1st Edition

Rural Education in China’s Social Transition

Edited By Peggy A. Kong, Emily Hannum, Gerard A. Postiglione Copyright 2021
    256 Pages 15 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    256 Pages 15 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    In the first decade of the twenty-first century, the People's Republic of China experienced dramatic growth and expansion that altered the educational environment of children. Rapid economic development increased prosperity and educational opportunities for children expanded in a wealthier society. Yet, a by-product of rising wealth was rising inequality. While the children of the emerging urban middle and elite classes enjoyed new prosperity, the children of hte persistently poor in rural communities continued to experience challenges such as food insecurity, illness, hardships of family separation, and migrant life on the margins of the cities. This time period saw a large resource gap emerge between the home conditions of poor rural children compared with those of their wealthier urban counterparts.

    This book highlights the complexities China has experienced in seeking to extend full educational access to rural children— including rural- to- urban migrant and ethnic minority children—during a momentous period in China. Chapters delve into the experiences, perceptions, strategies, and diffi culties of rural- origin children and their families in the school system, and lay bare the challenges of policy initiatives designed to support rural education.
    We hope the experiences detailed here will be of interest to students and scholars of rural educational policy and practice in China and worldwide.

    PART I: How Rural Families Support and Their Children’s Education

    Chapter 1 Credit Limits as an Element of Family Socioeconomic Status: An Application to the Case of Children's Educational Outcomes in Rural Gansu Province

    Wensong Shen and Emily Hannum

    Chapter 2 Engendering a Love for Learning: Family and School Contexts and Children’s Educational Engagement in Rural Gansu, China

    Yuping Zhang and Peggy A. Kong

    Chapter 3 Educational Differences in Parental Support for Children’s Schooling in Rural China

    Peggy A. Kong

    Chapter 4 Parental Involvement in Rural Anhui: Coping with the Burden of Guanxi

    Ailei Xie

    PART 2: Challenges for Minority Youth in Rural Areas

    Chapter 5 "Two Basics" in a Rural Muslim Area of Northwest China

    Hong Yanbi

    Chapter 6  Exceptions to the Rule: Rural and Nomadic Tibetans Gaining Access to Dislocated Elite Inland Boarding Schools

    Gerard A. Postiglione and Xiaoliang Li

    PART 3: Challenges of providing quality education in rural communities

    Chapter 7 Universalization of Preschool Education in Rural Shanxi

    Tanja Sargent, Shudan Hao, Xiao Yang, and Lin Li

    Chapter 8 Correlates and Implications of Grade Retention in Rural Northwest China

    Li-Chung Hu and Emily Hannum

    Chapter 9 Schools as De Facto Childcare Centers: Adolescents’ Lives and Educational Paths in Rural China

    Shu Hu

    PART 4: Challenges for Rural Migrant Children

    Chapter 10 Access and Equity for Rural Migrants in Shanghai

    Lisa Yiu

    Chapter 11 Migrant Education: Family Strategies and Public Policies

    Bill Tsang


    Peggy A. Kong, Visiting Scholar, Drexel University.

    Emily Hannum, Professor of Sociology, University of Pennsylvania.

    Gerard A.Postiglione, Emeritus Professor and Honorary Professor, Faculty of Education, the University of Hong Kong.