284 Pages 199 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    284 Pages 199 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This six volume book set examines a range of topics and applications related to biotechnology. Volumes include fermentation and algal biotechnologies; agricultural biotechnology; medical biotechnology, biopharmaceutics; biosafety, bioethics, biotechnology policy; microbiomes; bioenergy and environmental biotechnology for sustainable development. The topics address significant aspects of the dairy and fermented foods; crop genetics, breeding and genomics; microalgae and novel products; molecular diagnostics and DNA forensics; biosafety, bioethics and legal issues in biotechnology; biotechnology policy advocacy, enlightenment and engagement with stakeholders; medical and pharmaceutical biotechnology; omics and bioinformatics; waste recycling, biofuels and environmental remediation; animal genetics, breeding and genomics; genetic resources conservation and utilization; medicinal and underutilized plants; medical insect biotechnology, genomics and molecular genetics of pests; microbiomes and microbial biotechnology; biotechnology education and curriculum development; and water and waste water research. Volumes include: I: Fermentation and Algal Biotechnologies for the Food, Beverage and other Bioproduct Industries II: Agricultural Biotechnology, Biodiversity and Bio-resources Conservation and Utilization III: Medical Biotechnology, Biopharmaceutics, Forensic Science and Bioinformatics IV: Biosafety and Bioethics in Biotechnology: Policy, Advocacy, and Capacity Building V: Microbiomes and Emerging Applications VI: Bioenergy and Environmental Biotechnology for Sustainable Development The book is a timely knowledge product that documents key issues on advances in biotechnology for use by a variety of readers including postgraduate students, professionals in the field, policy makers, science advocacy groups.

    Volume 1: Fermentation and Algal Biotechnologies for the Food, Beverage and Other Bioproduct Industries
    Ashiwin Vadiveloo
    Benjamin Ewa Ubi
    Part 1: Working Group 01: Dairy and Fermented Foods
    Handling Editor: James C. Ogbonna
    1. Improving Traditionally Fermented African Foods Through Biotechnology - Need to translate art to science
    Philippa C. Ojimelukwe
    2. Indigenous fermented and underutilized /novel foods with potentials for combating malnutrition in sub-Saharan Africa
    Philippa C. Ojimelukwe
    3. Biotechnologies / fermentation technologies for large-scale industrial enzyme production for the food and beverage industry
    Olusola Oyewole, Sarafa O. Kareem, Tolulope Adeleye
    4. Recent Advances in Dairy Industries: Monitoring, Standard, Quality and Process
    Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji, Olugbemi Tope Olaniyan, Kingsley Eghonghon Ukhurebor, Julius Kola Oloke, Olaleye Olusola, Benjamin Ewa Ubi, Daniel Ingo Hefft
    5. Soy-based Food Products Consumed in Africa: A Panacea to mitigate Food Insecurity and Health Challenges
    Olugbemi T Olaniyan, Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji, Juliana Bunmi Adetunji, Julius Kola Oloke, Olaleye Olusola, Daniel Ingo Hefft, Benjamin Ewa Ubi
    6. Nutritional and Health Benefits of Nutraceutical Beverages Derived from Cocoa and other Caffeine Products: Comprehensive review
    Juliana Bunmi Adetunji, Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji, Saher Islam, Devarajan Thangadura, Olugbemi T Olaniyan, Florence U. Masajuwa, Olaleye Olusola, Daniel Ingo Hefft, Wadazani Palnam Dauda, Benjamin Ewa Ubi
    7. Strategies For Yeast Strain Improvement Through Metabolic Engineering
    Ogbulie, Toochukwu Ekwutosi, Opara, Christiana N, Nwachukwu, Augusta Anuli and Ogbodo, Priscilla Amaka
    8. The role of an intelligent feedback control system in the standardization of bio-fermented food products
    Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji, Wilson Nwankwo, Kingsley E. Ukhurebor, Samuel Makinde, Olugbemi T Olaniyan, Florence U. Masajuwa, Benjamin Ubi
    Part 2: Working Group 3: Microalgae and novel products
    Handling Editor: Emeka G. Nwoba
    9. Algae biotechnology for novel foods
    Mathias A. Chia, Emeka G. Nwoba, James C. Ogbonna
    10. Microalgae biotechnology research and development opportunities in Nigeria
    James C. Ogbonnaa, Emeka G. Nwobab, David Chuka-Ogwudeb, Innocent Ogbonnac, Abosede T. Adesalud
    11. Emerging eco- and bio-technologies in the use of algal biomass for biofuels and high-value products
    Taofikat A. Adesalu, Mathias A. Chia, John N. Idenyi, Emeka G. Nwoba
    12. African mushrooms as functional foods and nutraceuticals: A review of their farm to fork perspectives
    Charles O. Adetunji, Juliana B. Adetunji, Olugbemi T. Olaniyan, Osarenkhoe O. Osemwegie, Benjamin E. Ubi

    Volume 2: Agricultural biotechnology, biodiversity and bio-resources conservation and utilization
    Francis C. Ogbonnaya
    Benjamin Ewa Ubi
    Part 1: Crop Genetics, Breeding & Genomics Working Group
    Handling Editor: Olawole Obembe
    1. Biotechnology As A Tool For Agricultural Revolution In Developing Nations: Current Status And Bottlenecks In Nigeria
    S. T. Akinyosoye, J. A. Adetumbi
    2. Advances On Engineering Cassava For Food And Nutrition Security In 21st Century
    Nneka R. Okereke, Ihuoma C. Okwuonu, C. N. Egesi, J. T. Onyeka, Akinola Popoola
    3. Current and Future Advances in Genomics-Assisted Cassava Breeding
    S. P. Abah, L. Ezenwaka, D. Njoku, Ihuoma C. Okwuonu, T. J. Onyeka, C. N. Egesi
    4. Genome Engineering: A New Frontier For Improving Root And Tuber Crops
    Ihuoma C. Okwuonu, J. E. Obidegwu, C. N. Egesi, T. J Onyeka, V. N. Otang
    5. Development And Commercialization Of Bt-Cowpea In Nigeria: Implication For National Development
    L. M. Umar, B. S. Mohammed, M. F. Ishiyaku, C. A. Prince, K. A. Issoufou, R. S. Adamu, I. M. Utono, N. O. Francis, O. Bolarinwa
    6. Progress In The Development Of Bio-Fortified Sorghum In Nigeria: Implications For Food And Nutrition Security
    Yeye, M. Y, Aba, D.A., Kwanashe, A. J., Wambugu, F., Aseta, A.,Obukosa, S.,Albertsen M. C., and Zhao, Z.Y
    7. Strategies For The Production Of Disease-Free Yam Planting Materials – Implications For Improved Yam Production In Nigeria
    8. Engineering Pests And Disease Resistance In Crops: From RNA Interference To RNA Editing
    Yakubu Abubakar Saddeeq, Abdulrazak B. Ibrahim and Joshua Ehis Imonmion
    9. Engineering Crops For Resistance To Pests And Diseases: Necessity For Crop Improvement Through Accurate Genomic Resources And Phenotyping
    O. Kolade, O. Daniel, D. O. Igwe
    10. Molecular Diagnostics For Plant Viruses Towards Enhanced Delivery Of Disease-Free Planting Materials And Germplasm Exchange
    Kolade O.A., Popoola A. R. Igwe, D. O. and Adediji A
    11. Recent Advances In Molecular Techniques For The Enhancement Of Crop Production
    Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji, Olugbemi Tope Olaniyan, Kingsley Eghonghon Ukhurebor, Benjamin Ewa Ubi, Julius Kola Oloke, Wadzani Palnam Dauda, Daniel Ingo Hefft
    Part 2: Animal Genetics, Breeding & Genomics
    Handling Editor: Emmanuel O. Ekundayo, Benjamin Ewa Ubi
    12. Genetic Intervention In Sustainable Livestock Production
    Cyril Otoikhian, Etta, Hannah, Olorunleke, Solomon and Ikpeme, Ekei
    13. Development Of Improved Indigenous Chickens (Funaab Alpha) For Smallholder Poultry Production In Nigeria
    Olufunmilayo A. Adebambo, S. O. Peters, A. O. Adebambo, M. A. Adeleke, M. Y. Wheto, O. Kehinde, Jessie E. Udoh
    14. Biotechnology Applications In Livestock Production
    Olufunmilayo A. Adebambo; Victor E. Olori Sunday O. Peters; Ayotunde O. Adebambo; Mathew Wheto
    15. Enabling Environment For Uptake Of Biotechnological Innovations For Livestock Production In Africa
    Victor E. Olori
    16. Biothermoimaging Tools For Management Of Climate Smart And Precision Livestock Assisted Reproduction
    Mustapha Ayodele Popoola, Sulaiman Elias Bogoro, Jean Magloire Feugang
    Part 3: Genetic Resources Conservation and Enhancement
    Handling Editor: Benjamin Ewa Ubi
    17. Securing The Genetic Base Of Indigenous Food Plants: Their Role In Promoting Sustainable Food Systems
    Andrew Chibuzor Iloh, George Ude and Christie Onyia
    18. Biotechnology-Aided Sustainable Use Of Nigeria’s Biodiversity For Improved Nutrition And Health
    Pamela Akin-Idowu, Lovina Iyandu Udoh, Dorcas Olubunmi Ibitoye
    19. Utilizing Plant Genetic Resources To Develop Climate Resilient Crops
    Mba, C. and Ogbonnaya, F. C.
    20. Biodiversity And Genetic Resources Conservation In Nigeria
    George Nkem Ude, David Okeh Igwe, Christie Oby Onyia, Chosen Ekene Obih
    21. Biotechnological Approaches For Genetic Resources Conservation And Use
    Aladele S.E, Afolayan G., Jamaleddine Z. O., Oduoye O. T., Bolatito O. A., Afolayan A. O., Daniel I.O., Olosunde A. A1., Olubiyi M.R., Okere A. U and Ubi B. E.

    Volume 3: Medical Biotechnology, Biopharmaceutics, Forensic Science and Bioinformatics
    Alex U. Akpa
    Benjamin Ewa Ubi
    Part 1: Working Group 04: Molecular Diagnostics and DNA Forensics
    Handling Editor: Prof. Ifeoma Ezeonu
    1. Principles and Techniques for Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Manipulation
    Nwadiuto Esiobu, Ifeoma Ezeonu, Francisca Nwaokorie
    2. Forensic DNA profiling and molecular identification of infectious pathogens: The Nigeria experience.
    D. E. Agbonlahor, M. Y. Tatfeng, I. B. Enweani-Nwokelo, I. Ezeonu, E. A. Brisibe, F. O. Nwaokorie, N. Esiobu, A. O. Eremwanarue, F. E. Oviasogie, G. S. George, B. E. Ubi
    3. DNA markers in forensic and diagnostic science
    M. Y. Tatfeng, D. E. Agbonlahor, I. B. Enweani-Nwokelo, I. Ezeonu, F. Nwaokorie, E. A. Brisibe, D. Esiobu
    4. Legal standards setting in the use of Forensics DNA Barcode: Evidence for wildlife crime detection and prosecution in Nigeria
    Christie O. Onyia, Obianuju P. Ilo, Scott E. Miller
    Part 2: Working Group 07: Medical and Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
    Handling Editor: Prof. Mairo Hajiya Inuwa
    5. Harnessing Indigenous Bioresources for Development of Diagnostics for Detection and  Confirmation of Infectious agents in Nigeria
    E. O. Ekundayo, J. C. Igwe, I. Ezeonu
    6. Antibiotic Resistance: Global Trends, Impact And Mitigation
    I. M. Ezeonu, I. R. Iroha, N. Esiobu
    7. Safeguarding Nigeria Territory from the use of antibiotic resistant microbes in bioterrorism
    J. C. Igwe, E. O. Ekundayo, I. Ezeonu, S. K. Parom
    8. Deep Learning and Economic Prospects in Medical and Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
    Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji, Olugbemi Tope Olaniyan, Kingsley Eghonghon Ukhurebor, Adetunji Julianah Bunmi, Gloria E Okotie, Julius Kola Oloke
    9. Health and Nutritional benefits of numerous bioactive components derived from fish and fish products
    Juliana Bunmi Adetunji, Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji, Michael Olugbenga Samuel Genevieve Dable-Tupas, Chukwuebuka Egbuna
    10. Repositioning antiviral drugs as a rapid and cost-effective approach to discover treatment against SARS-CoV-2 infection
    Omotayo O. Oyedara, Folasade M. Adeyemi, Charles Oluwasun Adetunji, Elufisan Temidayo Oluyomi
    11. Corn Silk and Health Benefits
    Adetunji Charles Oluwaseun, Michael Olugbenga Samuel, Adetunji Juliana Bunmi, Oluranti OlufemiIdowu
    12. Bioengineering of Pharmacologically-Active Metabolites for Effective Drug Nano Formulations from the Callus of Medicinal Plants and their Significant Application in Nanomedicine: Recent Advances
    Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji, Denisa Ficai, Anton Ficai,, Olugbenga Samuel Micheal, Wilson Nwankwo, Muhammad Akram, Chukwuebuka Egbuna, Oluwaseyi Paul Olaniyan, Rumaisa Ansari, Hameed Shah, Tehreen Riaz, Ruth Ebunoluwa Bodunrinde, Rida Zainab, Juliana Bunmi Adetunji, Jonathan C. Ifemeje, Mohammad Ali Shariati, Michael Chinedu Olisah, Akinola Samson Olayinka, Kingsley Eghonghon Ukhurebor, Daniel Ingo Hefft and Wadzani Dauda Palnam
    Part 3: Omics and Bioinformatics
    Handling Editor: Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji
    13. Bioinformatics: a tool for biotechnological advancement
    Oyawoye O. M., Olorunsola H. A, Oluduro A. O. Bamigboye O. O, Oladipo E.K., Olotu T. M., Adeosun I. J., Kaka M. O., Obembe O. O.
    14. Role of Nucleotide Sequence Analysis in Human Genetics and Genomics
    S. S. D. Mohammed, I. Abraham, D. Enoma, L. E. Okoror
    15. Application of Computational and bioinformatics techniques in drug repurposing for effective development of potential drug candidate for the management of COVID-19
    Charles Oluwasun Adetunji, Olaniyan T Olugbemi, Muhammad Akram, Umme Laila, Olugbenga Samuel Michael, Ayomide Michael Oshinjo, Julianah BunmiAdetunji, Gloria E Okotie, Nwadiuto Esiobu, Folasade Muibat Adeyemi, Omotayo Opemipo Oyedara
    16. Computational Intelligence Techniques for Combating COVID 19
    Charles Oluwasun Adetunji, Wilson Nwankwo, Akinola Samson Olayinka, Olaniyan T Olugbemi, Muhammad Akram,Umme Laila, Olugbenga Samuel Michael,Ayomide Michael Oshinjo, Julianah BunmiAdetunji,Gloria E Okotie, Nwadiuto Esiobu
    17. Machine learning and behavior modification for COVID 19
    Charles Oluwasun Adetunji, Wilson Nwankwo, Akinola Samson Olayinka, Olaniyan T Olugbemi, Muhammad Akram,Umme Laila, Olugbenga Samuel Michael,Ayomide Michael Oshinjo, Julianah BunmiAdetunji,Gloria E Okotie, Nwadiuto Esiobu
    Part 4: Working Group 12: Medicinal and Underutilized Plants
    Handling Editor: Prof. Abubakar Gidado
    18. Underutilized plant species, a huge potential for economic development in Nigeria
    Friday Nwalo Nweke, Godwill Azeh Engwa and Oluchi Cynthia Abiamere
    19. The place of neglected legumes in human nutrition and food security
    Beckley Ikhajiagbe, Geoffrey Obinna Ikhajiagbe, Anoliefo, Doris I. Omoigui, Edokpolor Osazee Ohanmu, Saheed Ibrahim Musa and Zipporah Emilomo Omage
    20. Antiprotozoal Activity of medicinal plants against Entamoebahistolytica, the causative agent of amoebiasis
    21. Harnessing benefits of underutilized Plant Species for Economic Growth in Nigeria
    Oluwafemi Abiodun Adepoju, Bashiru Ibrahim, and Emmanuel Oluwadare Balogun
    Part 5: Working Group 13: Medical Insect Biotechnology, Genomics and Molecular Genetics of pests
    Handling Editor: Dr. Abdulrazak Ibrahim
    22. Exploiting Arthropod midgut components for development of interventions against infectious diseases
    Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji, Oyetunde T. Oyeyemi
    23. Genome-based Vector Surveillance for Effective Prediction and Control of Mosquito-Borne Viral Disease Outbreaks in Nigeria
    Nwadiuto Esiobu, Bamidele Oderinde, Njidda Gadzama, Ihekerenma Okoli

    Volume 4: Biosafety and Bioethics in Biotechnology
    Bamidele Ogbe Solomon
    Benjamin Ewa Ubi
    Part 1: Biosafety, Bioethics and Legal Issues in Biotechnology.
    1. Status of Nigeria’s Biosafety Regulation.
    Rufus Ebegba, Scholastica Bello, and Joy Onwude
    2. CRISPR / Cas9: Regulatory Considerations to Ensure Safety of Gene-Edited Products in Nigeria.
    Sylvia Uzochukwu, Arinze S. Okoli
    3. Regulating Gene-Edited Products in Nigeria.
    Rufus Ebegba, Joy Onwude
    4. Emerging Technologies: Can African Regulator Take a Lead on Transgenic Mosquito Regulation.
    Rufus Ebegba, Joy Onwude
    5. Bioethics: Principles and Practice in The Face of Modern Technology.
    Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji, Kingsley Eghonghon Ukhurebor, Olugbemi Tope Olaniyan, Olugbenga Samuel Micheal, Julius Kola Oloke, Benjamin Ewa Ubi
    Part 2: Biotechnology Policy Advocacy, Enlightenment and Public Engagement with Stakeholders / Policy Makers.
    6. Science Communication in Agricultural Biotechnology and Public Engagement with Stakeholders in Nigeria.
    R. S. M. Gidado, A. Isah, J. C. Igwe, S. O. O. Iweajunwa, N. Muchiri
    7. Biotechnology Development in Nigeria: Meeting Critical Developmental Needs.
    A. Akpa, Benjamin E. Ubi, Christie Onyia, Nwadiuto Esiobu, Abdulrazak Ibrahim
    8. Communicating Scientific Innovations: The Case of Agricultural Biotechnology in Nigeria.
    R.S.M. Gidado, A. Isah, S. O. O. Iweajunwa, N. Muchiri
    9. Review of Biotechnology Policies and Regulatory Frameworks.
    James C. Ogbonna, Benjamin E. Ubi, Abdulrazak Ibrahim, Ebiamadon Andi Brisibe; Abubakar Gidado, Aliyu Daja, Mwajim Bukar
    Part 3: Biotechnology Education and Curriculum Development.
    10. Current status of Biotechnology Manpower Development in Nigeria.
    Olu Odeyemi, Modupe Stella Ayilara
    11. Strategies Towards Enhancing Biotechnology Training in Nigeria.
    Sylvia Uzochukwu, Christie Onyia, Nwadiuto Esiobu, Joan Campbell, Paul Keese, Ivan Ingelbrecht and Alex Ochem
    12. Challenge of Science, Technology Engineering and Mathematics (Stem) in Technological Development of Nigeria.
    Nwadiuto Esiobu, Ivar Virgin

    Volume 5: Microbiomes and Emerging Applications
    Emeka I Nweze
    Benjamin Ewa Ubi
    1. Microbiome and Metagenomics researches in Nigeria: evolution, current status and prospects
    Francisca O. Nwaokorie, Ime R. Udotong, Nwadiuto Esiobu and Ifeoma Enweani Nwokelo
    2. Microbial Biotechnology: Expanding the Frontiers of Microbiomes for Innovations in Agriculture and Medicine
    Obembe, O. O., Esiobu, N., Aworunse, O. S. and Agbakoba, N. R.
    3. The need for Probiotics in Nigeria
    Kingsley C Anukam and Nneka R Agbakoba
    4. Development And Composition Of The Human Microbiome From Birth
    Toochukwu E. Ogbulie, Nwadiuto Esiobu and Muinah Foworah
    5. Microbiota Transplantation, Health Implications and the Way Forward
    Olugbenga S. Michael, Charles O. Adetunji, Olufemi I. Oluranti, Julianah B. Adetunji, Oshinjo M. Ayomide, Esiobu Nwadiuto
    6. Microbiome Reshaping and Epigenetic Regulation
    Olugbenga S. Michael, Charles O. Adetunji, Kehinde S. Olaniyi, Julianah B. Adetunji, Olufemi I. Oluranti, Oshinjo M. Ayomide
    7. Probiotic Research Studiesthat Led to the Discovery of Lactobacillus pentosus KCA1
    Kingsley C Anukam
    8. A Brief Review of Earth Microbiomes and Applications
    Toochukwu E. Ogbulie, Nwadiuto Esiobu and Ifeoma Enweani

    Volume 6: Bioenergy and environmental biotechnology for sustainable development
    Jerry O. Ugwuanyi
    Benjamin Ewa Ubi
    Part 1: Waste recycling, biofuels and environmental remediation
    Handling Editor: Akinola Popoola
    1. Bio-resources utilization in fostering a low-carbon renewable energy – based economy
    Olu Odeyemi, Modupe Stella Ayilara, Mobolaji Adenike Titilawo, Oluwaseyi Samuel Olanrewaju
    2. Biomethanization in anaerobic systems: feedstock and process enhancement
    N. C. Ezebuiro, C. O. Onyia, I. Koerner
    3. Appraising the bioactivity potentials of eco-friendly synthesized metallic nanoparticles
    Mike O. Ojemaye, Anthony I. Okoh
    4. Enhancement of bioprocesses for the reclamation of impacted environment
    Beckley Ikhajiagbe, Geoffrey Obinna Anoliefo, Francis AibuedefeIgiebor
    5. Potential of some indiginous bacterial isolates in the development of bioenhancement formulations for bioremediation of nydrocarbon impacted environments
    M.B. Yerima, A. O. Adeleye, Kingsley Nwagwu, M. E. Nkereuwem, V. O. Onokebhagbe, Rebecca Richard, I. K. Adam, A. F. Umar, A. A. Farouq
    6. Environmental reclamation in Nigeria: past, present and future
    Beckley Ikhajiagbe, Geoffrey O. Anoliefo, Ogochukwu F. Olise, Isaac J. Adekunle
    Part 2: Water and Waste Water Recycling
    Handling Editor: Abdulrazak Ibrahim
    7. Sustainable wastewater treatment using microalgae technology
    Emeka G. Nwoba, John N. Idenyi, Christiana N. Ogbonna, Mathias A. Chia, James C. Ogbonna
    8. New insights into chlorine disinfectant usage in water quality: a need for review of existing guidelines
    Mojisola Owoseni, Anthony I Okoh


    Benjamin Ewa Ubi Ph.D., is a Professor of Plant Breeding and Biotechnology and currently serves as the President of the Biotechnology Society of Nigeria (BSN).

    Sylvia Uzochukwu is a professor of Food Science and Technology and Dean at Federal University, Oye-Ekiti.

    Emeka Godfrey Nwoba, Ph.D. is a research scholar at Algae R &D Centre, Murdoch University, Australia.

    Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji Ph.D., is an Associate Professor of Microbiology and Biotechnology at the Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science, Edo University Iyamho (EUI), Edo State, Nigeria.

    Nwadiuto Esiobu, Ph.D. is Professor of Microbiology and Biotechnology at Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, USA; and President & Founder, Applied Biotech Inc. and ABINL.

    Professor Olawole Obembe, received his Ph..D from Wageningen University, The Netherlands. His research interest include ethnopharmacology, in vitro conservation and micro-propagation of endangered (medicinal) plants, production of bio-pharmaceutics and industrial proteins in plants, quantitative trait loci analysis and genome-wide association studies.

    Abdulrazak Ibrahim, Ph.D. is an agricultural biotechnologist with experience and skills on plant biotechnology stewardship, stakeholder engagement, foresight analysis, development of transgenic crops, laboratory and field management of GM crops, biosafety analysis, adoption and discontinuation of events.

    Emmanuel Olufemi Ekundayo currently works at the Department of Microbiology/Centre for Molecular Biosciences and Biotechnology, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike.

    Arinze Stanley Okoli, Ph.D.: is an Associate Professor at Genoek - Centre for Biosafety, Universitetet II, Breivika, Tromsoe, Norway.

    Abubakar Gidado, Ph.D. is a professor of Biochemistry and Director North-East Zonal Biotechnology Centre of Excellence (NEZBCE) at University of Maiduguri.

    Prof. Hajia Mairo Inuwa, is currently Director, Centre for Biotechnology Research and Training, Ahmadu Bello University.

    Professor Ifeoma Maureen Ezeonu, B.Sc. (Nig.), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Atlanta) is a Professor of Medical Microbiology and Molecular Genetics in the Department of Microbiology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka and currently the Director of the University of Nigeria Central Science Laboratory.

    Christpeace Nwagbo Ezebuiro, Ph.D. is a Project Manager, Renewable Energy Expert and Head of Clean Technology Division at the National Biotechnology Development Agency, Abuja, Nigeria.

    James Chukwuma Ogbonna, Ph.D. is the Director, National Biotechnology Development Agency, South East Zonal Biotechnology Centre, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, and the immediate past Deputy Vice Chancellor (Academic), University of Nigeria Nsukka.

    Akinola R. Popoola, Ph.D. is a Professor of Plant Pathology and the Director, Biotechnology Centre, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria.