Milk is nature’s perfect food (lacking only iron, copper, and vitamin C) and is highly recommended by nutritionists for building healthy bodies. New technologies have emerged in the processing of milk. This new volume focuses on the processing of milk by novel techniques, emphasizing the conservation of energy and effective methods. This book is divided four parts that cover:
- applications of novel processing technologies in the dairy industry
- novel drying techniques in the dairy industry
- management systems and hurdles in the dairy industry
- energy conservation and opportunities in the dairy industry
This book presents new information on the technology of ohmic heating for milk pasteurization. It goes on to provide an overview of the commercial thermal, non-thermal technologies, and hybrid technologies for milk pasteurization. There are non-thermal technologies such as pulse light, irradiation, ultra violet treatment, etc., that can be used in combination with other technologies for the processing of milk and milk products. This hybrid technology can provide multiple benefits, such extended shelf life, reduced energy costs, reduced heat treatment, and better organoleptic and sensory properties. The book also describes the different aspects of food safety management used in dairy processing.
The book also looks at recent advances in microwave-assisted thermal processing of milk and the effects of microwaves on microbiological, physicochemical, and organoleptic properties of processed milk and milk products. Technological advances in value addition and standardization of the products have been reported, but well-established processes for mechanized production are recommended in the book for a uniform quality nutritious product produced under hygienic conditions.
This new volume will be of interest to faculty, researchers, postgraduate students, researchers, as well as engineers in the dairy industry.
Table of Contents
Technology of Ohmic Heating for Pasteurization of Milk
Asaad Rehman Saeed Al-Hilphy, Haider I. Ali, and Ghassan F. Mohsin
Advances in Microwave-Assisted Processing of Milk
S. S. Shirkole and P. P. Sutar
Advancement in Ghee Making Process
Pramod Kumar, Raman Seth, Hitesh Patel, Anit Kumar, Durga Shankar Bunkar, and Mohammed Nayeem
Technological Interventions in Kulfi Production: A Review
Kumaresh Halder, Amit Juneja, Subrota Hati, and Chandan Solanki
Hybrid Technology for Pasteurization of Milk
Shilpi Singh, Jayeeta Mitra, and Viswanatha Angadi
Classification of Dried Milk Products
Rachna Sehrawat, Prabhat Kumar Nema, Pramod Kumar, and Anit Kumar
Osmotic Dehydration: Principles and Applications in the Dairy Industry
Adarsh M. Kalla and Devaraju Rajanna
Food Safety and Management System (Fsms): Applications in the Dairy Industry
Angadi Viswanatha, C. Ram Kumar, Jayeeta Mitra, and S. S. Roopa
Economic Analysis of Milk Marketing: Case Study in Haryana
Anil K. Gupta
Dairy Foods: Allergy and Intolerance
Mohammed Nayeem, Gurdeep Rattu, Rohant Dhaka, Ajay Kumar Kashyap, Nishant Kumar, and Pramod Kumar
Day Lighting in Dairy Farms
Bhavesh B. Chavhan, A. K. Agrawal, C. Sahu, S. S. Chopde, and Adarsh M. Kalla
Refrigeration Principles and Applications in the Dairy Industry
A. G. Bhadania
Energy Audits and Its Potential as a Tool for Energy Conservation in the Dairy Industry
A. G. Bhadania
Megh R. Goyal, PhD, PE, is a Retired Professor in Agricultural and Biomedical Engineering from the General Engineering Department in the College of Engineering at University of Puerto Rico–Mayaguez Campus; and Senior Acquisitions Editor and Senior Technical Editor-in-Chief in Agriculture and Biomedical Engineering for Apple Academic Press Inc. He has worked as a Soil Conservation Inspector and as a Research Assistant at Haryana Agricultural University and Ohio State University. He was the first agricultural engineer to receive the professional license in Agricultural Engineering in 1986 from the College of Engineers and Surveyors of Puerto Rico. On September 16, 2005, he was proclaimed as "Father of Irrigation Engineering in Puerto Rico for the twentieth century" by the ASABE, Puerto Rico Section, for his pioneering work on micro irrigation, evapotranspiration, agroclimatology, and soil and water engineering. During his professional career of 45 years, he has received many prestigious awards, including being recognized as one of the experts "who rendered meritorious service for the development of [the] irrigation sector in India" by the Water Technology Centre of Tamil Nadu Agricultural University in Coimbatore, India. A prolific author and editor, he has written more than 200 journal articles and textbooks and has edited over 25 books.
Anit Kumar is PhD research scholar in the Department of Food Science and Technology at the National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management, Kundli, Haryana, India. He has reviewed research articles and review papers for the Journal of Food Science and Engineering and Nutrition and Food Science. He is a member of the Indian Dairy Association. He has working experience in the dairy and mango industry and also worked as a research scholar (Junior Research Fellow) at NIFTEM, Kundli, India, on the topic "Effect of microfluidization on the quality of fruit flavor and low fat yoghurt". He has also appeared on the NIFTEM YouTube where he demonstrated pedagogical and presentation skills through short films on the making process of patties, vanilla pastry and puff khari. He has received the best organizer award as a convener for NIFTEM Sports League at NIFTEM, Haryana, India. He has published several research articles and review papers in different international and national journals. He has also written several book chapters for different books. He has presented several oral and poster presentations at different international and national conferences.
Anil K. Gupta, PhD, is owner of AG Family Dentistry, LLC, in Alexandria, Louisiana. He was previously a Medical Technologist at Huey P. Long Hospital, Pineville, Louisiana. Dr. Gupta, after completing his PhD (1994) from Haryana Agricultural University, worked in TERI (TATA Energy Research Institute, India) as a research associate, where he published several papers on soil and water. After coming to US in 1995, he retrained himself as a Medical Technologist.