1st Edition

Reinforced Concrete Design of Tall Buildings

By Bungale S. Taranath Copyright 2010
    989 Pages 753 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

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    An exploration of the world of concrete as it applies to the construction of buildings, Reinforced Concrete Design of Tall Buildings provides a practical perspective on all aspects of reinforced concrete used in the design of structures, with particular focus on tall and ultra-tall buildings. Written by Dr. Bungale S. Taranath, this work explains the fundamental principles and state-of-the-art technologies required to build vertical structures as sound as they are eloquent. Dozens of cases studies of tall buildings throughout the world, many designed by Dr. Taranath, provide in-depth insight on why and how specific structural system choices are made.

    The book bridges the gap between two approaches: one based on intuitive skills and experience and the other based on computer skills and analytical techniques. Examining the results when experiential intuition marries unfathomable precision, this book discusses:

    • The latest building codes, including ASCE/SEI 7-05, IBC-06/09, ACI 318-05/08, and ASCE/SEI 41-06
    • Recent developments in studies of seismic vulnerability and retrofit design
    • Earthquake hazard mitigation technology, including seismic base isolation, passive energy dissipation, and damping systems
    • Lateral bracing concepts and gravity-resisting systems
    • Performance based design trends
    • Dynamic response spectrum and equivalent lateral load procedures

    Using realistic examples throughout, Dr. Taranath shows how to create sound, cost-efficient high rise structures. His lucid and thorough explanations provide the tools required to derive systems that gracefully resist the battering forces of nature while addressing the specific needs of building owners, developers, and architects. The book is packed with broad-ranging material from fundamental principles to the state-of-the-art technologies and includes techniques thoroughly developed to be highly adaptable. Offering complete guidance, instructive examples, and color illustrations, the author develops several approaches for designing tall buildings. He demonstrates the benefits of blending imaginative problem solving and rational analysis for creating better structural systems.

    Design Concept

    Characteristics of Reinforced Concrete

    Behavior of Reinforced concrete Elements

    External Loads

    Lateral Load-Resisting Systems

    Collapse Patterns

    Buckling of a Tall Building under its Own Weight

    Gravity Systems

    Formwork Considerations

    Floor Systems

    Design Methods

    One-Way Slab, T-Beams, and Two-Way Slabs: Hand Calculations

    Prestressed Concrete Systems


    Guidelines for Thinking on Your Feet

    Unit Quantities

    Lateral Load-Resisting Systems

    Flat Slab-Frame System

    Flat Slab-Frame with Shear Walls

    Coupled Shear Walls

    Rigid Frame

    Tube System with Widely Spaced Columns

    Rigid Frame with Haunch Girders

    Core-Supported Structures

    Shear Wall–Frame Interaction

    Frame Tube System

    Exterior Diagonal Tube

    Bundled Tube

    Spinal Wall Systems

    Outrigger and Belt Wall System

    Miscellaneous Systems

    Wind Loads

    Design Considerations

    Natural Wind

    Characteristics of Wind

    ASCE 7-05: Wind Load Provisions

    National Building Code of Canada (NBCC 2005): Wind Load Provisions

    Wind-Tunnels T

    Seismic Design

    Building Behavior

    Seismic Design Concept

    An Overview of 2006 IBC

    ASCE 7-05 Seismic Provisions: An Overview

    An Overview of Chapter 11 of ASCE 7-05, Seismic Design Criteria

    An Overview of Chapter 12 of ASCE 7-05, Seismic Design Requirements for Building Structures

    ASCE 7-05, Seismic Design: An In-Depth Discussion

    Seismic Design Example: Dynamic Analysis Procedure (Response Spectrum Analysis) Using Hand Calculations

     Anatomy of Computer Response Spectrum Analyses (In Other Words, What Goes on in the Black Box)

    Dynamic Response Concept

    Dynamic Analysis Theory

    Seismic Design Examples and Details

    Seismic Design Recap

    Design Techniques to Promote Ductile Behavior

    Integrity Reinforcement

    Review of Strength Design

    Intermediate Moment-Resisting Frames

    Special Moment-Resisting Frames

    Shear Walls

    Frame Members Not Designed to Resist Earthquake Forces



    Design Examples

    Typical Details

    ACI 318-08 Update

    Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings

    Code-Sponsored Design

    Alternate Design Philosophy

    Code Provisions for Seismic Upgrade

    Building Deformations

    Common Defi ciencies and Upgrade Methods

    Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings, ASCE/SEI 41-06

    Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Systems for Strengthening of Concrete Buildings

    Seismic Strengthening Details

    Tall Buildings

    Historical Background

    Review of High-Rise Architecture

    Functional Requirements

    Definition of Tall Buildings

    Lateral Load Design Philosophy

    Concept of Premium for Height

    Relative Structural Cost

    Factors for Reduction in the Weight of Structural Frame

    Development of High-Rise Architecture

    Structural Scheme Options

    Summary of Building Technology

    Structural Concepts

    Bending and Shear Rigidity Index

    Case Studies

    Future of Tall Buildings

    Special Topics

    Damping Devices for Reducing Motion Perception

    Seismic Isolation

    Passive Energy Dissipation

    Preliminary Analysis Techniques


    Performance-Based Design

    Wind Deflections




    Bungale S. Taranath

    "This book is the key to understanding not only the technology of concrete structures but also the organic nature of this basic material, which is used in every corner of the world."
    —From the Foreword by Vincent J. DeSimone, Chairman, DeSimone Consulting Engineers, New York, Miami, San Francisco, New Haven, Las Vegas, Hong Kong, Abu Dhabi

    "This book is truly one of the most interesting and well laid-out publications that I have reviewed."
    —From the ICC Foreword by Hamid A. Naderi, International Code Council