Modern Ceramic Engineering : Properties, Processing, and Use in Design, Fourth Edition book cover
4th Edition

Modern Ceramic Engineering
Properties, Processing, and Use in Design, Fourth Edition

ISBN 9781498716918
Published May 10, 2018 by CRC Press
836 Pages 12 Color & 560 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Since the publication of its Third Edition, there have been many notable advances in ceramic engineering. Modern Ceramic Engineering, Fourth Edition serves as an authoritative text and reference for both professionals and students seeking to understand key concepts of ceramics engineering by introducing the interrelationships among the structure, properties, processing, design concepts, and applications of advanced ceramics. Written in the same clear manner that made the previous editions so accessible, this latest edition has been expanded to include new information in almost every chapter, as well as two new chapters that present a variety of relevant case studies. The new edition now includes updated content on nanotechnology, the use of ceramics in integrated circuits, flash drives, and digital cameras, and the role of miniaturization that has made our modern digital devices possible, as well as information on electrochemical ceramics, updated discussions on LEDs, lasers and optical applications, and the role of ceramics in energy and pollution control technologies. It also highlights the increasing importance of modeling and simulation.

Table of Contents

Part I: Ceramics as Engineering Materials

Chapter 1: What Is a Ceramic?

1.1 Definitions of Ceramics

1.2 Material Types Generally Considered in the Ceramics Family

1.3 So What Is a Ceramic?

Special Optional Assignment


Study Guide

Chapter 2: History of Ceramics

2.1 Ceramics in the Stone Age

2.2 The Rise of Traditional Ceramic Industries

2.3 From Traditional to Modern Ceramics

2.4 Summary


Study Guide

Chapter 3: Applications: Engineering with Ceramics

3.1 High-Temperature Applications

3.2 Wear and Corrosion Resistance Applications

3.3 Cutting and Grinding

3.4 Electrical Applications of Ceramics

3.5 Magnetic Ceramics

3.6 Optical Applications of Ceramics

3.7 Composites

3.8 Medical Applications of Ceramics

3.9 Energy Efficiency and Pollution Control

3.10 Military

3.11 Recreation

3.12 Modelling and Simulation…

3.13 Summary


Study Guide

Part II: Structure and Properties

Chapter 4: Atomic Bonding and Crystal Structure

4.1 Electronic Configuration of Atoms

4.2 Bonding

4.3 Polymorphic Forms and Transformations

4.4 Noncrystalline Structures

4.5 Molecular Structures

4.5.5 Cross-Linking and Branching



Study Guide

Chapter 5: Crystal Chemistry and Specific Crystal Structures

5.1 Crystal Structure Notations

5.2 Crystal Chemistry of Ceramics

5.3 Metallic and Ceramic Crystal Structures


Additional Recommended Reading


Study Guide

Chapter 6: Phase Equilibria and Phase Equilibrium Diagrams

6.1 Phase Equilibrium Diagrams

6.2 Phase Equilibrium Diagram Composition Calculations  

6.3 Isoplethal Crystallization Paths

6.4 Nonequilibrium Behavior


Study Guide

Chapter 7: Physical and Thermal Behavior

7.1 Physical Properties

7.2 Thermal Properties

7.3 Thermal Expansion



Study Guide

Chapter 8: Mechanical Behavior and Measurement

8.1 Elasticity

8.2 Strength

8.3 Fracture Toughness

8.4 Ductile Versus Brittle Behavior


Additional Recommended Reading


Study Guide

Chapter 9: Time, Temperature, and Environmental Effects on Properties

9.1 Creep

9.2 Static Fatigue

9.3 Chemicl Effects

9.4 Mechanically Induced Effects

9.5 Thermal Shock



Study Guide

Chapter 10: Electrical Behavior

10.1 Fundamentals and Definitions

10.2 Electronic Conductivity

10.3 Ionic Conductivity

10.4 Conductive Polymers

10.5 Electrical Insulators

10.6 Semiconductors

10.7 Superconductivity


Additional Recommended Reading


Study Guide

Chapter 11: Dielectric, Magnetic, and Optical Behavior

11.1 Dielectric Properties 

11.2 Magnetic Behavior

11.3 Optical Behavior



Study Guide

Part III: Processing of Ceramics

Chapter 12: Introduction to Ceramic Fabrication Approaches and to Powder Processing

12.1 General Ceramic Processing Approaches

12.1.1 Conventional Ceramic Processing By Compaction of Powders

12.1.2 Refractories Processing

12.1.3 Melting and Fusion Ceramics Processing

12.1.4 Romm or Low Temperature Processing

12.1.5 Other Ceramic Processing Options

12.2 Powder Processing

12.3 Powder Preparation and Sizing

12.4 Preconsolidation

12.5 Batch Determination


Additional Recommended Reading


Study Guide

Chapter 13: Shape-Forming Processes

13.1 Pressing

13.2 Casting

13.3 Plastic Forming

13.4 Green Machining


Additional Recommended Reading


Study Guide

Chapter 14: Densification

14.1 Theory of Sintering

14.2 Modified Densification Processes


Additional Recommended Reading


Study Guide

Chapter 15: Final Machining

15.1 Mechanisms of Material Removal

15.2 Effects on Strength

15.3 Additional Sources of Information


Additional Recommended Reading


Study Guide

Chapter 16: Quality Assurance

16.1 In-Process QA

16.2 Specification and Certification

16.3 Proof Testing

16.4 Nondestructive Inspection

16.5 Quality Problem Solving and Improvement

16.6 Future Developments in Quality Assurance


Additional Recommended Reading


Study Guide

Part IV: Design with Ceramics

Chapter 17: Design Considerations

17.1 Requirements of the Application

17.2 Property Limitations

17.3 Fabrication Limitations

17.4 Cost Considerations

17.5 Reliability Requirements

17.6 Summary


Study Guide

Chapter 18: Design Approaches

18.1 Empirical Design

18.2 Deterministic Design

18.3 Probabilistic Design

18.4 Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics Approach

18.5 Combined Approaches

18.6 Computer Assisted Design (CAD)


Additional Recommended Reading


Study Guide

Chapter 19: Failure Analysis

19.1 Fractography

19.2 Summary


Additional Recommended Reading

Study Guide

Chapter 20: Toughening of Ceramics

20.1 Toughening Mechanisms

20.2 Examples of Toughened Ceramics

20.3 Summary



Study Guide

Part V: Applying Ceramics to Real World Challenges

Chapter 21: Solving Past Challenges—Case Studies

21.1 Evolution of the Integrated Circuit

21.2 Evolution of the Flash Memory and the Digital Camera

21.3 Challenges of the Digital Watch

21.4 Invention and Evolution of the Catalytic Converter

21.5 Bioglass amd Bioceramics

21.6 Refractories Evolution

21.7 Ceramics in the Nuclear Industry

21.8 Silicon Nitride: Seeking Uses for a New Material


Chapter 22: Where Next for Ceramics? Future Trends and Challenges

22.1 Nanotechnology and Nanoprocessing

22.2 Ceramics in Environmental Clean-up

22.3 Raw Material Challenges

22.4 Modelling

22.5 Advances in Processing

22.6 Extreme Environment Challenges


Appendix A


Appendix B

Effective Ionic Radii for Cations and Anions

Appendix C

The Periodic Table of the Elements



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David W. Richerson received degrees in Ceramic Science and Engineering from the University of Utah (1967) and The Pennsylvania State University (1969). He conducted research on boron carbide armor, silicon nitride, and composites at Norton Company from 1969 to 1973; coordinated materials efforts from 1973 to 1985 at Garrett Turbine Engine Company to integrate ceramic materials into gas turbine engines; and conducted and managed a wide range of materials programs while Director of Research and Development and later Vice President at Ceramatec, Inc. from 1985 to 1991. From 1991 to the present Mr. Richerson has worked as a consultant, taught at the University of Utah, and planned and conducted volunteer science outreach projects in schools and in the community. Mr. Richerson has authored or co-authored 9 books, 13 book chapters, 21 government program final reports, 5 patents, and 59 technical publications and has made numerous technical and educational presentations including two-day to four-day short courses worldwide. Mr. Richerson is a Fellow and past board member of the American Ceramic Society, a member of the National Institute of Ceramic Engineers and the Ceramic Education Council, and a past member of ASM International.

William E. Lee received a BSc in Physical Metallurgy from Aston University in the UK (1980) and a DPhil from Oxford University (1983) on radiation damage in sapphire. After post-doctoral research at Case Western Reserve University he became an Assistant Professor at the Ohio State University USA before returning to a lectureship at Sheffield University in the UK in 1989 and becoming Professor there in 1998. He moved to be head of the Materials Department at Imperial College London in 2006. His research has covered structure-property-processing relations in a range of ceramics including electroceramics, glasses and glass ceramics, nuclear ceramics, refractories, Ultra-high Temperature Ceramics and whitewares. He has supervised 61 students to completion of their PhDs, and authored and co-authored over 400 articles including 5 books, 7 edited proceedings or journal special issues, 6 invited book/encyclopaedia chapters and 14 invited review papers. Prof. Lee is a Fellow of the UKs Royal Academy of Engineering, the City and Guilds Institute, the Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining and the American Ceramic Society for whom he was President in 2016/17.