1st Edition

Technology-Assisted Language Assessment in Diverse Contexts Lessons from the Transition to Online Testing during COVID-19

Edited By Karim Sadeghi Copyright 2023
    274 Pages 10 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    274 Pages 10 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This timely collection explores the role of digital technology in language education and assessment during the COVID-19 pandemic. It recognises the unique pressures which the COVID-19 pandemic placed on assessment in language education, and examines the forced shift in assessment strategies to go online, the existing shortfalls, as well as unique affordances of technology-assisted L2 assessment.

    By showcasing international examples of successful digital and computer-assisted proficiency and skills testing, the volume addresses theoretical and practical concerns relating to test validity, reliability, ethics, and student experience in a range of testing contexts. Particular attention is given to identifying lessons and implications for future research and practice, and the challenges of implementing unplanned computer-assisted language assessment during a crisis.

    Insightfully unpacking the ‘lessons learned’ from COVID and its impact on the acceleration of the shift towards online course and assessment delivery, it offers important guidelines for navigating assessment in different instructional settings in times of crisis. It will appeal to scholars, researchers, educators, and faculty with interests in educational measurement, digital education and technology, and language assessment and testing.

    Foreword by Paula Winke


    Section I: Theoretical and Methodological Concerns in Online L2 Assessment


    Chapter 1: Technology in language assessment: An overview

    Karim Sadeghi


    Chapter 2: Seeking empirical evidence to support online test validation: Building on the IELTS Indicator assessment model

    Tony Clark, Martine Holland, and Richard Spiby


    Chapter 3: Emergency remote assessment (ERA) narratives from the UK English for Academic Purposes (EAP) sector: Examining validity and longevity of technology-driven solutions

    Emma Bruce and Heléna Stakounis


    Chapter 4: Language testing and assessment in COVID-19 pandemic crisis

    Hossein Farhady


    Chapter 5: Argument-based validation in the time of the COVID-19 pandemic 

    Erik Voss


    Chapter 6: Assessment without borders: Modernising placement tests for diverse contexts

    Mahmoud Amer and María J. Cabrera-Puche


    Section II: Reactions to L2 E-Assessment During the Covid-19 Pandemic


    Chapter 7: Responding to the pandemic in New Zealand: Opportunities and challenges for language assessment in one tertiary institution

    Martin East, Deborah Walker-Morrison, and Viviane Lelièvre-Lopes


    Chapter 8: Online remote (at-home) assessment of language modules during COVID-19: Changes, challenges, and students’ perceptions

    Isabel Balteiro


    Chapter 9: Assessing university students’ writing development and performance during remote instruction

    Bahiyyih Hardacre


    Chapter 10: Fairness in remote English placement testing at Iowa State University during the COVID-19 pandemic

    Reza Neiriz, Shireen Baghestani, Ananda Astrini Muhammad, and Jim Ranalli


    Chapter 11: Integration of data-driven learning and assessment through a multimodal corpus of learning objects at the time of the COVID-19 pandemic

    María Luisa Carrió-Pastor


    Section III: Managing L2 Assessment at the Time of the Crisis: The Way Forward


    Chapter 12: Test usefulness of E-Portfolios: An alternative approach during and beyond the pandemic

    Ricky Lam


    Chapter 13: Can interactions happen across the screens?: The use of videoconferencing technology in assessing second language pragmatic competence

    Shishi Zhang and Talia Isaacs


    Chapter 14: The use of technology for redesigning L2 language assessments: Tasks, rubrics, and feedback in emergency remote teaching contexts

    Ana Maria Ducasse


    Chapter 15: Rethinking the online placement test for a college-level Japanese language program during the COVID-19 pandemic

    Akiko Imamura, Catherine Ryu, and Mariko Kawaguchi


    Chapter 16: Conclusion: Lesson learned and lessons not learned

    Karim Sadeghi




    Karim Sadeghi is a Professor of TESOL at Urmia University, Iran. He is the founding editor-in-chief of the Iranian Journal of Language Teaching Research.

    “This is a timely and interesting volume that will appeal to those interested in using technology in their instructional and assessment practices. It is a much-welcomed addition to the literature on technology-mediated language assessment. It also offers important guidelines for navigating assessment in different instructional settings in times of crisis. I strongly recommend this book!” - Atta Gebril, The American University in Cairo, Egypt

    “This important book is both timely in its message and massively encouraging in the way in which the individual chapters reflect the creativity of language testers from across the world in dealing with the disruption caused by Covid. In challenging our perceptions of how to establish evidence of test quality in terms of development and delivery the authors call into question much current thinking on validation. Two strong messages ring out from these pages. The first relates to the need to broaden our validation evidence base to embrace qualitative as well as quantitative evidence. The second is the way in which context is rightfully recognised as a critical factor in any validation argument. This book should be seen as core reading for any language testing programme.” - Professor Barry O'Sullivan, British Council

    "Technology-assisted language assessment has been with us for something like 40 years. One would think we know everything there is to know about it, but this is far from the case. As the authors of the various chapters document, technology-assisted language assessment is a complex undertaking with issues of the security of the test content itself and of the test-takers’ environment, fairness in terms of access to computers and the internet, validation concerns when test-takers may be unfamiliar with certain aspects of technology-assisted tasks, and reliability may be a challenge owing to diversity of test-taking situations and interaction between human and computer-based scoring. The chapters in this book address these concerns in a scholarly but approachable manner and readers will find much of value as they develop their own technology-assisted language assessments for their own contexts." - Dan Douglas, Professor Emeritus, Iowa State University, USA

    "This timely edited collection of chapters addresses a critical matter of language assessment due to the COVID pandemic. It takes as its starting point the use of technology: online assessment, video technology, and remote learning. In addition, chapters provide overviews and opinions on validation and fairness during the pandemic. As editor, Sadeghi offers an overview as well as concluding thoughts of lessons learned and not learned. As repercussions of the COVID era are still unfolding, this collection will serve as a leading collection of ideas on technology and language assessment." - Professor Antony Kunnan, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore