Consistent with international trends, there is an active pursuit of more engaging science education in the Asia-Pacific region. The aim of this book is to bring together some examples of research being undertaken at a range of levels, from studies of curriculum and assessment tools, to classroom case studies, and investigations into models of teacher professional learning and development. While neither a comprehensive nor definitive representation of the work that is being carried out in the region, the contributions—from China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, Singapore, Australia, and New Zealand—give a taste of some of the issues being explored, and the hopes that researchers have of positively influencing the types of science education experienced by school students.
The purpose of this book is therefore to share contextual information related to science education in the Asia-Pacific region, as well as offering insights for conducting studies in this region and outlining possible questions for further investigation. In addition, we anticipate that the specific resources and strategies introduced in this book will provide a useful reference for curriculum developers and science educators when they design school science curricula and science both pre-service and in-service teacher education programmes.
The first section of the book examines features of science learners and learning, and includes studies investigating the processes associated with science conceptual learning, scientific inquiry, model construction, and students’ attitudes towards science. The second section focuses on teachers and teaching. It discusses some more innovative teaching approaches adopted in the region, including the use of group work, inquiry-based instruction, developing scientific literacy, and the use of questions and analogies. The third section reports on initiatives related to assessments and curriculum reform, including initiatives associated with school-based assessment, formative assessment strategies, and teacher support accompanying curriculum reform.
1. Learning, Teaching, and Assessing Science in the Asia-Pacific Context (May May Hung Cheng, Cathy Buntting and Alister Jones)
Part I The science learner and learning
2. Taiwanese students’ “equilibrium” reasoning: fluency in linking newton’s 1st and 2nd laws (Wheijen Chang)
3. Primary school students’ use of the concepts of evidence in science inquiries (Winnie Wing Mui So, Liang Yu and Yu Chen)
4. Understanding students’ co-construction processes of scientific modelling in Korean junior high school classrooms (Chan-Jong Kim, Min-Suk Kim, Hyun Seok Oh, Jeong A Lee and Seung-Urn Choe)
5. Hong Kong students’ characteristics of science learning in relation to ROSE (Yau Yuen Yeung and May May Hung Cheng)
Part II Science pedagogy
6. Investigating the impact of inquiry-based instruction on students’ science learning in Taiwan (Hsiao-Lin Tuan and Chi-Chin Chin)
7.Teaching values and life skills by using reversed analogies in school science (Kok Siang Tan)
8. The influence of group work on students’ science learning in Hong Kong primary schools (Dennis Chun Lok Fung)
9. Elementary science learning experiences in singapore: Learning in a group (Joanna Oon Jeu Ong, Aik-Ling Tan and Frederick Toralballa Talaue)
10. Focusing on scientific literacy: The value of professional learning. (John Loughran)
11. Analysis of questions in primary school science textbooks in Japan (Manabu Sumida)
Part III Assessment & curriculum reform
12. Assessment policy in the senior physics curriculum documents of Mainland China and Hong Kong (May May Hung Cheng and Zhi Hong Wan)
13. Pre-service science teachers’ implementation of assessment for students’ learning (Hye-Eun Chu and Chee Leong Wong)
14. School science in New Zealand: Support for curriculum reform and implication (Cathy Buntting and Alister Jones)