Research Methods in English Medium Instruction  book cover
1st Edition

Research Methods in English Medium Instruction

  • Available for pre-order. Item will ship after July 20, 2021
ISBN 9780367457556
July 20, 2021 Forthcoming by Routledge
152 Pages 5 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

In this special edited volume, the Editors and invited English Medium Instruction (EMI) researchers, from different parts of the world, outline the latest research methods in EMI. Providing academic instruction using English is rapidly growing in many countries where English is a second or foreign language and there is a growing interest in researching the effectiveness and affects of EMI across different educational levels. This volume includes chapters on everything from research into classroom interaction, teachers’ and students’ perceptions and motivation, to language challenges and strategies and the pedagogical implications of translanguaging in EMI classrooms. These specific topics were chosen to reflect different approaches to researching EMI.

Each chapter focuses on a specific type of research methodology. It begins with an overview of the literature of the topic under discussion. Then an example study is provided to illustrate how this methodology can be used to investigate EMI. Each chapter identifies the process that the EMI researcher went through to conduct their research, key dilemmas they faced, and focuses particularly on the methodological issues they encountered. By exploring these issues, this volume hopes to inform theory (or the lack thereof) underlying research into the phenomenon of EMI. 

This volume is indispensable for EMI: tutors, curriculum developers, policymakers, teachers, as well as students at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. It is particularly valuable for researchers from across the globe reading in the fields of applied linguistics, language education, English for Academic Purposes (EAP), English Language Teaching (ELT), and Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL).

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

1.1. Research Methods in EMI studies

1.2. A Detailed Synopsis

1.3. A Description of the Target Market

2. Researching Conducted on Classroom Interaction in the English Medium Instruction Context

2.1. Overview and Context

2.1.1. Why Researchers are Interested in Exploring Classroom Interactions as a Method?  

2.1.2. Research Planning & Design

2.2. Amount and Pedagogical Functions of Classroom Interactions 

2.3. Individual Teaching Strategies of EMI Teachers

2.4. Codeswitching and Translanguaging Practices in EMI Classrooms 

2.5. Analytical Framework 1: Classroom Discourse Model (Sinclair & Coulthard, 1975)

2.6. Analytical Framework 2: Pedagogical Functions of Classroom Interaction (Tsui, 1985) 

2.7. Analytical Framework 3: Communicative Approaches (Mortimer & Scott, 2003)

2.8. Analytical Framework 4: Teacher’s Questioning Style (Yip, 2004) 

2.9. Concluding Summary

3. Trends in Using Questionnaires for EMI Research: Suggestions for Future Improvements

3.1. Questionnaires and their Significance in EMI

3.2. Current Trends in EMI

3.3. Current Research Designs in EMI

3.4. Suggestions for Improving Quality of Questionnaires in EMI

3.5. Concluding Remarks

4. Teacher’s Cognitions on Motivational Practice in Medium of Instruction Settings: Lessons Learned in Using Stimulated Recalls Interviews

4.1. Background of the Study 

4.2. Motivational Teaching Practice 

4.3. Teacher Cognition

4.4. The Study 

4.5. Lessons Learned

5. Researching Assessment in EMI 

5.1. Project Overview and Context

5.2. Research Planning 

5.2. Research Design

5.3. Method in Detail  

5.3.1. Data Sources

5.3.2. Data Analysis 

5.4. Practical Lessons Learned

5.5. Concluding Summary

6. Establishing Quality Criteria and an EMI Certification Procedure 

6.1. EMI Teacher Assessment – Initial Idea for a Certification Procedure

6.2. EMI Quality Assurance – How to Measure and Assess Quality 

6.3. Developing a Certification Procedure and Assessment Criteria

6.3.1. The Certification Procedure and Evaluation Process  

6.3.2. The Criteria for Linguistic Competencies

6.3.3. The Criteria for Communicative Competencies 

6.4. An Excerpt of Dual-Perspective Assessment Criteria in Practice 

6.5. Findings, Lessons Learned and Potential Implications

7. Corpus Linguistic Methods in EMI Research: A Missed Opportunity? 

7.1. Overview

7.2. Introduction 

7.3. Focus on Vocabulary and Grammar

7.4. Focus on Written and Spoken Discourse 

7.5. Focus on Discourse Functions and Interaction

7.6. Concluding Remarks

8. Developing Collaborative Lesson Planning Tool in EMI 

8.1. Introduction

8.2. EMI in Turkey 

8.3. Collaboration between Language Specialists and Content Specialists 

8.4. Teacher Collaboration in Higher Education Context

8.5. An Intervention: Collaboration between PYP Teacher and EMI Teacher 

8.6. Collaborative Planning Tool (CPT): A Framework for EMI Teacher Collaboration

8.7. Limitations 

8.8. Conclusion

9. Researching Translanguaging in EMI Classrooms 

9.1. Introduction

9.2. The Study  

9.2.1. Research Planning and Design

9.2.2. Methodological Framework: Combining Multimodal Conversation Analysis with an Ethnographic Approach  

9.2.3. Methodology in Details

9.3. Concluding Thoughts


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Jack K.H. Pun is an Assistant Professor at the Department of English, City University of Hong Kong. He holds a doctorate in Education from the University of Oxford, which explored the teaching and learning process in EMI science classrooms, with a special focus on classroom interactions, use of codeswitching, and teachers’ and students’ views of EMI. His research interests lie in English Medium Instruction and Health Communication.

Samantha Curle is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Education, University of Bath, UK. She completed her DPhil at the University of Oxford. She teaches subjects related to Applied Linguistics and is currently the Director of the MRes programme in Advanced Quantitative Research Methods. Her main research interest lies in factors affecting academic achievement in English Medium Instruction. Her research has been published in journals such as Language Teaching, Applied Linguistics Review, System, and International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism.