1st Edition

Handbook of Drying of Vegetables and Vegetable Products

Edited By Min Zhang, Bhesh Bhandari, Zhongxiang Fang Copyright 2017
    554 Pages 159 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

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    This handbook provides a comprehensive overview of the processes and technologies in drying of vegetables and vegetable products. The Handbook of Drying of Vegetables and Vegetable Products discusses various technologies such as hot airflow drying, freeze drying, solar drying, microwave drying, radio frequency drying, infrared radiation drying, ultrasound assisted drying, and smart drying. The book’s chapters are clustered around major themes including drying processes and technologies, drying of specific vegetable products, properties during vegetable drying, and modeling, measurements, packaging & safety.

    Specifically, the book covers drying of different parts and types of vegetables such as mushrooms and herbs; changes to the properties of pigments, nutrients, and texture during drying process; dried products storage; nondestructive measurement and monitoring of moisture and morphological changes during vegetable drying; novel packaging; and computational fluid dynamics.




    Section I: Drying Processes and Technologies

    Chapter 1 Main Current Vegetable Drying Technology I: Hot Airflow Drying and Related Combination Drying

    Weiqiao Lv and Min Zhang

    Chapter 2 Main Current Vegetable Drying Technology II: Freeze-Drying and Related Combined Drying

    Xu Duan

    Chapter 3 Highly Efficient Vegetable Drying Technology I: Microwave and Radio Frequency Drying of Vegetables

    Hao Jiang and Shaojin Wang

    Chapter 4 Highly Efficient Vegetable Drying Technology II: Infrared Radiation Drying and Related Combination Drying

    Bengang Wu, Bei Wang, Haile Ma, Baoguo Xu, and Zhongli Pan

    Chapter 5 Highly Efficient Vegetable Drying Technologies III: Ultrasound-Assisted Drying

    S. J. Kowalski, D. Mierzwa, and J. Szadzińska

    Chapter 6 Smart Drying Technology for Vegetable Products

    Ya Su, Min Zhang, and Arun Sadashiv Mujumdar

    Chapter 7 Foam-Mat Drying of Vegetables

    Regiane Victória de Barros Fernandes and Diego Alvarenga Botrel

    Section II: Drying of Specific Vegetable Products

    Chapter 8 Drying of Herbs and Spices

    Sachin V. Jangam and Arun Sadashiv Mujumdar

    Chapter 9 Drying of Vegetable Snacks

    Hao Jiang and Shaojin Wang

    Chapter 10 Drying of Edible Flowers

    Serkan Boyar, Erkan Dikmen, and Sabri Erbaş

    Chapter 11 Drying of Mushrooms

    Xin Jin

    Section III: Changes in Properties during Vegetable Drying

    Chapter 12 Pigments and Nutrients during Vegetable Drying Processes, Dried Products Storage, and Their Associated Color Changes

    Barbara Sturm and Oliver Hensel

    Chapter 13 Instant Controlled Pressure Drop as a Process of Texturing/Sterilizing Vegetables, Improving upon Conventional Drying Methods

    Karim Allaf, Tamara Allaf, Sabah Mounir, and Farid Zerrouq

    Chapter 14 Aroma Aspects of Fresh and Dried Vegetables

    Narendra Narain, Gomathi Rajkumar, Maria Terezinha Santos Leite Neta, Romy Gleyse Chagas Barros,

    Saravanan Shanmugam, Marina Denadai, and Arun Sadashiv Mujumdar

    Section IV: Others (Modeling, Measurements, Packaging, and Safety of Dried Vegetables and Vegetable Products)

    Chapter 15 Vegetable Dryer Modeling

    Robert H. Driscoll and George Srzednicki

    Chapter 16 Numerical Modeling of Morphological Changes of Food Plant Materials during Drying

    H. C. P. Karunasena and Wijitha Senadeera

    Chapter 17 Nondestructive Measurement of Quality Parameters of Vegetables during Drying by Optical Sensing Technology

    Min Huang and Qibing Zhu

    Chapter 18 Computer Vision and Its Applications for Drying of Vegetables

    Alex Martynenko

    Chapter 19 Novel Packaging of Dried Vegetable Products

    Huizhi Chen and Min Zhang

    Chapter 20 Microbiology and Safety of Dried Vegetables

    Wunwisa Krasaekoopt



    Min Zhang performed two periods of postdoctoral research from 1992 to 1997. He is  currently  the  key  professor  and  PhD  supervisor  in  the  School  of  Food  Science  and  Technology,  Jiangnan  University.  He  is  the  director  of  R&D,  Center  of  Food  Resource  and  Utilization  Technology  in  Jiangnan  University.  His  research  areas  focus  on  the  mechanism,  technology,  and  engineering  of  processing  and  storingfresh foods.Professor Zhang has been approved as a master’s supervisor and has supervised 105 master ’s students (of whom 96 graduated) since 1998. Since 2000, he has beenapproved as a PhD supervisor and has supervised 42 PhDs (of whom 31 graduated). Professor Zhang began to supervise postdoctoral researchers in 2004 and has super-vised  6  postdocs.  In  2003  and  2005,  he  was  listed  in  Who’s Who in Science and  Engineering.  In  2004,  he  was  listed  in  the  fi□rst  batch  of  the  National  Personnel  Training Project of the New Century Bai-Qian-Wan Project. In 2006, he was listed as  a National  Expert  and  was  entitled  to  special  government  allowances.  In  2005,  he  was  invited  as  the  scienti□c  adviser  in  the food  science  by  the International Foundation for Science (IFS). From 2007, he has been listed as early or late listed as the editorial member of three SCI journals (Journal of Food Engineering, IF2.576; D r yi ng Tech n olog y, IF1.77; International Agrophysics, IF 1.142) and several domes-tic journals, such as Journal of Food Science and Biotechnology, Journal of Food Safety and Food Quality,and Drying Technology and Equipment. In August 2013, he was appointed as an honorary professor in the □eld of food science by the University of Queensland, Australia.In  recent  years,  Professor  Zhang  has  actively  promoted  the  industrialization  of  new  quality  control  technology  in  fresh  food  processing  and  preservation  and  has  established  a  longtime  collaboration  mechanism  of  Industry-Academia-Research  (joint research institute) with more than 10 large- and medium-sized domestic and foreign  food  or  equipment  companies  like  Haitong  Food  Group  Co.  Ltd.,  PepsiCo  Food  Co.,  and Jiahao Food  Co.,  which  created  obvious  economic  bene□ts  for  the  enterprise.Professor  Zhanghas  published  26  monographs  or  translated  books  in  national  presses and 10 English book chapters, edited one international conference proceed-ings (English edition), and coedited one English academic book. He has published more  than  240  SCI  international  journal  papers  as  a  corresponding  author.  About 116 applied invention patents from his group (with him as the main inventor) have already been authorized by the Chinese National Intellectual Property Bureau. He has also applied for 11 international patents, including patents from Germany, Japan, France, South Korea, and Switzerland. He was recognized as the □fth of the top ten outstanding patent inventors in Jiangsu Province (China) in 2012. The projects carried out by Professor Zhang have been granted more than 10 awards by government and professional associations, including an award from the national government (second prize for the National Scienti□c and Technological Progress Awa rd, 2012), an award from the government of Jiangsu Province (□rst prize for the Province Scienti□c and Technological  Progress  Awa rd,  2009),  two  awards  from  China  General  Chamber  of  Commerce  (□rst  prize  for  the National  Commerce  Scienti□c  and  Technological  Progress Award, 2009, 2011), an award from China National Light Industry Council (□rst prize for the National Light Industry Scienti□c and Technological Progress Awa rd, 2007), and an award from China National Food Industry Association (□rst prize for the National Food Industry Scienti□c and Technological Progress Awa rd, 2011).

    Bhesh  Bhandari has been associated with the University of Queensland for more than 22  years.  His  research  is  mainly  focused  on  food  materials  science,  includ-ing  microencapsulation  of  food  ingredients  and  glass  transition–related  issues  in  food  processing  and  product  systems.  Various  microencapsulation  processes, such as spray drying, molecular encapsulation, cocrystallization,  precipitation,  and gel entrapment, have been investigated by his research team. Professor Bhandari’s cur-rent research focus has been to relate the nanostructure of food systems to their bulk properties. He has developed a continuous method to produce microgel particles that can be used to encapsulate various functional ingredients and pharmaceutical drugs. He  has  performed  a  number  of  pioneering  studies  on  the stickiness  issues  of  food  powders encountered during drying and handling. Recently, he developed a patented technique to produce an ethylene powder that can be used for fruit ripening as well as control of other physiological functions in plants. Professor Bhandari has authored more than 200 papers, including 30 book chapters. He has coedited Food Materials Science  and  Engineering  and  Handbook  of  Food  Powders,  which have  been  pub-lished recently. Professor Bhandari is an editor of The Journal of Food Engineering.

    Zhongxiang Fang earned bachelor (1993) and MPhil (2003) degrees in agricultural processing and storage engineering at the China Agricultural University and a PhD (2007) in food science at Jiangnan University, China. He was a lecturer at Zhejiang University,  China,  from  2007  to  2009  and  moved  to  Australia  in  2009  as  a  post-doctoral research fellow at the University of Queensland. Dr. Fang was appointed as a Curtin Research Fellow in the Food Science and Technology Program, School of  Public  Health,  Curtin  University,  in  2012.  From  2016,  he  worked  as  a  lecturer  in  food  processing  in  the  Faculty  of  Veterinary  and  Agricultural  Sciences,  The  University of Melbourne.  Dr. Fang has secured research funding of about 1.7 million AUD, published more than 100 peer-reviewed papers, and has 9 patents. He has (co-)supervised six PhD students and ten m a s t e r ’s students. He has served as a reviewer for  major  journals  in  associated  □elds.  His  research  interests  include  the effect  of  climate, environment, and food processing technology on food quality and safety; antioxidant activity and metabolism of plant polyphenols; food processing technol-ogy and food engineering; and encapsulation of food bioactives and bioactive □lms in food coating and packaging.