Solid Acid Catalysis: From Fundamentals to Applications, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Solid Acid Catalysis

From Fundamentals to Applications, 1st Edition

By Hideshi Hattori, Yoshi Ono

Jenny Stanford Publishing

530 pages | 171 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9789814463287
pub: 2015-04-01
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Description

Solids that possess acidic properties on their surfaces function as catalysts just like liquid acids, such as sulfuric acid and hydrochloric acid. By using solid acid catalysts, chemical processes become more productive and more environmentally friendly. In fact, solid acids are being used in many industrial chemical processes from the largest chemical process of catalytic cracking in petroleum refining to the synthesis of various fine chemicals. This book covers the fundamentals of solid acid catalysis, including its history and characterization, and discusses different types of catalysts and solid acid-catalyzed reactions as well as their industrial applications. It comprehensively covers from fundamentals to applications and will be useful for students, young researchers, and advanced researchers.

Reviews

"This monograph follows up and complements another book by the same authors—Solid Base Catalysis— published in 2011. It represents a unique account of the historical background of heterogeneous catalysis and its industrial applications in petrochemistry and synthesis of major organic chemicals. It includes a majority of actual reactions and processes in the field and a concentrate of the most recent discoveries and applications. An excellent book describing acidity function, the main acid-type solid catalysts, their characterization, many details on reaction mechanisms, and their applications, it is very well documented and written homogenously, with an up-to-date analysis of the field. The book is highly recommended for both young and established scientists."

—Prof. Jacques C. Védrine, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, France

Table of Contents

Introduction

Types of solid acid catalysts

Advantages of solid acid catalysts

Historical overviews of solid acid catalysts

Future outlook

Solid Acids Catalysis

Definition of acid and base -Brnsted acid and Lewis acid-

Acid sites on surfaces

Acid strength

Role of acid sites in catalysis

Bifunctional catalysis

Pore size effect on catalysis –shape selectivity–

Characterization of Solid Acid Catalysts

Indicator method

Temperature programmed desorption (TPD) of ammonia

Calorimetry of adsorption of basic molecules

Infrared spectroscopy

NMR spectroscopy

Test reactions

Catalytic properties of solid acid catalysts

Zeolites

Aluminophosphate molecular sieve

Ordered mosoporous materials

Heteropoly acids

Clay

Alumina and modified alumina

Zirconia and modified zirconia

Mixed oxides

Supported acids

Ion-exchange resins

Hydrocarbon transformations–mechanisms and industrial processes

Introduction

Fluidized catalytic cracking

Alkylation of benzene

Isomerization of alkanes

Production of p-xylene

Methanol to hydrocabons

Synthesis of organic chemicals through solid acid catalysis

Alkylation

Acylation

Esterification and transesterification

Reactions of epoxides

Dehydration

Conversion of trioses into lactates

Hydration of alkenes

Isomerization/rearrangement

Acetalization, thioacetalization

Prins reaction - Nopol synthesis

Synthesis of flavones and chromenes

Synthesis of xanthenes

Pechmann condensation

Friedländer reaction

Synthesis of amides

Biginelli reaction

Strecker reaction

About the Authors

Hideshi Hattori is joint professor at King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Arabia, and research-promoting professor at Catalysis Research Center, Hokkaido University, Japan, as well as professor emeritus at Hokkaido University. He is former president of the Catalysis Society of Japan. He chaired the Fourth Tokyo Conference on Advanced Catalytic Science and Technology, held in 2002, and the International Symposia on Acid–Base Catalysis II and IV. Prof. Hattori’s field of interest is solid acid and base catalysis.

Yoshio Ono is professor emeritus at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan, and the National Institution for Academic Degrees and University Evaluation, Japan. He has authored about 300 papers and reviews and is former president of the Catalysis Society of Japan and the Japan Association of Zeolites. He is one of the founding editors of Catalysis Surveys from Asia. Prof. Ono’s research interests include catalysis by zeolites and solid acids and bases.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013050
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Physical & Theoretical
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical