India. He worked as Prometeo Investigator at Universidad Estatal Amazónica, Ecuador from 2013 to 2015, and was on Postdoctoral Fellowship at Sun Yat-sen University, China from 2016 to 2018. He has participated in national and international conferences and has presented research data in China, Cuba, Ecuador, India, and Singapore. He has been actively publishing scientific articles, books, and chapters, both authored and edited, since 2007. He has published 80 articles, 10 books, and 40 book chapters.