Separation Process Essentials provides an interactive approach for students to learn the main separation processes (distillation, absorption, stripping, and solvent extraction) using material and energy balances with equilibrium relationships, while referring readers to other more complete works when needed. Membrane separations are included as an example of non-equilibrium processes.
This book reviews and builds on material learned in the first chemical engineering courses such as Material and Energy Balances and Thermodynamics as applied to separations. It relies heavily on example problems, including completely worked and explained problems followed by "Try This At Home" guided examples. Most examples have accompanying downloadable Excel spreadsheet simulations. The book also offers a complementary website, http://separationsbook.com, with supplementary material such as links to YouTube tutorials, practice problems, and the Excel simulations.
This book is aimed at second and third year undergraduate students in Chemical engineering, as well as professionals in the field of Chemical engineering, and can be used for a one semester course in separation processes and unit operations.
Table of Contents
Part I Introduction. Introduction to Separation Processes. A Look Inside Your Chemical Engineering Toolbox. Part II Distillation. Single-Stage Distillation: Material Balances. Single-Stage Distillation: Energy Balances. Multi-Stage Distillation. Mathematical Analysis of Distillation Columns. Graphical Design of Distillation Columns. Energy Balances for Distillation Columns. Distillation: Variations on a Theme. Multicomponent Distillation. Distillation of Non-Ideal Systems. Part III Absorption and Stripping. Single-Stage Absorption and Stripping. Mathematical Analysis of Absorption/Stripping Columns. Graphical Design of Absorption/Stripping Columns. Multicomponent and Adiabatic Absorption Columns. Column Design. Part IV Solvent Extraction. Single-Stage Solvent Extraction. Mathematical Analysis of Solvent Extraction Columns. Graphical Design of Solvent Extraction Columns. Part V Membranes. Membrane Separations.
Dr. Alan M. Lane is Professor Emeritus of Chemical and Biological Engineering at The University of Alabama. He has worked for Union Carbide Corporation (polymerization processes, 1984-1986), Battelle’s Pacific Northwest Laboratories (nuclear waste treatment, 1977-1979) and Pacific Northwest Testing Laboratories (ASTM testing, summers 1968-1976). He has been a visiting scholar at Boise Cascade Corp. (dioxin from pulp bleaching, 1990), Qingdao Institute of Chemical Technology (chemical reactor modeling, 1993), the University of Wales (magnetic ink characterization, 1995), and Argonne National Laboratory (fuel processing to make hydrogen, 1999). Lane earned BS degrees in both Chemistry and Chemical Engineering from the University of Washington (Seattle) in 1977. He obtained a PhD degree in Chemical Engineering from the University of Massachusetts (Amherst) in 1984. His academic research projects have covered a broad spectrum of chemical reaction engineering, especially heterogeneous catalysis: chemical reactions during metal casting, dioxin formation during waste incineration, selective synthesis gas reactions, green manufacturing, diffusion in porous media, hydrogen production for fuel cells, and fuel cell electrode reactions. He also studied the complex rheology of magnetic inks for information storage on tape as part of the MINT Center. His teaching interests are focused in chemical reaction engineering and separation processes.
"This book is intended for use in teaching process separations to undergraduate students. The coverage includes distillation, gas absorption, stripping, extraction, and membrane separations. A companion internet site provides tutorials and other features that extend the content of the book. Lane (emer., Univ. of Alabama) has taught separation processes as well as having worked on pertinent projects in the corporate and national laboratory setting. This book addresses the fundamentals associated with such processes and how to design and specify the equipment to accomplish a separation. The book, along with the internet site (http://separationsbook.com/), may have particular value for individuals who want or need to learn about process separations without enrolling in a class. For students who are in a class, the book and supporting site may provide a helpful supplement to materials they already have in hand. A professor looking for a textbook should review both the book and the internet site. One of the book's important features is its emphasis on understanding "just the essentials." Information is provided on other separation books, but there are very few references to the literature on separations as published in journals. The index and sample problems are helpful, as are the many illustrative figures."
--L. E. Erickson, emeritus, Kansas State University, CHOICE, December 2020
Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates. Faculty and professionals