Against the backdrop of uncritical promotions of English-medium instruction (EMI) in higher education globally, this edited volume maps out the political, ideological, and policy-related issues of EMI programs in multilingual and multicultural universities in Asia.
In this volume, EMI researchers and practitioners involved in different Asian countries and regions have collaboratively unpacked the critical dimensions of EMI programs in higher education, with a goal to provide must-needed resources for researchers, graduate students, higher education leaders, and policymakers. This volume is the first of its kind in that it provides an exclusive and critical tapestry of EMI at multilingual universities from all parts of Asia, including Central Asia (Kazakhstan), East Asia (Mainland China, Korea, Japan, and Taiwan), South Asia (Bangladesh and Nepal), Southeast Asia (Brunei, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam), and Western Asia (United Arab Emirates). The key takeaway for the reader is to not only understand the current phenomenon of EMI in Asian universities but to also learn the dark side of its policies, programs, and practices that have led to unequal teaching and learning spaces in diverse societies.
This collection will be of interest to scholars and policymakers in English-medium instruction, English language teaching, TESOL, and applied linguistics.
- Introduction: Toward Critical English-Medium Instruction in Multilingual Universities
- EMI in Higher Education in Kazakhstan: Policy Supports and Challenges
- English Medium Instruction in Japan: Changes and Challenges Faced by Faculty and Students
- Policy Development for English Medium Instruction at a Nepali University: Unpacking Hidden Motivations and Agendas
- English Medium Instruction (EMI) in Higher Education in Taiwan: A Review and Critical Reflection on Why, How and for Whom
- University Lecturers’ Beliefs and Practices about the Use of First Languages and English in EMI: Case Studies from Malaysia and Thailand
- The Role of English and the L1 in English Medium Instruction at Universities in Vietnam and Thailand
- Language Use and Language Choice at an EMI University in Brunei: Student Perspectives
- Understanding EMI Teachers’ Language Beliefs and Use in Content-Area Classrooms at Chinese Universities
- Examining the "M" in EMI Courses at Korean Universities: Is it English-Medium or English-Mixed?
- Language, Class and Coloniality in Medium of Instruction Projects in the Philippines
- English as a Medium of Instruction and Inequality: Exploring Private Sector Higher Education in Bangladesh
- English Medium Instruction and Linguistic Diversity in Emirati Higher Education: Expectations and Hardships
Pramod K. Sah and Fan Fang
Part 1: Policy Goals, Hidden Agenda, and Challenges in EMI Programs
Sulushash Kerimkulova, Bridget Goodman and Kamila Aitzhanova
Samantha Curle, Yuwei Lin and Ikuya Aizawa
Karna Rana and Pramod K. Sah
Kao Chin-Ling Gupta and Angel M. Y. Lin
Part 2: Language Ideologies and Practices in EMI Programs
Roger Barnard, Zuwati Hasim and Banchakarn Sameephet
Kari Sahan, Nicola Galloway and Jim McKinley
Ishamina Athirah Gardiner, Sarah Boye and Suciyati Sulaiman
Rui Yuan and Xuyan Qiu
Part 3: Discourses of Educational and Social Inequalities in EMI Programs
Ruanni Tupas and Romylyn Metila
Md. Al Amin and M. Obaidul Hamid
"Expertly edited by two key figures in the field, this fascinating volume offers wide-ranging insights into the ever-expanding use of English-medium education in Asia. Intent on highlighting the darker side of EMI, the volume raises critical questions and is a must-read for anyone wishing to understand how education in English reflects – and sometimes exacerbates – existing inequalities among languages and speakers." - Anna Kristina Hultgren, Professor of Sociolinguistics and Applied Linguistics and UKRI Future Leaders Fellow, The Open University, United Kingdom
"Pramod K. Sah and Fan Fang have put together the latest policy debate, research agenda and practical cases on the growing phenomenon of English-medium instruction in multilingual Asian Universities. This edited book provides a comprehensive, in-depth understanding of the expansion of EMI in over 13 Asian contexts, with critical reflections on various topics, serving as an essential reference to students, teachers, researchers, and practitioners." - Jack Pun, Assistant Professor, Department of English, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China