Posted on: February 1, 2021
Written by Charles M. Reigeluth and Yunjo An, authors of Merging the Instructional Design Process with Learner-Centered Theory: The Holistic 4D Model.
This is the fourth and final of our blogs on ways that ID process models should be updated based on developments in our field. These last three suggestions (#8, #9, and #10) are also related to the nature of the ID process.
8. Non-Instructional Interventions
An ID model should include guidance about how to identify non-instructional interventions to improve performance, thereby enhancing performance and avoiding the development of instruction when other interventions are more effective, or the development of instruction alone when it should be accompanied by other interventions.
9. Rapid Prototyping
An ID model should also include guidance for using either of two kinds of rapid-prototyping – qualitative reduction (which creates a “quick and dirty” version of the whole instruction) or quantitative reduction (which creates a representative part of the whole instruction) – or a combination of the two. This increases the efficiency of the ID process.
10. Product and Process Evaluations
It is important to conduct formative evaluations of the instruction you are designing, but it is also important to conduct formative evaluations of the ID process you are using. An ID model should provide guidance for both kinds of evaluation and when to do each throughout the ID process, not just at the end. Of course, it should also provide guidance for summative evaluation after the instructional system is implemented.
We welcome your comments about these two updates, please feel free to email us at [email protected] and [email protected]. Based on our review of advancements in our field and consequently important improvements to make to ID models, Dr. Yunjo An and I have developed an updated ID model called the Holistic 4D Model. We describe it in some detail in our new book, Merging the Instructional Design Process with Learner-Centered Theory: The Holistic 4D Model, published in October 2020 with a 2021 copyright date. We briefly describe the book on our website, www.Reigeluth.net/holistic-4d. We would love to hear about any additional advancements you think we have overlooked.