1st Edition

Upgrading of Heavy and Extra-Heavy Crude Oils by Catalytic Hydrotreating The History of HIDRO-IMP Technology

By Jorge Ancheyta Copyright 2024
    174 Pages 118 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This book explores the common approaches to upgrade heavy and extra-heavy crude oils by means of catalytic hydrotreating, emphasizing hydrogen addition technology as well as carbon rejection alternatives. Kinetic and reactor models are combined with experimental data to simulate and optimize commercial-scale reactor performance.

    Key Features
    • Focuses on fixed-bed catalytic hydrotreating and catalysts and process scheme characteristics for commercial application.
    • Guides readers on hydrotreating process technology development from batch reactor experiments to semi-commercial test.
    • Describes step-by-step methodologies for development of kinetic models based on experimental data generated at different reaction scales.
    • Provides detailed explanation on how to formulate a reactor model for the simulation of catalytic hydrotreating of heavy oils.

    A comprehensive guide to the upgrading of crude oils, this book has particular appeal for petroleum refining industry professionals, catalyst developers, workshop instructors, professors, and their graduate and postgraduate students.


    Chapter 1. Technologies for Upgrading of Heavy and Extra-heavy Crude Oils

    Chapter 2. Characteristics of Fixed-bed Catalytic Hydrotreating

    Chapter 3. Hydrotreating Experiments for Partial Upgrading

    Chapter 4. Hydrotreating Experiments for Full Upgrading

    Chapter 5. Long-term Heavy Oil Upgrading Test

    Chapter 6. Semi-commercial Test for Upgrading of Heavy Crude Oils

    Chapter 7. Kinetics and Reactor Modeling of Heavy Oil Fixed Bed Hydrotreating

    Chapter 8. Comparison of Hydrotreating with Other Upgrading Technologies


    Jorge Ancheyta, PhD, graduated with a bachelor’s degree in petrochemical engineering (1989), a master’s degree in chemical engineering (1993), and a master’s degree in administration, planning, and economics of hydrocarbons (1997) from the National Polytechnic Institute (IPN) of Mexico. He splits his doctorate between the Metropolitan Autonomous University (UAM) of Mexico and the Imperial College London, UK (1998), and was awarded a postdoctoral fellowship in the Laboratory of Catalytic Process Engineering of the CPE-CNRS in Lyon, France (1999). He has also been Visiting Professor at the Laboratoire de Catalyse et Spectrochimie, Université de Caen, France; Imperial College London, UK; Mining University at Saint Petersburg, Russia; Kazan Federal University, Russia; and Tyumen State University, Russia.

    Ancheyta has worked for the Mexican Institute of Petroleum (IMP) since 1989, and his present position is Manager of Products for the Transformation of Crude Oil. He has also worked as a professor at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels for the School of Chemical Engineering and Extractive Industries at the National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico (ESIQIE-IPN) since 1992 and for the IMP postgrade since 2003. He has been a supervisor of more than one hundred bachelor of science, master of science, and doctorate theses. Ancheyta has also been a supervisor of various postdoctoral and sabbatical year professors.

    Ancheyta has been working in the development and application of petroleum refining catalysts, kinetic and reactor models, and process technologies, mainly in catalytic cracking, catalytic reforming, middle distillate hydrotreating, and ex situ and in situ heavy oils upgrading. He is author and coauthor of several patents, books, and about 250 scientific papers (H-index of 63), has been awarded the highest distinction (Level III) as National Researcher by the Mexican government, and is a member of the Mexican Academy of Science. He is Principal Associate Editor of the international journal Fuel. Ancheyta has also chaired numerous yearly international conferences since 2004, namely, ISAHOF (International Symposium on Hydroprocessing of Oil Fractions) and IMCCRE (International-Mexican Congress on Chemical Reaction Engineering).