1st Edition

Fish Oil Replacement and Alternative Lipid Sources in Aquaculture Feeds

    552 Pages 56 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Experts are predicting that demand for marine fish oil will soon outstrip supply, creating extreme urgency within the global aquafeed industry to find viable alternatives. Fish Oil Replacement and Alternative Lipid Sources in Aquaculture Feeds is the first comprehensive review of this multifaceted, complex issue. It also addresses the crucial questions about whether or not the industry will be able to meet increasing worldwide demand for fisheries products.

    The First & Only Book Specifically Addressing this Issue

    With contributions from more than 30 international experts, the book provides a global perspective on the production, rationale, and use of fish oils, vegetable oils, and animal fats in relation to the aquaculture and aquafeed industries. After a detailed discussion on alternative lipid sources, the book discusses groundbreaking research on the use of these lipid sources as fish oil substitutes, as well as their potential advantages and challenges for use in aquafeeds.

    Written by Leading Scientists & Industry Authorities

    Rounding out its solid coverage, the book then explores the important physiological effects of various lipid sources and their components on growth, lipid metabolism, health, and postharvest qualities of the farmed fish. Both timely and pertinent, Fish Oil Replacement and Alternative Lipid Sources in Aquaculture Feeds is the most authoritative and comprehensive review on the substitution of fish oil in aquaculture feeds addressing the issues, science, and future directions of using sustainable alternatives.

    Fish Oils in Aquaculture: In Retrospect
    Sena S. De Silva, David S. Francis, and Albert G. J. Tacon
    Lipids in Aquafeeds
    J. Gordon Bell and Wolfgang Koppe
    The World’s Oils and Fats
    Frank D. Gunstone
    Palm Oil and Saturated Fatty Acid–Rich Vegetable Oils
    Wing-Keong Ng and Veronique Gibon
    Soybean Oil and Other n-6 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid–Rich Vegetable Oils
    Paul B. Brown and Steven D. Hart
    Rapeseed (Canola) Oil and Other Monounsaturated Fatty Acid–Rich Vegetable Oils
    Giovanni M. Turchini and Rodney J. Mailer
    n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid–Rich Vegetable Oils and Blends
    Douglas R. Tocher, David S. Francis, and Keith Coupland
    Terrestrial Animal Fats
    Dominique P. Bureau and David L. Meeker
    Alternative Marine Resources
    Rolf-Erik Olsen, Rune Waagbø, Webjørn Melle, Einar Ringø,and Santosh P. Lall
    New Alternative n-3 Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid–Rich Oil Sources
    Matthew R. Miller, Peter D. Nichols, and Chris G. Carter
    Minor Components in Fish Oil and Alternative Oils with Potential Physiological Effect
    Jana Pickova, Sabine Sampels, and Marc Berntsen
    Fish Oil Replacement in Starter, Grow-Out, and Finishing Feeds for Farmed Aquatic Animals
    Brett D. Glencross and Giovanni M. Turchini
    The Effects of Fish Oil Replacement on Lipid Metabolism of Fish
    Bente E. Torstensen and Douglas R. Tocher
    Welfare and Health of Fish Fed Vegetable Oils as Alternative Lipid Sources to Fish Oil
    Daniel Montero and Marisol Izquierdo
    The Effects of Fish Oil Replacement on Nutritional and Organoleptic Qualities of Farmed Fish
    Grethe Rosenlund, Geneviève Corraze, Marisol Izquierdo, and Bente E. Torstensen


    Dr. Giovanni M. Turchini has a master’s degree in animal science and a doctorate in food quality and fish nutrition from the University of Milan, Italy. After a postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Milan, he moved to the School of Ecology and Environment at Deakin University, Australia. While in Australia, Dr. Turchini has been awarded the prestigious Australian Postdoctoral Discovery Fellowship and the Australian Research Fellowship, both from the Australian Research Council (ARC), for his research on fatty acid nutrition and metabolism in farmed fish. Currently, he is an ARC Fellow affiliated with the School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Deakin University. His research interests span from fish oil replacement and fatty acid metabolism in cultured aquatic species to fatty acid–hormone interactions, seafood quality and traceability, and ethical issues encountered in the fisheries and aquaculture sectors. Dr. Turchini has published extensively in the area of aquaculture nutrition and fish quality.

    Wing-Keong Ng received his bachelor of science degree in aquatic biology from Universiti Sains Malaysia. He then obtained his master’s degree in aquaculture from the Asian Institute of Technology (Thailand), and doctorate in nutrition at the University of California, Davis (USA). After a postdoctoral fellowship at Mississippi State University (USA), he returned to Malaysia. He has been a visiting scientist to the University of Stirling (Scotland, UK) and the University of Tasmania and CSIRO (Australia) under the Commonwealth and Endeavor Fellowships, respectively. Dr. Ng is currently a professor affiliated with Universiti Sains Malaysia, where he started the Fish Nutrition Laboratory and leads a research program aimed at developing a better understanding of nutrient utilization by fish and shrimp. He has focused interests in the evaluation of novel protein and lipid sources in aquafeeds to improve the economic and environmental sustainability of aquaculture operations. Professor Ng has published extensively in the area of aquaculture nutrition and is on the editorial board of several international and regional journals. He is a consultant to various international aquaculture organizations and aquafeed-related companies.

    Douglas R. Tocher has a bachelor of science degree and a PhD in biochemistry from the University of Edinburgh, Scotland. He worked for 16 years for the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) at the Institute of Marine Biochemistry, Aberdeen and the Unit of Aquatic Biochemistry, University of Stirling. His main research interests during this period were fish lipid and fatty acid metabolism, including embryonic and early larval development, and cell culture studies on eicosanoid metabolism, polyunsaturated fatty acid synthesis, and neural development. He later joined the Nutrition Group at the Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, where he is currently professor of molecular nutrition. His primary research interests are currently focused on the molecular biology and genetic basis of regulation of lipid and fatty acid metabolism in fish. Professor Tocher has coauthored more than 260 scientific publications. He is a member of the European Federation for the Science and Technology of Lipids (EuroFed), American Oil Chemists Society (AOCS), and European Aquaculture Society (EAS). He is on the editorial board of several international journals.

    Within the space of just over 500 pages ... this book provides a comprehensive overview on the production and use of fish oils, vegetable oils, terrestrial animal fats, and several unconventional lipid sources in finfish aquaculture and the aquafeed industry. All chapters are tightly packed with factual information, and all are also extensively referenced, with quite a strong emphasis on recently published review articles, original papers, and reports. ... The overall structure of the book has been well thought out, and the chapters follow in a logical sequence, making it relatively easy for the reader to find a clear path to follow. ... Fish Oil Replacement and Alternative Lipid Sources in Aquaculture Feeds is a most useful compilation ... . The book presents key, up-to-date information about the importance of lipid nutrition in finfish aquaculture, and about the availability and use of oil sources in the production of aquafeeds. Its main advantage is that the information is collected in a single volume, so the book is likely to become a standard source of reference for fish nutritionists and other aquaculture professionals.

    —Malcolm Jobling, University of Tromsø, Norway, in Springerlink.com, August 2010