Our lives and the functioning of modern societies are intimately intertwined with electricity consumption. We owe our quality of life to electricity. However, the electricity generation industry is partly responsible for some of the most pressing challenges we currently face, including climate change and the pollution of natural environments, energy inequality, and energy insecurity. Maintaining our standard of living while addressing these problems is the ultimate challenge for the future of humanity. The objective of this book is to equip engineering and science students and professionals to tackle this task. Written by an expert with over 25 years of combined academic and industrial experience in the field, this comprehensive textbook covers both fossil fuels and renewable power generation technologies. For each topic, fundamental principles, historical backgrounds, and state-of-the-art technologies are covered.
Conventional power production technologies, steam power plants, gas turbines, and combined cycle power plants are presented. For steam power plants, the historical background, thermodynamic principles, steam generators, combustion systems, emission reduction technologies, steam turbines, condensate-feedwater systems, and cooling systems are covered in separate chapters. Similarly, the historical background and thermodynamic principles of gas turbines, along with comprehensive discussions on compressors, combustors, and turbines, are presented and then followed with combined cycle power plants.
The second half of the book deals with renewable energy sources, including solar photovoltaic systems, solar thermal power plants, wind turbines, ocean energy systems, and geothermal power plants. For each energy source, the available energy and its variations, historical background, operational principles, basic calculations, current and future technologies, and environmental impacts are presented. Finally, energy storage systems as required technologies to address the intermittent nature of renewable energy sources are covered.
While the book has been written with the needs of undergraduate and graduate college students in mind, professionals interested in widening their understanding of the field can also benefit from it.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction to Electricity
2. Introduction to Steam Power Plants
3. Steam Generators: Water-Steam Side
4. Steam Generators: Fire Side
5. Emission Reduction in Steam Generators
6. Steam Turbines
7. Condensate-Feedwater Systems
8. Cooling Systems (Circulating Water Systems)
9. Gas Turbines
10. Combined Cycle Power Plants and Cogeneration Plants
11. Solar Energy and Photovoltaic Solar Units
12. Solar Thermal Energy
13. Wind Energy
14. Ocean Renewable Energy
15. Geothermal Energy
16. Energy Storage Systems
Farshid Zabihian has over 25 years of academic and industrial experience in the energy industry. He is currently an Associate Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at California State University, Sacramento. He earned a MASc and BSc, both in mechanical engineering, at the Iran University of Science and Technology and Amirkabir University of Technology, Iran, respectively. He worked in the power generation industry for about a decade in various capacities before returning to academia. He earned a PhD in Mechanical Engineering in 2011 from Ryerson University, Canada. He was the recipient of the Governor General’s Academic Gold Medal, the highest academic honor at the graduate level in Canada. He was previously an Assistant Professor at West Virginia University Institute of Technology between 2011 and 2016. He joined Sacramento State in 2016. His research focus is on sustainable electricity generation, including renewable energy resources and advanced fossil fuel power plants, through experimental and numerical approaches. He has published over 110 journal and conference papers, books, and book chapters. He also enjoys integrating sustainability into his teaching at the college level and beyond.