© 2008 – Routledge
264 pages | 21 B/W Illus.
The balance between individual independence and social interdependence is a perennial debate in Japan. A series of educational reforms since 1990, including the implementation of a new curriculum in 2002, has been a source of fierce controversy. This book, based on an extended, detailed study of two primary schools in the Kinki district of Japan, discusses these debates, shows how reforms have been implemented at the school level, and explores how the balance between individuality and social interdependence is managed in practice. It discusses these complex issues in relation to personal identity within the class and within the school, in relation to gender issues, and in relation to the teaching of specific subjects, including language, literature and mathematics. The book concludes that, although recent reforms have tended to stress individuality and independence, teachers in primary schools continue to balance the encouragement of individuality and self-direction with the development of interdependence and empathy.
"Peter Cave carefully documents the trajectory of educational reform in postwar Japan, highlights the significance of those policies, and connects them to initiatives that have addressed similar objectives. This combination of insights about national policy trends and their implications on classroom practice makes Primary School in Japan a valuable contribution to the research literature. The book should attract a broad readership, including teachers, anthropologists, comparative educators and policy makers." - Christopher Bjork, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie
‘This book makes a very important contribution to international and comparative education … exceptionally well researched and written in a fascinating and interesting manner. … It is recommended reading for a wide audience, including educators at all levels, education policy makers, sociologists, anthropologists, and researchers’ -Priscilla Mary Anne Blinco, Comparative Education Review; 53:1 (Feb 2009), pp. 141-142
‘This book is a pleasure to read thanks to Cave’s clear and eloquent writing style. It is certain to become a required text for all those interested in Japan’s schools’ -Robert Aspinall, Japan Forum; 20:3 (Nov 2008), pp. 431-433
‘This is a meticulously researched work. Cave’s judicious review of the relevant literature, stress on Japan’s "multiplicity of discourses of self", and careful descriptions greatly contribute to our corpus of studies about Japanese education’ - Brian J. McVeigh, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute; (N.S.) 15: 2 (2009), pp. 451-452
‘Throughout the book, Peter Cave skillfully moves between the macro and micro levels … This combination of insights about national policy trends and their implications on classroom practice makes Primary School in Japan a valuable contribution to the research literature. The book should attract a broad readership, including teachers, anthropologists, comparative educators and policy makers’ - Christopher Bjork, Pacific Affairs; 82: 1 (Spring 2009), pp. 141-142
"Despite worldwide interest in Japanese elementary education among both education researchers and classroom teachers, there are just a few book-length scholarly treatments of Japanese elementary education. Peter Cave's Primary School in Japan: Self, Individuality and Learning in Elementary Education is a welcome addition to the bookshelf." - Catherine C. Lewis, Journal of Japanese Studies, 35:2 (2009)
Introduction: Self, Society and Education in Japan 1. Education and Individuality in Japan 2. Groups and Individuals at Primary School 3. Stories of the Self 4. Mathematical Relationships 5. Learning Gender 6. Ceremonial Creations 7. The Next Stage – 2002 and All That. Conclusion
Pamela Asquith, University of Alberta
Eyal Ben Ari, Kinneret Academic College, Sea of Galilee, Israel
Hirochika Nakamaki, Suita City Museum, Japan
Kirsten Refsing, University of Copenhagen
Christoph Brumann, Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, Halle, Germany
Henry Johnson, University of Otago, New Zealand
Founder Member of the Editorial Board:
Jan van Bremen, University of Leiden
Routledge is very proud to be publishing this important series, which has already signed up a good list of high quality books on interesting topics, and has a truly international range of authors and editors.
A key aim of the series is to present studies that offer a deep understanding of aspects of Japanese society and culture to offset the impression of constant change and frivolity that so tempts the mass media around the world. Living in Japan brings anyone into contact with the fervent mood of change, and former residents from many other countries enjoy reading about their temporary home, but there is a demand also to penetrate less obvious elements of this temporary life. Anthropologists specialise in digging beneath the surface, in peeling off and examining layers of cultural wrapping, and in gaining an understanding of language and communication that goes beyond formal presentation and informal frolicking. This series will help to open the eyes of readers around the world from many backgrounds to the work of these diligent anthropologists researching the social life of Japan.
Submissions from prospective authors are welcomed, and enquiries should be sent in the first instance to the series editor Professor Joy Hendry (firstname.lastname@example.org).