Reaction Engineering Principles: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Reaction Engineering Principles

1st Edition

By Himadri Roy Ghatak

CRC Press

288 pages | 72 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2016-04-05
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Description

Chemical reaction engineering is at the core of chemical engineering education. Unfortunately, the subject can be intimidating to students, because it requires a heavy dose of mathematics. These mathematics, unless suitably explained in the context of the physical phenomenon, can confuse rather than enlighten students. Bearing this in mind, Reaction Engineering Principles is written primarily from a student’s perspective. It is the culmination of the author’s more than twenty years of experience teaching chemical reaction engineering.

The textbook begins by covering the basic building blocks of the subject—stoichiometry, kinetics, and thermodynamics—ensuring students gain a good grasp of the essential concepts before venturing into the world of reactors.

The design and performance evaluation of reactors are conveniently grouped into chapters based on an increasing degree of difficulty. Accordingly, isothermal reactors—batch and ideal flow types—are addressed first, followed by non-isothermal reactor operation, non-ideal flow in reactors, and some special reactor types.

For better comprehension, detailed derivations are provided for all important mathematical equations. Narrative of the physical context in which the formulae work adds to the clarity of thought. The use of mathematical formulae is elaborated upon in the form of problem solving steps followed by worked examples. Effects of parameters, changing trends, and comparisons between different situations are presented graphically. Self-practice exercises are included at the end of each chapter.

Reviews

"… comprehensive and covers topics required for undergraduate and graduate students. … The topics are well organized and distributed systematically."

—Nayef Ghasem, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain

"Elaborate details of the physical phenomenon and models are given before the ideas are translated into equations and formulae. … Detailed derivations have been provided … including intermediate steps which make mathematical aspects more comprehensible and less intimidating."

—Pramod K. Bajpai, Thapar University, Patiala, India

Table of Contents

Introduction

Concepts from Physical Chemistry

Concepts from Fluid and Particle Mechanics

Concepts from Heat and Mass Transport Processes

Conservation Laws

Stoichiometry

Law of Definite Proportions

Law of Multiple Proportions

Reaction Stoichiometry

Exercises

References

Chemical Kinetics

The Rate of a Homogeneous Chemical Reaction

Factors Affecting the Rate of a Chemical Reaction

Kinetics of Heterogeneous Reactions

Exercises

References

Thermodynamics of Chemical Reaction

Heat of Reaction

Reaction Equilibrium

Exercises

References

Ideal Isothermal Batch Reactor

General Mole Balance Equation for Homogeneous Reactions

Constant Volume Batch Reactor

Single-Reactant nth-Order Reaction

General Reaction Involving Several Reactants

Reversible Reactions

Half-Life for Irreversible Reactions

Multiple Reactions

Variable Volume Batch Reactor

Heterogeneous Reactions in Batch Reactor

Exercises

References

Ideal Isothermal Flow Reactors

Ideal Plug Flow Reactor

Ideal Backmix Flow Reactor

Comparison of PFR and BFR

Combination of PFR and BFR

Exercises

References

Nonisothermal Reactors

Batch Reactor

Plug Flow Reactor

Backmix Flow Reactor

Reversible Reactions under Nonisothermal Conditions

Optimum Temperature

Exercises

References

Nonideal Flow in Reactors

RTD for Ideal Reactors

RTD for Real Reactors

Properties of RTD Function

Conversion from RTD

Mathematical Models for Real Reactors

Exercises

References

Reactors of Special Types

Electrochemical Reactors

Biochemical Reactors

Catalytic Packed Bed Reactors

Catalytic Fluidized Bed Reactors

Exercises

References

Appendices

The International System of Units

Commonly Used Units for Some Physical Quantities with Conversion Factors

Some Important Physical Constants

About the Author

Himadri Roy Ghatak earned his BE and ME degrees from the erstwhile University of Roorkee (now Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee) and his PhD from Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology. He worked in the industry from 1991 to 1995 before joining the faculty of Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, where he rose to the position of a professor in chemical engineering. He also served as the head of the Department of Chemical Engineering, and associate dean (research and consultancy). He has taught courses in chemical reaction engineering, mass transfer, environmental engineering, and energy technology. Professor Ghatak’s research focuses on electrochemical advanced oxidation, hydrogen production, and lignin.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science