Dietary Fiber and Health: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Dietary Fiber and Health

1st Edition

Edited by Susan Cho, Nelson Almeida

CRC Press

557 pages | 107 B/W Illus.

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Description

Adequate fiber in the diet is essential for maintaining gastrointestinal and cardiovascular health and for weight management and glycemic control. But a majority of people in developed countries fall short of their recommended daily intake. Designed for product developers, nutritionists, dietitians, and regulatory agencies, Dietary Fiber and Health discusses critical findings from the Ninth Vahouny Fiber Symposium about the significance of dietary fiber and ways to get more fiber in our diet.

Steeped in research and the latest data from international experts, the book explores a range of topics related to this essential nutrient, including:

  • The relationship between fiber and weight management, gastrointestinal health, heart disease, cancer, and glucose metabolism
  • Prebiotic effects of fiber and the characteristics and modulation of healthy flora
  • The health benefits of novel fibers such as inulin
  • The characteristics of maltodextrin, Fibersol-2, and low viscous fiber on satiety, glycemia, microbiota, and other properties
  • The impact of the new definition of dietary fiber published by the Codex Alimentarius Commission
  • The properties and immunological impact of Galactooligosaccharide and research on its effect on colitis
  • Resistant starch and associated compounds
  • Oat, rye, barley, and other fibers
  • Regulatory issues, including GRAS notice procedure

It is imperative that food product developers formulate foods with fiber and that health professionals recommend foods high in fiber to improve public health. The contributors to this volume provide a survey of not only the impact of fiber on human health, but also the myriad opportunities for fiber ingredients to be incorporated into foods for the benefit of consumers.

Table of Contents

Reflections on 30 Years of the Vahouny Fiber Symposia; C. T. Bonfield

Discussions Relating to the Definition of Dietary Fiber at the Ninth Vahouny Fiber Symposium; J. F. Howlett , V. A. Betteridge, M. Champ, S. A .S. Craig, A. Meheust, and J. Miller Jones

Implementation Issues of the Codex Definition of Dietary Fiber; V. A. Betteridge, W. Caers,

J. R. Lupton, J. L. Slavin, and J. DeVries

Regulations for the Food Labeling of Dietary Fiber; P. R. Trumbo

Resistant Starch; A. R. Bird, S. Usher, B. May, D. L. Topping, and M. K. Morell

Measurement Techniques for Insulin Sensitivity; K. C. Maki

Consumption of Total Fiber and Types of Fiber Are Associated with a Lower Prevalence of Obesity and

Abdominal Adiposity in U.S. Adults; T. A. Nicklas, C. E. O’Neil, J. L. Slavin, and S. S. Cho

Fiber and Satiety; C. Lefranc-Millot, V. Macioce, L. Guérin-Deremaux, I. L. Case, S. Nishi, and S. S. Cho

Viscous Dietary Fiber Reduces Adiposity and Plasma Adipokines and Increases Gene Expression Related to Fat Oxidation in Rats; D. D. Gallaher, A. Islam, A. E . Civitarese, L. Kotowski, J.-A. Nazare, and R. Hesslink

Epidemiological Studies of Dietary Fiber and Cardiovascular Disease; J. W. Anderson and M. Jhaveri

Fasting Glucose Turnover But Not Peripheral Insulin Resistance Is Reduced after Acetogenic and Non-Digestible Carbohydrate Ingestion in Metabolic Syndrome Patients; E. Pouteau, V. Ferchaud-Roucher, Y. Zair, M. Paintin, M. Enslen, L. Flet, N. Auriou, K. Macé, J.-P. Godin,

O. Ballèvre, and M. Krempf

Assessing Immune Health Outcomes following Dietary Interventions in Healthy Adults; B. Langkamp -Henken

Inulin, Gut Microbes, and Health; D. Meyer

Digesta Viscosity and Glucose Behavior in the Small Intestine Lumen; T. Takahashi, M. Noborikawa, S. Oda, S. Maruyama, T. Koda, M.Tokunaga, M. Naoi, and K. Kitamori

Manipulating Dietary Intake of Poorly Absorbed and Fermentable Short-Chain Carbohydrates (FOD MAPs); J. G. Muir, S. J. Shepherd, J. S. Barrett , S. B. Mitchell, D. K. Ong, R. Rose, O. Rosella, C. K. Yao, E. P. Halmos, J. R. Biesiekierski, and P. R. Gibson

Colonic Metabolism of Bioactive Molecules; C.A. Edwards, A. L. Garcia, and E. Combet

Impact of a Low Viscous Fiber on Postprandial and Fasting Glycemia; G. Livesey

Essentiality and Beneficial Physiological Effects of Dietary Fiber; D. T. Gordon

Fecal Microbiota Composition Is Affected by Resistant Maltodextrin, and Bifidobacteria Counts Correlate with Energy Gain; T. Culpepper, M. Ukhanova, D. J. Baer, S. Kanahori, K. Okuma, H.Tagami, D. T. Gordon, and V. Mai

Resistant Maltodextrin Overview; A. W. Buck

Rice Bran Fiber; J. H. Park, A. W. Lee, S. S. Cho, and N. Almeida

Hypoglycemic Effects of Oat β-Glucan; B. Faress, S. S. Cho, A. W. Lee, and N. Almeida

Oat Fiber; D. Inman, A. W. Lee, and S. S. Cho

Sugarcane Fiber; D. Inman, A. W. Lee, and S. S. Cho

Galactooligosaccharides; A. M. Birkett

Physiochemical Properties of Wheat Bran and Related Application Challenges; D. E. Ortiz and D. W. Lafond

Pectin; H. U. Endress and F. Mattes

Fruit Fibers; J. Fischer

Fig Fruit By-Products (Ficus carica) as a Source of Dietary Fiber; E. Sánchez-Zapata, E. Fuentes-Zaragoza, M. Viuda-Martos, A. Martin-Sánchez, J. Fernández-López, E. Sendra, E. Sayas-Barberá, C. Navarro, and J. A. Pérez-Álvarez

Tiger Nut Fiber and Its Technological Applications in Meat Products; E. Sánchez-Zapata, E. Fuentes-Zaragoza, M. Viuda-Martos, A. Martin-Sánchez, J. Fernández-López, E. Sendra, E. Sayas-Barberá, C. Navarro, and J. A. Pérez-Álvarez

Technological Properties of Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) Peel Extract Obtained as Coproduct in the Juice Processing; M. Viuda-Martos, E. Sánchez-Zapata, A. Martin-Sánchez,

Y. Ruiz-Navajas, J. Fernández-López, E. Sendra, E. Sayas-Barberá, C. Navarro, and J. A. Pérez-Álvarez

Mechanisms by Which Resistant Starch Produces Gut Hormones and Reduces Body Fat; M. J. Keenan, J. Zhou, A. M. Raggio, K. L. McCutcheon, R. Senevirathne, F. Goldsmith, M. Janes, R. T. Tulley, Li Shen, K. Vidrine, C. Williams, J. A. Charrier, J. Ye, and R. J. Martin

Resistant Starch Content of Brown Rice Increases after Refrigeration in Selected Varieties; M. Stewart and Y.-T. Chiu

Acacia Gum; S. Baray

Nondigestible Saccharide Enhances Transcellular Transport of Myricetin Glycosides in Rat Small Intestine; N. Matsukawa, M. Matsumoto, and H. Hara

Efficacy and Safety of Xylooligosaccharides; A. Fu, A. W. Lee, I. L. Case, and S. S. Cho

Appendix

Index

About the Editors

Susan Cho is a well-known expert in dietary fiber research. The former Director of Nutrition at Kellogg, she currently runs her own consulting firm, NutraSource. Dr. Cho also manages the prestigious Vahouny Fiber Symposium. She earned a Ph.D. in Food Science and an M.S. in Nutrition from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MED060000
MEDICAL / Nutrition
TEC012000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Food Science